Conservation Of Forests and Wildlife

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Conservation Of Forests And Wildlife Resources:

Conservation Of Forests And Wildlife Resources

The forest is a complex ecosystem consisting mainly of trees that have formed a buffer for the earth to protect life forms. The trees which make up the main area of the forest creates a special environment which, in turn, affects the kinds of animals and plants that can exist in the forest. Forests are ‘biodiversity hot spots’. One measure of the biodiversity of an area is the number of species found there. However, the range of different life forms (bacteria, fungi, ferns, flowering plants, nematodes, insects, birds, reptiles and so on) is also important. One of the main aims of conservation is to try and preserve the biodiversity we have inherited.:

The forest is a complex ecosystem consisting mainly of trees that have formed a buffer for the earth to protect life forms. The trees which make up the main area of the forest creates a special environment which, in turn, affects the kinds of animals and plants that can exist in the forest. Forests are ‘biodiversity hot spots’. One measure of the biodiversity of an area is the number of species found there. However, the range of different life forms (bacteria, fungi, ferns, flowering plants, nematodes, insects , birds, reptiles and so on) is also important. One of the main aims of conservation is to try and preserve the biodiversity we have inherited .

Stakeholders:

Stakeholders We all use various forest produce. But our dependency on forest resources varies . Some of us have access to alternatives, some do not. When we consider the conservation of forests, we need to look at thestakeholders who are – ( i ) the people who live in or around forests are dependent on forest produce for various aspects of their life. ( ii) the Forest Department of the Government which owns the land and controls the resources from forests . ( iii) the industrialists – from those who use ‘ tendu ’ leaves to make bidis to the ones with paper mills – who use various forest produce, but are not dependent on the forests in any one area. (iv) the wild life and nature enthusiasts who want to conserve nature in its pristine form.

Forests in Numbers:

Forests in Numbers Forests cover 31% of total land area.   The livelihoods of 1.6 billion people depend on forests.   Forests provide a home to more than 300 million people worldwide.   The total global trade in forest products was valued at around $379 billion in 2005.   Forests are home to 80% of terrestrial biodiversity.

Importance of Forests:

Importance of Forests

From The Air We Breathe To The Wood We Love:

From The A ir W e B reathe T o T he W ood W e L ove Earth's forests act as the Earth's air purifiers, soaking up large amounts of carbon dioxide absorbed from the atmosphere . A forest can provide three of the ingredients key to a species' survival: water, food, and shelter . Today, the livelihoods of 1.6 billion people depend on forests and almost all forests on Earth are inhabited. Large scale agricultural conversion can have significant impacts on communities dependent on the forest, destroying critical stocks of fuel, fodder, food and building materials.

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Forests have obvious economic significance through the provision of timber and wood. In addition, non-timber products like rubber, cotton, medicinal products, and food represent significant economic value . Recreational acitivities offered by forests include camping, fishing, hiking, sight-seeing, boating, cycling and bird watching. All offer positive health benefits to participants, but can also provide great benefit, including financial reward, to local communities as well as forest authorities.

Deforestation: A Major Problem:

Deforestation: A Major Problem Deforestation is the process whereby natural forests are cleared through logging and/or burning, either to use the timber or to replace the area for alternative uses. 12-15 million hectares of forest are lost each year, the equivalent of 36 football fields per minute .

Forest Conservation:

Forest Conservation Conservation of forest is a national problem so it must be tackled with perfect coordination between forest department and other departments. People's participation in the conservation of forests is of vital importance. So, we must get them involved in this national task. The cutting of trees in the forests must be stopped at all costs. Afforestation or special programmes like Van Mahotsava should be launched on grand scale. The Chipko Movement Villagers surrounding a tree to stop it from being felled

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Celebrations of all functions, festivals should precede with tree-plantation. Cutting of timber and other forest produce should be restricted. Grasslands should be regenerated. Forest conservation Act 1980 should be strictly implemented to check deforestation. Several centres of excellence have been setup and awards should be instituted.

Wildlife:

Wildlife Wildlife traditionally refers to non-domesticated vertebrates, but has come to broadly reference to all wild plants, animals and other organisms . Domesticating wild plant and animal species for human benefit has occurred many times all over the planet, and has a major impact on the environment, both positive and negative . Wildlife can be found in all ecosystems. Deserts, forests, rain forests, plains, grasslands, other areas including the most developed urban sites, all have distinct forms of wildlife. While the term in popular culture usually refers to animals that are untouched by human factors, most scientists agree that wildlife around is impacted by human activities.

Why Is It Important To Save Wildlife?:

Why Is It Important To Save Wildlife?  Wildlife is an important part of ecological community as wildlife play an important rule in the environment . There are several importance of wildlife as wildlife it self is an important character of nature so its conservation is an important obligation for human beings for the sustainability of life on planet earth so there is a comprehensive article on why it is important to save wildlife:

Wildlife Conservation:

Wildlife Conservation

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Wildlife conservation is the practice of protecting endangered plant and animal species and their habitats. Among the goals of wildlife conservation are to ensure that nature will be around for future generations to enjoy and to recognize the importance of wildlife and wilderness lands to humans. Many nations are government agencies dedicated to wildlife conservation, which help to implement policies designed to protect wildlife. Numerous independent nonprofit organizations also promote various wildlife conservation causes.

Projects For Wildlife Conservation:

Projects For Wildlife Conservation Project Tiger Launched in 1973 with nine reserves covering an area of 16,339 sq km., Project Tiger has been extended to 28 reserves in 18 States, encompassing 37,761 sq km. of tiger habitat, with the addition of four new tiger reserves viz. Pakui–Nameri (Arunachal/ Assam: 1206 km2 ), Bori–Satpura (Madhya Pradesh: 1486 km2), Bhadra (Karnataka: 492 km2) and Pench (Maharashtra: 257 km2). Further, eight potential areas in the country have also been identified for subsequent inclusion under “Project Tiger ”. Project Elephant Project Elephant is a Centrally Sponsored Scheme for wildlife conservation aimed at a species that, because of its large rangeland requirements and because of the fragmented range elements, often comes in conflict with human populations . Wildlife Conservation This Division deals with all matters relating to national parks and wildlife sanctuaries not covered by the Project Tiger and the Project Elephant.

The Threats & Problems Affecting Species And Their Survival:

The Threats & Problems A ffecting Species A nd T heir Survival Biologists estimate there are between 5 and 15 million species of plants, animals, and micro-organisms existing on Earth today, of which only about 1.5 million have been described and named. The estimated total includes around 300,000 plant species, between 4 and 8 million insects, and about 50,000 vertebrate species (of which about 10,000 are birds and 4,000 are mammals ). Today, about 23% (1,130 species) of mammals and 12% (1,194 species) of birds are considered as threatened by IUCN. Species loss is compounded by:

Some Wildlife Conservation Programme:

Some Wildlife Conservation Programme

Did You Know?:

Did You K now? The coconut palm is one of the most productive tree species on Earth. At least 200 products can be sourced from it, including food, cooking oil, ropes, cosmetics and house building materials . Trees in tropical forests absorb nearly a fifth of the CO2 released by burning fossil fuels. Tropical forests remove around 4.8 billion tonnes of CO2 emissions from the atmosphere each year. Scientists estimate that more than 50% of the original rainforest cover has been lost since the start of the 20th century. Around 10 million people are employed in forest management and conservation. Brazil has designated more than one fifth of its forest area for protection of culture and way of life for forest-dependent people. Wood energy is the dominant source of energy for over two billion people. Softwood and hardwood actually refer to the structure of the tree rather than how hard the wood is. Some hardwoods, like poplar, are softer than softwoods like pine. 12-15 million hectares of forest are lost each year. Deforestation is responsible for 15% of all greenhouse gas emissions. Tropical forests, where deforestation is most prevalent, hold more than 210 gigatonnes of carbon. 87% of global deforestation occurs in just 10 countries, with Brazil and Indonesia accounting for 51% of emissions from forest loss .

Biology FA-4 Made By: Ananya .H. Nair X-B Submitted To: Mr. Vijay Sharma :

Biology FA-4 Made By: Ananya .H. Nair X-B Submitted To: Mr. Vijay Sharma

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