Slide 1: ENGLISH:
INTERNATIONAL LANGUAGE What is a an international language? : What is a an international language? Language with special status over the native mother tongue
Special status conferred in two ways:
1. Government making it as official
2. Receives priority in schooling Slide 3: English as an international language
Does not compel the speaker to have a perfect
command of the culture it expresses
Communication of the ideas and culture
Functions as a bridge between speakers with different
English plays the role of lingua franca Kinds of english : Kinds of english English as a Native Language (ENL)
English as a Second Language (ESL)
English as a Foreign Language (EFL) WHY ONLY ENGLISH? : WHY ONLY ENGLISH? Half of the world's scientific journals written in English
Three quarters of the world's mail written in English
Three fifth of the radio stations of the world beam their messages in English
Spoken as a first language by more than 300million people around the world
One in five people speak English competently Slide 6: Flexibility of the English language
Migration to the United States has created a segment of the world population whose aim is to learn English for survival purposes
Five of the seven continents have one English speaking country Spread of english as a language : Spread of english as a language Industrial Revolution, the British economic predominance in the 19th century paved the way for colonialism of large geographical reach
Displacement of French from the sphere of diplomacy
After World War 2, there was a rise in economic influence from the United States English across the globe : English across the globe English is fast gaining status as an international language leaving other languages quite behind in the race to the top. Showing the relative numbers of native English speakers in the major English-speaking countries of the world : Showing the relative numbers of native English speakers in the major English-speaking countries of the world English across the globe : English across the globe Countries in Which English Is an Official Language USE OF ENGLISH IN BUSINESS : USE OF ENGLISH IN BUSINESS Knowledge of english as a language facilitates trade
To upgrade workers’ skills
Participate in workplace flexibility and multi-skill initiatives.
Provides competitive advantage
example outsourcing by many developed countries Slide 12: English language training useful for the successful participation of non- English speaking jobseekers abroad .
Governments are now providing for English language training programs for potential overseas workers and immigrants.
Important vehicle to promote development and IT transfer improvement. Slide 13: Comparative advantage:
The internet is widely regarded as a tool for strengthening trade and investment.
Global internet statistics show that English shares around 36% of the total online language. Understanding and not just knowing English : Understanding and not just knowing English Your friendly new British neighbor you’ve met in the corridor said that you should come over for a coffee some time – so why did they look surprised when you turned up at their doorstep the next afternoon
Your friendly British neighbor was just being polite – “let’s do something some time” is a just an expression, bearing as much weight and actual intention behind it as the notorious “hi, how are you”. If they really did want to invite you for a coffee, they would have made a date. Tips to learn english : Tips to learn english Developing contextualized language courses
Encouraging interaction between the native and non-native English speaking people
Supporting continuous language tuition on all levels, including local languages – making an effort to understand the local culture Slide 17: A case on
english Possible drawbacks : Possible drawbacks Linguistic power: Are those who speak the global language as a mother tongue automatically have more power than those who learn it as a second or foreign language?
Linguistic complacency: Will a global language eliminate motivation to learn other languages? A warning about complacency!! : A warning about complacency!! “It is all too easy to make your way in the world with English as your mother tongue . . . . We become lazy about learning other languages. . . . We all have to make a greater effort. English may be the world language, but it is not the world’s only language and if we are to be good global neighbors we shall have to be less condescending to the languages of the world—more assiduous in cultivating acquaintance with them.” Sir Siddrath Ramphal, former secretary general of the British Commonwealth What about linguistic death? : What about linguistic death? Emergence of a global language leads to the disappearance of minority languages
A unfounded fear for now: English as a global language seems to have the opposite effect—stimulating a stronger support for local languages