Why it makes sense to trust the Bible -

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Why it makes Sense to Trust the Bible : 

Why it makes Sense to Trust the Bible 3. The Evidence of Archaeology

In this Investigation … : 

In this Investigation … We will look to see if the events really happened: Did the people exist? Did the places exist? Did the events happen? What about the content? What else does it say? Is it relevant for me? (Should I be bothered with it?) We will look for evidence from archaeology…

Names found in the Bible : 

Names found in the Bible The Bible contains at least 26 names of foreign kings that are also found in documents and inscriptions of the same time. The spellings of these names are exactly right, apart from small variations that are allowed by the languages The 144 cases of transliteration the names are correct (from Egyptian, Babylonian, Assyrian and Moabite languages) Also names of Hebrews in the foreign writing is the same as spelt in the scriptures The names are exactly right for the time in which they existed

Compare with Egyptian Historian Manetho (280BC) : 

Compare with Egyptian Historian Manetho (280BC) He wrote on the dynasties of the Egyptian kings. 49 names are fine 28 can only partly be recognised 63 are unrecognisable Compared to this, the Bible is amazingly accurate.

Names of Bible Kings : 

Names of Bible Kings Take the spelling of the 40 kings between 2000BC and 400BC. The chances of these being accurate based on chance alone was calculated by Prof Robert Wilson. The chances of this occurring are: 1 in 750,000,000,000,000,000,000,000 The spelling of the Bible names is amazingly accurate.

Historical claims by Luke (author of the books Luke and Acts) : 

Historical claims by Luke (author of the books Luke and Acts) Quirinius was governor (Lk 2:1-3) and Rome did tax people by calling them to the ancestral home. This is correct when compared with history. Publius called “First man on island” of Malta (Acts 28:7). Name and title have been confirmed. 32 countries, 54 cities and 9 islands mentioned without error. Philippi was a meris (district) and had praetors (magistrates)– correct words used. Thessalonica had politarchs (Acts 17:6). Correct.

Slide 7: 

“For Acts the confirmation of historicity is overwhelming…Any attempt to reject its basic historicity must now appear absurd. Roman historians have long taken it for granted.” Roman historian A.N. Sherwin-White

Bible Places have been discovered : 

Bible Places have been discovered Ur (Gen 11:28) – where Abraham came from 2600-2000BC

Arad : 

Arad Num. 21:1, "When the Canaanite, the king of Arad, who lived in the Negev, heard that Israel was coming by the way of Atharim, then he fought against Israel, and took some of them captive." Num. 33:40, "Now the Canaanite, the king of Arad who lived in the Negev in the land of Canaan, heard of the coming of the sons of Israel." "Arad 30 km NE of Beersheba, excavated from 1962 to 1974 by Y. Aharoni and R. B. K. Amiran." (The New Bible Dictionary,

Bethel : 

Bethel Amos 7:12-13 "Then Amaziah said to Amos, "Go, you seer, flee away to the land of Judah, and there eat bread and there do your prophesying! 13 "But no longer prophesy at Bethel, for it is a sanctuary of the king and a royal residence." "W. F. Albright made a trial excavation at Bethel in 1927. Albright then mounted a full excavation in 1934." (Achtemeier, Paul J., Th.D., Harper’s Bible Dictionary)

Capernaum : 

Capernaum Matt. 17:24, "And when they had come to Capernaum, those who collected the two-drachma tax came to Peter, and said, "Does your teacher not pay the two-drachma tax?" "Identified since 1856 with Tell Hum, Capernaum has been sporadically excavated for the past 130 years."  (Achtemeier, Paul J., Th.D., Harper’s Bible Dictionary)

Chorazin : 

Chorazin "Woe to you, Chorazin! Woe to you, Bethsaida! For if the miracles had occurred in Tyre and Sidon which occurred in you, they would have repented long ago in sackcloth and ashes." Matthew 11:21 "Excavations of the now deserted town indicate that it once covered an area of twelve acres and was built on a series of terraces with the basalt stone local to this mountainous region." (Achtemeier, Paul J., Th.D., Harper’s Bible Dictionary)

Dan : 

Dan Judges 18:29, "And they called the name of the city Dan, after the name of Dan their father who was born in Israel; however, the name of the city formerly was Laish." "The excavation of Dan began in 1966 under the direction of Avraham Biran." (Horn, Siegfried H., Biblical Archaeology: a Generation of Discovery; Andrews University, Berrien Springs, Michigan; 1985) Tel Dan has been excavated by A. Biran since 1966. The earliest occupation, probably the full extent of the tell, goes back to about the middle of the third millennium BC" (Achtemeier, Paul J., Th.D., Harper’s Bible Dictionary.)

Ephesus : 

Ephesus Eph. 1:1, "Paul, an apostle of Christ Jesus by the will of God, to the saints who are at Ephesus, and who are faithful in Christ Jesus." "Austrian archaeologists in this century have excavated the 24,000-seat theater and the commercial agora, as well as many other public buildings and streets of the first and second centuries AD, so that the modern visitor can gain some impression of the city as known by Paul. (Achtemeier, Paul J., Th.D., Harper’s Bible Dictionary)

Gaza : 

Gaza Acts 8:26, "But an angel of the Lord spoke to Philip saying, "Arise and go south to the road that descends from Jerusalem to Gaza." Gaza was was excavated by W. J. Phythian-Adams in 1922.  (Achtemeier, Paul J., Th.D., Harper’s Bible Dictionary)

Gezer : 

Gezer Joshua 16:10, "But they did not drive out the Canaanites who lived in Gezer..." R.A.S. MacAlister "directed the Palestine Exploration Fund for many years and conducted extensive excavations at Gezer (1902–1909). (Douglas, J. D., Comfort, Philip W. & Mitchell, Donald, Editors, Who’s Who in Christian History)

Hazor : 

Hazor Joshua 11:1, "Then it came about, when Jabin king of Hazor heard of it, that he sent to Jobab king of Madon and to the king of Shimron and to the king of Achshaph." Jer. 49:48, "Concerning Kedar and the kingdoms of Hazor, which Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon defeated. Thus says the Lord, "Arise, go up to Kedar and devastate the men of the east." "This large Canaanite and Israelite city in upper Galilee was excavated under Yigael Yadin's direction from 1955 to 1958 and from 1968 to 1970." (Horn, Siegfried H., Biblical Archaeology: a Generation of Discovery)

Jericho : 

Jericho Num. 22:1, "Then the sons of Israel journeyed, and camped in the plains of Moab beyond the Jordan opposite Jericho."  "Jericho was the oldest inhabited and fortified city ever excavated." (Horn, Siegfried H., Biblical Archaeology: a Generation of Discovery; Andrews University, Berrien Springs, Michigan; 1985. p. 37)

Joppa : 

Joppa Acts 9:38 “And since Lydda was near Joppa, the disciples, having heard that Peter was there, sent two men to him, entreating him, "Do not delay to come to us." "During excavations of the site of ancient Joppa a thirteenth-century b.c. citadel gate was uncovered..." (Achtemeier, Paul J., Th.D., Harper’s Bible Dictionary)

Nineveh : 

Nineveh 2 Kings 19:36, "So Sennacherib king of Assyria departed and returned home, and lived at Nineveh." Jonah 1:1-2 “The word of the Lord came to Jonah the son of Amittai saying, 2 "Arise, go to Nineveh the great city, and cry against it, for their wickedness has come up before Me." Excavated in from 1845 to 1857 by Austen H. Layard.  (Douglas, J. D., Comfort, Philip W. & Mitchell, Donald, Editors, Who’s Who in Christian History)

Shechem : 

Shechem Gen. 12:6, “And Abram passed through the land as far as the site of Shechem, to the oak of Moreh. Now the Canaanite was then in the land." Gen. 33:18, "Now Jacob came safely to the city of Shechem, which is in the land of Canaan, when he came from Paddan-aram, and camped before the city." "Excavations were carried out at Shechem, first by Austrian-German expeditions in 1913....Excavation of the sacred area revealed a courtyard sanctuary and a later fortress temple dedicated to El-berith "the god of the covenant."  This temple, which was destroyed by Abimelech, the son of the judge Gideon (Judges 9) has provided us with a date of the judges period." (Horn, Siegfried H., Biblical Archaeology: a Generation of Discovery)

Susa : 

Susa Neh. 1:1, "The words of Nehemiah the son of Hacaliah. Now it happened in the month Chislev, in the twentieth year, while I was in Susa the capitol, Esther 1:2 “Now it took place in the days of Ahasuerus, the Ahasuerus who reigned from India to Ethiopia over 127 provinces, 2 in those days as King Ahasuerus sat on his royal throne which was in Susa the capital” Escavations were conducted by Marcel Dieulafoy from 1884 to 1886 (Douglas, J. D., Comfort, Philip W. & Mitchell, Donald, Editors, Who’s Who in Christian History)

People mentioned in the Bible : 

People mentioned in the Bible The Hittites (Gen 23:10) The capital is in Central Turkey and dates from 2000-300BC

People – the Philistines : 

People – the Philistines This carving of an ancient Philistine warrior was found among ruins at Thebes, Egypt. it is dated to around 1200 BC around the time of Joshua. The Bible mentions the Philistines quite a bit, Goliath was a Philistine giant from the city of Gath.

People – the Moabites : 

People – the Moabites The Mesha inscription reports on the deeds of King Mesha of Moab

People – the Ammonites : 

People – the Ammonites Sculpture of an Ammonite King

People – the Amorites : 

People – the Amorites Joshua and the Israelites displaced this nation from Canaan

Other Nations - All Real : 

Other Nations - All Real Assyrians Babylonians Medes and Persians Egyptians Tyre and Sidon Canaanites Syrians Aram Romans Greeks Samaritans Edomites Pharisees Sadduccees Levites

Events : 

Events David Rohl The Bible – From Myth to History Claims that the Bible is factually accurate.

Minor Changes needed to make current timelines fit with the Bible : 

Minor Changes needed to make current timelines fit with the Bible About 200 years in 5000 years (4%)

An Easy Proof of the New Chronology : 

An Easy Proof of the New Chronology Ras-Shamra was destroyed by fire in the 12th year of Akhenaten. Tablet written to Akhenaten about this The tablet describes an eclipse as the sun was setting. Mars was present Calculations show this happened at 6.17pm on May 9th, 1012 BCE This would occur once in 4000 years!

Time of Solomon : 

Time of Solomon Egyptian Palace in Jerusalem. “Up from” the city in 2 Chron 8. Sarcophagi. This was built for Solomon’s Egyptiam wife. Building Projects like Megiddo described in Bible. Time of Riches

Time of Joshua : 

Time of Joshua The Walls of Jericho fit in with new Chronology

Time of the Exodus : 

Time of the Exodus There was a time when the Egyptian dead were not buried – was this the time of the plagues? Asiatic town found near Ramasses at Avaris (Hebrews?) Asiatic male child death near city of Ramasses All from the historian Manetho

The Historian Manetho : 

The Historian Manetho Tutimaos [the pharaoh Dudimose, 13th Dynasty]. “In his reign, for what cause I know not, a blast of God smote us; and unexpectedly, from the regions of the East, invaders of obscure race marched in confidence of victory against our land. By main force they easily seized it without striking a blow; and having overpowered the rulers of the land, they then burned our cities ruthlessly, razed to the ground the temples of the gods, and treated all the natives with a cruel hostility, massacring some and leading into slavery the wives and children of others. Finally, they appointed as king one of their number who name was Salitis..." - Josephus, quoting Manetho in Against Apion, Book 1:14 Was this the plagues?

Digging Up the Asiatics at Avaris : 

Digging Up the Asiatics at Avaris Bones show Asiatics (as Hebrews) Sheep are Asiatic (Jews were shepherds) Palace with 12 pillars (as number of brothers) 12 burial chambers in grounds One is unusual….it is a pyramid. This sounds like……(see next slide)

Meet Joseph : 

Meet Joseph Stature ruined & defaced Red head Throw stick – a symbol of a Asiatic ruler from Palestine/Syria Pale yellow complexion of a northerner Many colours

The Verdict of Archaeology : 

The Verdict of Archaeology The Bible is factually accurate. Names, places and events actually happened No detail has been confirmed to be wrong. There are hundreds and hundreds of examples that are true and real. The Bible is consistently TRUE in every detail that can be proven.

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