logging in or signing up FIRST AID (BASICS & CPR)-Maj Dr ID Khan anggrynoodle Download Post to : URL : Related Presentations : Share Add to Flag Embed Email Send to Blogs and Networks Add to Channel Uploaded from authorPOINT lite Insert YouTube videos in PowerPont slides with aS Desktop Copy embed code: Embed: Flash iPad Copy Does not support media & animations WordPress Embed Customize Embed URL: Copy Thumbnail: Copy The presentation is successfully added In Your Favorites. Views: 1067 Category: Education License: All Rights Reserved Like it (0) Dislike it (0) Added: March 22, 2011 This Presentation is Public Favorites: 2 Presentation Description No description available. Comments Posting comment... Premium member Presentation Transcript Slide 1: Major Dr Inam Danish Khan Medical Officer Nehru Institute of Mountaineering FIRST AID Slide 2: BUT WHY DO I NEED TO LEARN FIRST AID How does it feel if you lose a loved one? DON’T STAND IN SHOCK RESPECT LIFE PARTICIPATE IN SAVING LIVES Slide 3: FIRST AID First Aid is the initial assistance given to a casualty from the moment of the accident until availability of specialized medical care by a doctor. Slide 4: THE HUMAN BODY ROCKET SCIENCE IS EASY IF YOU DARE THINK ABOUT HUMAN BODY It is a complex real life playground. A thousand structures with varied functions. A billion biomolecules and a million reactions. Still counting on doctors for the unexplored. Entropy does not increase - Open system. Laws of physics are applied as well as defied. Slide 5: Robot Human Slide 6: HUMAN vs robot See, Hear, Smell, Taste Walk, Eat, Drink, Speak, Breathe, Cry Feel touch, temperature, pain, vibration Feel good or bad if you talk about it in third person Emote (Show fear, anger, sadness, happiness, love) Study to become wise, Give a lecture Make friends Have recollections of its past or plan its future Apply logic and reason situations to decide Think Memorize Reproduce Grow Can a Robot? Slide 7: HUMAN vs robot Slide 8: ORGAN SYSTEMS Slide 9: CIRCULATORY system Slide 10: RESPIRATORY system Slide 11: NERVOUS SYSTEM Slide 12: DIGESTIVE system Slide 13: PROLOGUE First Aid : Definition, types and duties Disasters and Triage Vital signs of life : Pulse, Temp, BP, Resp Life Support : Artificial Respiration & CPR Casualty Evacuation Slide 14: FIRST AID AIM Preserve life Prevent worsening of condition Promote recovery CARDINAL RULES Ladies to be examined in attendance Never label a person “Malingerer” 3. Benefit of doubt goes to the patient Slide 15: TYPES OF FIRST AID Basic First Aid Wilderness/ Outdoor First Aid Mountain/ High Altitude First Aid Military/ Battlefield First Aid Aquatic/ Marine First Aid Hyperbaric/ Diving First Aid Slide 16: Duties of first aider Assess condition quickly Check your safety Call for help Protect others from danger Prioritise – Do triage Give prompt first aid Arrange casualty evacuation Remain with the patient till attended by doctor and help him afterwards Slide 17: DISASTER MAN-MADE Fires Firearms Air, Water Rail, Road Industrial Explosions Building collapse Atomic bombs Terrorist Attacks NATURAL Earthquakes/landslides Avalanche Volcanoes Tornado/Hurricanes Floods Fires Tsunami Meteors A disaster is present when need exceeds resources! MASS CASUALTY INCIDENT Slide 18: TRIAGE Triage is the dynamic process of prioritizing casualties for treatment and evacuation of the wounded within the limitations of the situation and resources Slide 19: TRIAGE PRIORITIES 1. You - Get out of danger 2. Life – Check ABC, stop bleeding 3. Disability - Limb/Eye sight APPROACH People walking to you – Least priority (Priority 3) People who can move but can’t walk – Priority 2 No action – Cry for help (Priority 1) Slide 20: VITAL SIGNS OF LIFE Breathing 12-20 breaths/min Pulse 60-100 beats/min Bld pressure 100/60 - < 140/90 mm Hg 4. Temperature 370C 98.6 F 5. Capillary return 2-3 seconds 6. Cyanosis Slide 21: BREATHING Don’t tell the patient Observe chest movements abdominal movements Put your ears to nose Normally 12-20/min Can increase in mountains Slide 22: PULSE CAROTID PULSE Slide 23: PULSE Slide 24: BLOOD PRESSURE Slide 25: TEMPERATURE Below tongue Axilla in kids 370C 98.6 F Pulse increases with increasing temperature Slide 26: CAPILLARY RETURN Assess blood supply in limbs Check at fingers and toes of both sides Normal capillary return 2-3 secs Slide 27: CYANOSIS Bluish discoloration of body Reduced oxygen in blood First seen in nail beds, ear lobes, lips If tongue goes blue – life threatening Never smoke at higher altitudes Slide 28: LIFE SUPPORT A – AIRWAY & NECK FRACTURE B – BREATHING & CYANOSIS C – CIRCULATION & BLEEDING CONTROL D – DYSFUNCTION OF NERVOUS SYSTEM E – EXPOSURE & EVACUATION Slide 29: LIFE SUPPORT A – Talk with patient --- Head tilt and chin lift B – Check rate of breathing and cyanosis C – Check pulse, BP and capillary return Bleeding – Pressure, elevate, bandage D – Eye/Speech/Body Movements A- Alert V- Response to Voice P- Response to Pain U- Unresponsive Slide 30: ARTIFICIAL RESPIRATION Required when patient is not breathing Exhale air in a patients chest Mouth to Mouth Mouth to Nose Slide 31: CARDIO PULMONARY RESUSCITATION Revive the cardio-respiratory system Slide 32: CARDIO PULMONARY RESUSCITATION Chest Thump Give 15 chest compressions Give 2 mouth to mouth breaths 15:2 ratio to be followed Continue for 15/45 mins Slide 33: CASUALTY EVACUATION PRINCIPLES OF EVACUATION Evacuate only if fit for evacuation Foresee peak evacuation period and be prepared Priority for more seriously ill Due care during evacuation CAS EVAC Evacuation done by non medical people MED EVAC Specialised evacuation by trained medical personnel Slide 34: SINGLE PERSON HELP SUPPORT CARRY SADDLEBACK CARRY ARMS CARRY Slide 35: FIREMAN’S LIFT PACKSTRAP CARRY SINGLE PERSON HELP Slide 36: TWO MAN SUPPORT CARRY TWO MAN ARMS CARRY TWO PERSON HELP Slide 37: FOUR HAND SEAT CARRY FORE & AFT LIFT CARRY TWO PERSON HELP Slide 38: IMPROVISED STRETCHERS GUNNY BAG BLANKET BELTS Slide 39: SHIRTS GROUND SHEET ROPE IMPROVISED STRETCHERS Slide 40: AIR AMBULANCE Slide 42: Questions Slide 43: Thank you You do not have the permission to view this presentation. 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