Isavasya Upanishad -11-20-2016

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Lectures on this ancient advaitic text

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UPANISHADS - INTRODUCTION ANAND S. RAO

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VEDAS COME FROM THE WORD VID OR TO KNOW VEDAS MEAN REVEALED KNOWLEDGE

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FOUR VEDAS • Rig Veda • YajurVeda • SamaVeda • AtharvaVeda

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UPANISHAD – SITTING DOWN NEAR OR AT THE FOOT OF THE TEACHER

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WHY STUDY THE VEDAS OR UPANISHADS

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Jeeva Brahma Aikyam – This Self and the Lord are the Same The Upanishads tell us that there is a Reality underlying life which rituals cannot reach next to which things we see and touch in everyday life are shadows. They teach that this Reality is the essence of every created thing and the same Reality is our Self so that each of us is one with the power that created and sustains the Universe. They testify that this oneness can be realized directly without the mediation of priests or rituals or any of the structures of organized religion not after death but in this life and that this life is the purpose for which each of us has been born and the goal toward which evolution moves. - Eknath Easwaran The Upanishads

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ISAVASYA UPANISHAD

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SHANTHI PATH – PEACE INVOCATION That is Whole this is Whole from the Whole the Whole becomes manifest. From the Whole when the Whole is negated what remains again is the Whole

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SHANTHI PATH – PEACE INVOCATION That is Whole this is Whole from the Whole the Whole becomes manifest. From the Whole when the Whole is negated or removed what remains again is the Whole That is water this is water from the ocean the waves becomes manifest. From the ocean when the wave is negated or removed what remains again is the ocean

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“If all the Upanishads and all the other scriptures happened all of a sudden to be reduced to ashes and if only the first verse in the Isavasya Upanishad were left in the memory of the Hindus Hinduism would live forever” – Mahatma Gandhi

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Isavasya Upanishad • Wave-1: Path of Renunciation – Verse 1 • Wave-2: Path of Action – Verse 2 • Wave-3: Pain and Darkness – Verse 3 • Wave-4: Goal of Life – Verses 4-8 • Wave-5: Knowledge Action – Verses 9-14 • Wave-6: Glory of Immortal Self – Verses 15-17 • Wave-7: Prayer to the Supreme Self – Verse 18

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PATH OF RENUNCIATION –VERSE 1 All this whatsoever moves in this universe itself moving is clothed inhabited or pervaded or enveloped by the Lord. Enjoy nature as the gift from God but with a spirit of renunciation. Do not be attached to them and do not covet the wealth of others.

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‘VAS’ IN ‘VASYAM’ MEANS ‘CLOTHING’ ‘INHABITING’ ‘ENVELOPING’ OR ‘PERVADING THE LORD INHABITS ENVELOPES PERVADES THIS UNIVERSE THE LORD WEARS THIS UNIVERSE AS HIS CLOTHING.

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Renunciation and Detachment 1. Renounce the false notion of ‘Duality’ to enjoy the bliss of ‘oneness’ 2. Renounce the notion of ‘doership’ and ‘enjoyership’ to accept the results of your actions as ‘Prasad’ from the Lord and enjoy the bliss 3. Renounce the multiplicity of ‘names’ and ‘forms’ of the universe to enjoy the bliss of ‘oneness’

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Bhagavad Gita • Bhagavad Gita – III.7: One who begins to control the senses by the mind O Arjuna without attachment and engages his working senses in Karma Yoga is superior • Bhagavad Gita – X.41: Whatever you see – greatness beauty or glory O Arjuna know that to be a bit of my glory.

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PATH OF ACTION –VERSE 2 Only by working or acting this way may you live a hundred years. Thus alone will you work in real freedom. Action never clings to a man following this path. kurvann eveha karmāṇi jij īvi ṣet śata ṁ samāḥ | eva ṁ tvayi n ā ny atheto’s t i na karma lipyate nare ||2||

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Bhagavad Gita 1 1 2 3 4 Selfless performance of actions leading to inner detachment Selfless performance of actions leading to purity of mind Inner detachment leading to renouncing worldly possessions and activities and purity of mind Renounce the notion of doership and realize the non-doer Self 2 3 4

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Why do we do the things we do TEDxYouth

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Fix your mind on Me Only place your intellect in Me then thereafter you shall no doubt live in Me alone Verse 8 If you are unable to fix your mind steadily upon Me then by the ‘Yoga-of-constant- practice’ seek to reach Me O Dhananjaya Verse 9 If you are unable to practice Abhyasa Yoga be you intent on performing actions for My sake doing so you shall attain perfection Verse 10 If you are unable to do even this then taking refuge in Me self- controlled renounce the fruits-of- all-actions Verse 11 Bhagavad Gita Yoga of Devotion 12

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PAIN AND DARKNESS –VERSE 3 Sunless are those worlds and enveloped in blindening gloom to which all those people who are slayers of their own Souls go departing from here. asury ā n āma te lok āh andhena tamas ā vṛt āḥ | t āg ṁs te prety ābhi-gacchanti ye ke c ātma-hano janāḥ ||3||

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DO THEY GO TO HELL AS ENVISIONED BY DANTE IN HIS WORK ON DEVINE COMEDY

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OR ARE THEY BORN IN A DARK WORLD WITHOUT A SUN

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PUTTING DETACHMENT AND SELFLESS ACTION INTO PRACTICE 1. … 2. … 3. …

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FIRST – LET’S AVOID SELFISH ACTIONS REACTIONS

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When someone gets in your way or cuts you off in traffic you get irritated because you think they should not be in your way. Maybe everyone should watch for where you’re going and clear a path zenhabits.net

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When someone doesn’t clean up after themselves you get irritated because you think you’re entitled to everyone acting the way you want them to act being clean and considerate zenhabits.net

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We always think of ‘What is in it for me’ and not ‘What good will it do for someone else’

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When someone irritates you your “self” is angry because they aren’t acting the way you want them to act. You think you’re entitled to quiet entitled to being treated fairly or with respect entitled to have the world behave the way you want it to behave zenhabits.com

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