present_perfect simple-and-present_perfe...

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By: choem_24h (90 month(s) ago)

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PRESENT PERFECTSIMPLE : 

PRESENT PERFECTSIMPLE

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He has travelled a lot or He’s travelled a lot Form:

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Have you written these books ?

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They haven’t been to school

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SHORT ANSWERS Yes, I / you / we / they / have he/ she / it has No, I / you / we / they/ haven’t he / she/ it hasn’t Have you painted the room ? Has he brushed his teeth ? Yes, we have No, he hasn’t

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Use: We use the present perfect simple to talk about something that happened in the past and has a connection with the present He has had a problem with his computer (It means that he had a problem and it isn’t still fixed)

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When we talk about actions or situations in the past without a definite time He has lost his key When we give information about a recent event Spanish scientists have made important discoveries about cancer

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When we talk about things we have done until now I have painted ten pictures so far When we talk about experiences we have had in life: Have you been to China? No, I haven’t but I’d love to

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With the following time expressions: EVER (alguna vez), NEVER (nunca) Have you ever flown in a hot air balloon? I haver never seen a ghost JUST (acabar de) He has just won a prize

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ALREADY ( positive) (ya), YET ( question, negative) (aún, todavía) I have already made the bed The class hasn’t started yet FOR (durante), SINCE (desde) He has done his homework for half an hour They have worked here since February

PRESENT PERFECT CONTINUOUS : 

PRESENT PERFECT CONTINUOUS

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He has been running for a long time or He’s been running for a long time Form:

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Have they been playing ?

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She hasn’t been having a good time

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SHORT ANSWERS Yes, I / you / we / they / have he/ she / it has No, I / you / we / they/ haven’t he / she/ it hasn’t Have you been cooking? Has he been working? Yes, we have No, he hasn’t

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Use: We use the present perfect continuous to talk about actions or situations that started in the past and are still in progress He has been learning English for five years (He is still learning English) Past Now

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When we talk about actions or situations that have recently stopped but they still have present results You are wet . Yes, It has been raining a lot ! When we talk about repeated actions I have been sending him a lot of messages all day

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With “ How long ” questions How long has she been listening to music? With the following time expressions: -recently -lately -since -for -all day -all morning He has been driving lately I have been drawing since five o´clock What have you been doing recently?

What is the difference between The Present Perfect Continuous … : 

What is the difference between The Present Perfect Continuous …

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and the Present Perfect Simple? They have been reading a book about witches We are interested in the activity, the action has not finished They have read a book about witches We pay attention to the result of the activity. The action has finished

What is the difference between the Present Perfect … : 

What is the difference between the Present Perfect …

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and the Past Simple? He has travelled a lot in his current job This is a past action that comes up to the present. It is not finished He travelled a lot in his previous job This is an action about the past. It is finished

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She has been an invalid all her life She is still alive She was an invalid all her life She is dead

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Present perfect Past simple * We describe past events * We describe past events that have a connection with that finished the present time * Time expressions that * Time expressions that can be used: for, since, just, we use: for, in 2008, yet, before, already, ever, last night, yesterday, never, so far, over the last ago, in April, on Monday few years… in April, at 5.30, when I was a child…

By Ana Concejero : 

By Ana Concejero Pictures taken from http://bancoimagenes.isftic.mepsyd.es/

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