Philippine Art

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Philippine Art : 

Philippine Art

Slide 2: 

Missionaries in the Philippines AUGUSTINIANS with Legaspi (Tondo, Malabon, Bulacan, Pampangga, Ilocos, Ilo-ilo, Batangas) 1577 FRANCISCANS (Laguna , Bicol) 1581 DOMINICANS (Pampangga, N. Ecija, N. Vizcaya, Isabella, Batanes, Cagayan ) 1582 JESUITS Fr. Pedro Murillo-Velarde (Rizal, Marikina, Cavite, Makati, Bohol, Cebu, Samar, Leyte) commissioned Nicolas de la Cruz Babay and Francisco Suarez to make the 1st Philippine Map 1609 RECOLLECTS (Palawan, Mindanao) ** 1762 British Occupation of Manila – driven away by a chinese man SON TUA

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Damian Domingo "The First Great Filipino Painter“ AKA Damian Gabor Domingo 1st Filipino to paint his face, the first self-portrait in the Philippines Founder of the Academia de Dibujo y Pintura, the first school of drawing in the Philippines (1821) "Father of Filipino Painting" DATE OF BIRTH1796BIRTHPLACETondo, Manila, PhilippinesWIFE: Lucia CasasCHILDREN: Celedonia, Severo, Anastacio, Feliciana, Agapita, Mariano, Jose, and NicolasaYEAR OF DEATH1834

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Album of Costumes - 4 Volumes of 25 – 30 pages Newberry Library in Chicago ( signature in every page)

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Antonio Malantic: Portrait of Soledad Francia, 1876 Antonio Malantic: Portrait of Inocencia Francia, 1876

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JOSE HONORATO LOZANO the foremost Filipino painter of the 19th century and a disciple of Damian Domingo. The son of the keeper of the Manila Bay lighthouse, Lozano charmingly chronicled the day-to-day life in Intramuros and Binondo.

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Simon Flores y de la Rosa (28 October 1839 - 12 March 1904 ) was one of the most celebrated Filipino painters in the last quarter of the 19th century.

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QUIAZON FAMILYSimon Flores de la Rosa1880

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UP COLLEGE OF FINE ARTS Academia de Dibujo under the direction of Damian Domingo in 1823 Escuela Superior de Pintura, Escultura y Grabado in 1891 UP School of Fine Arts , 1909 931 Calle San Sebastian (now R Hidalgo Street) 1914, six students received their first certificates from UP President Murray Bartlett—Fernando Amorsolo, Domingo Celis, Doroteo Abaya and Narciso Reyes for painting; Horacio Reyes for sculpture; and Lorenzo Tomas Cullell for engraving May 1926, 1001 California Street in Ermita November 1933, it moved to Villamor Hall, now the Supreme Court Building 1948-49 when the University moved to Diliman, Quezon City, the academic unit was first located at the Benitez Hall (now the College of Education) In 1959, the School of Fine Arts was moved to Melchor Hall (College of Engineering), Gonzales Hall (Main Library) In 1991, the college transferred to Bartlett Hall, where it still remains on this day Since its beginnings the school has grown to what we know now as the University of the Philippines College of Fine Arts

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(October 23, 1857 — December 7, 1899) was an Ilocano Filipino painter and a political activist of the Philippine Revolution during the late 19th century. He became one of the first recognized Philippine artists. JUAN LUNA Luna's first tutor was Don Lorenzo Guerero who was so impressed  with his pupil's early work that he persuaded his parents to send him  to Spain to advance his skills.

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La Muerte de Cleopatra, 1881 Juan Luna

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Spoliarium, painted by Juan Luna (oil on canvas) circa 1884.

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La Batalla de Lepanto Autor: Juan Luna NovicioFecha: 1887 Características: 350 x 550 cm

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JUAN LUNA (1857-1899) Las Damas Romanas (Roman Maidens) signed and dated 'Luna Roma 1882' (lower right) oil on canvas 39 3/8 x 67 in. (100 x 170 cm.) ($1,036,925 - $1,296,156) southeast asian modern and contemporary art 30 November 2008 Hong Kong

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Parisian Life, (Interior d'un Cafi) dated in 1892

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Tampuhan. Juan Luna, 1895

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Mi Novia

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Felix Resurreccion Hidalgo y Padilla(1855-1913) is acknowledged as one of the great Filipino painters of the late 19th century His Las virgenes Cristianas expuestas al populacho (The Christian virgins Exposed to the Populace), was awarded the ninth silver medal at the 1884 Exposicion General de Bells Artes in Madrid.

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El Asesinato del Governor Bustamante y su Hijo

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La Barca de Aqueronte, 1887 Felix Resurreccion Hidalgo

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Retrato de Jose Rizal, 1883 Felix Resurreccion Hidalgo

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En La Jardin (1885) Felix Resurreccion Hidalgo La Bella Filipina (1887) Felix Resurreccion Hidalgo

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In 1904, de la Rosa won his first gold medal for Planting Rice, in the St. Louis Exposition. Four years later, in 1908, when the University of the Philippines School of Fine Arts was founded, de la Rosa received a scholarship from the Germinal Cigar Factory to study in Europe as a scholar. He attended the Academie de Julien in Paris and the Academia de Bellas Artes de San Fernando in Madrid -- the school attended by Juan Luna, Felix Resurrecion Hidalgo, and later on Fernando Amorsolo. “Planting Rice”109.2 x 190.6 cm1921oil on canvasNational Museum Collection

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Fabian de la Rosa (May 5, 1869- December 14, 1937) was the brightest name in Philippine painting after Luna and certainly the leading master of genre in the first quarter of the century. Particularly noted for being an outstanding painter of women’s portraits, alongside Juan Luna and his nephews, Pablo and Fernando Amorsolo. “Young Filipina”34.2 x 27.9 cm1928oil on canvasPaulino Que Collection

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Madonna and Child

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Fabian de la Rosa, Pasay Beach, Manila 1892

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Kundiman 1932

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Fernando Amorsolo y Cueto (May 30, 1892 – April 26, 1972) Of all the Filipino artists past and present, none is a popular or as enduring as Fernando Amorsolo (1892-1972). This is understandable, since his themes, mostly genre scenes of a bygone era, are close to the hearts of many Filipinos. Amorsolo was an excellent sketch artist as well as a peerless master of light and color. His signature technique was to backlight his subjects, gently shading them with nuanced color tones and haloing them with an incandescent golden glow. Romanticism suffuses his sun-dappled, nostalgic paintings of peasants planting, village maidens bathing in pristine rivers, and common folk going about their daily chores.

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Fruit pickers under the Mango Tree 1937 25 1/4 x 37 1/2 inches

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Fernando Amorsolo“Ang Macopa” (Still Life)Oil on Board9’ x 9.5’1953Amaryllis Torres Collection

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Made National Artist in Painting in 1976, Victorio C. Edades was the pioneer in modernism in the Philippine art scene. In fact, he is known as the Father of Modern Philippine Painting. A lot of his paintings portrayed the hardships of the working class, using dark and somber colors and bold strokes. Edades joined the University of Santo Tomas in the 1930’s where he stayed on for three decades and became dean of its Department of Architecture. It was he who introduced the Liberal Arts program which led to a Bachelor’s Degree in Fine Arts, a first in the Philippines since art was only taught in vocational schools then. Edades later formed the Triumvirate of Modern Art with Carlos V. Francisco and Galo B. Ocampo, after they produced a mural for the lobby of the Capitol Theater on Escolta Street. This began the growth of mural painting in the Philippines.

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13 MODERNS Victorio Edades Galo B. Ocampo Carlos Francisco (National Artist, 1973) Vicente Manansala (National Artist, 1981) H.R. Ocampo (National Artist, 1991) Cesar Legaspi (National Artist, 1990) Demetrio Diego Diosdado Lorenzo Jose Pardo Ricarte Purugganan Bonifacio Cristobal Arsenio Capili Anita Magsaysay-Ho Victorio C. Edades was the leader of the revolutionary Thirteen Moderns who engaged their classical compatriots in heated debate over the nature and function of art (National Artist, 1976)

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The Builders 1050 x 3670 cm. 1928

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The Sketch. by Victorio Edades Year: 1928.  Medium: Oil on canvas.  Size: 96 x 117cm

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Victorio EdadesUntitledOil on canvas8.75’ x 14. 5’undated (ca. early 80s)Amaryllis Torres Collection

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Victorio Edades, "Untitled“, Charcoal on Paper, 43 x 28 cms., 1974

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Interaction by Edades, Franscisco & G. Ocampo   Year: 1935.  Oil on canvas.  Size: 255 x 271cm.

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Fiesta. Carlos Francisco Year: 1946  Medium: Oil on canvas  Size: 265 x 169cm

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In 1973, Carlos “Botong” Francisco was the second Filipino to receive the title of National Artist in Painting, after Fernando C. Amorsolo. Also known as the Poet of Angono, he single-handedly brought back the art of mural painting in the Philippines and was its most distinguished painter in his time. He was on the forefront of modernist art in the country, and with Victorio C. Edades and Galo B. Ocampo became part of “The Triumvirate” of modern art. His is best known for his historical epics, and one of his favorite subjects is fisherfolk. His images of women came from mythology, history, legend, customs and contemporary life.

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BAYANIHAN Carlos "Botong" Francisco commissioned in 1962 by UNILAB

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Muslim Betrothal 1958 oil on canvas Victor G. Puyat's collection.

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Inside the FEU Chapel. The paintings of the Stations of the Cross Carlos "Botong" Francisco

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Honored as National Artist in Painting in 1981, Vicente S. Manansala is considered the country’s pioneer in Cubism. He was one of the Thirteen Moderns led by Victorio C. Edades, and was one of the Big Three in the modernist movement, along with Cesar Legaspi and H. R. Ocampo. In addition, he formed the group of Neo-Realists together with Romeo Tabuena and Anita Magsaysay-Ho. Manansala developed transparent cubism and his works were done mostly in the figurative mode, reflecting the society and the local environment. He favored the styles of Picasso and Cezanne, and believed that the true beauty of art lay in the process of creating it.

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Manansala, "Nude", Charcoal on paper, 91 x 61 cms., 1972

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Manansala, "Huts", Watercolor, 48 x 71 cms., 1969

Slide 83: 

Pila Pila sa Bigas 1980. Oil on canvas. 51 x 84 inches. From the collection of Paulino Que.

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Market Scene. 1975. Oil on canvas. 39 1/2 x 34 1/4 inches. Private Collection.

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Carabaos. From the Philam Life Collection.

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Jeepney. 1951. Oil. 51 X 59

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Sabungero. 1964. Oil on canvas. 27 1/2 x 35 inches. From the collection of Ambassador and Mrs. J. V. Cruz.

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Still life. 1950. Oil on wood. 24 x 27 inches. From the collection of Mr. and Mrs. Felipe Liao.

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Reclining Mother and Child by Vincente Manansala Year: 1967.  Medium: Oil on masonite.  Size: 59 x 122cm.

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Cesar Legaspi, honored as a National Artist in Visual Arts in 1990, is considered the pioneer of neo-realism in the Philippines. Aside from the monochromatic works in his early years, he exploited the full potential of color in his paintings. A proponent of modern art in the country, Legaspi developed cubism in the Philippine context. He was also identified as one of the Thirteen Moderns, a group of modernists led by Victorio C. Edades whose works went against the conservative academic art of that period.

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Cesar Legaspi - Tides (1987)

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Abstract Oil on Board 46.1 x 23.6 in. / 117 x 60 cm. 1976

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OCAMPO, HERNANDO RUIZ aka H.R. b. Santa Cruz, Manila 28 Apr 1911 d. Caloocan City, 28 Dec 1978. National Artist in Painting. He is the son of Emilio Ocampo and Delfina Ruiz. He married Irene Illovato in 1932, but she died in 1945. His second wife is Cresencia Valenzuela. Recognized as a National Artist in Visual Arts in 1991, Hernando R. Ocampo, also known as H. R. Ocampo, was a leading figure in modern Philippine art. He was a member of the Saturday Group of artists, and was one of the Thirteen Moderns, a group of modernist artists founded in 1938 and led by Victorio C. Edades. He also formed the triumvirate of neo-realists with Vicente S. Manansala and Cesar Legaspi. His artworks were nationalistic and reflected the harsh realities of the country after World War II. However, many of his works also depicted the beautiful Philippine landscape.

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MANGGA AT ISDA One of the few realistic painting of H.R.Ocampo.medium;oil on paper.size 7.8 x 10.8.with authentication paper signed by the Cresensia Ocampo (widow of H.R.)

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SARI MANOK Hernando R. Ocampo Nationality: Filipino. Year: 1953. Medium: Oil on canvas. Size: 109 x 94cm

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Artist H.R. Ocampo ( National Artist for Visual Arts) Title Abstraction Series Medium Oil on Canvas Size 24 x 36 inches Year 1978

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H.R. Ocampo 1976   18" x 24" canvas "Mother and Child"Oil on paper 197222" x 14"

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HR Ocampo, Homage to Diego Silang "A Song for Yevtushenko"H.R. OcampoYear: 1973 Size: 30" x 40"Medium: Oil on Canvas

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The River of Life Galo Ocampo Nationality: Filipino. Year: 1954. Medium: Oil on plywood. Size: 49 x 39cm.

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"Brown Madonna” ni Galo B. Ocampo(1938)

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Pounding Rice

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Born 1914 in Manila. UP Fine Arts under tutelage of Fabian dela Rosa, Amorsolo and Miranda.  In NY at Art Students League and at the Cranbook Academy of Arts.  Winner of numerous awards in local and foreign art competitions.  Exhibited her works in leading Manila galleries.  Extensive travels abroad including Tokyo, Hongkong, Canada, Brazil and Washington.  Well-known works depict figurative abstracts of women at work.  Her nude in charcoal are also bestsellers.  Once ventured into commemorative plate painting on the subject of the Madonna and Child. Broke price records for Asian artists with the phenomenal price paid for her painting at a recent Christie’s Auction in Singapore.

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Fishing Harvest

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Catching Chickens by Anita Magsaysay-Ho (nationality: Filipino).  Year: 1975.

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