VIETNAM WAR

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By Nghi Tran and Bradley Albineda

What is Vietnam War?:

What is Vietnam War? The Vietnam War was a military conflict fought primarily in Southern Vietnam from 1959 to 1975 . It was the source of many conflicting political and social opinions. Militarily speaking, the war was the result of North Vietnam and the Vietcong attempting to overthrow the South Vietnamese government.

Who fought in the war?:

Who fought in the war?

What were the reasons for war?:

What were the reasons for war? The US government view American involvement as a way to prevent a communist take over of South Vietnam. This was part of their wider strategy of containment. The North Vietnam government and the Viet Cong were fighting to reunify Vietnam under communist rule. They viewed the conflict as a colonial war.

What did Americans think about the war?:

What did Americans think about the war? The Hawks They saw the war as part of the worldwide struggle against communism. They wanted President Johnson to use all of American manpower and firepower to achieve victory. Hawks wanted a military solution The Doves T he doves saw the war simply as a civil war among the Vietnamese people, conflict in which the US had no business intervening. They charged President Johnson with sacrificing American lives in an undeclared war They called for the withdrawal of American troops

PowerPoint Presentation:

POST VIETNAM WAR AMERICAN AFFECTS

Veterans and Agent Orange:

Veterans and Agent Orange Agent Orange had adverse effect on Veterans. V eterans have increase rates of cancer, and nerve, digestive, digestive, skin and respiratory disorders. Children of Vietnam Veterans Health Alliance was founded by two daughters of Vietnam Veterans -- Heather A. Bowser and Kelly L. Derricks.  Kelly lost her father in 1982 due to Agent Orange related illnesses. She currently suffers from more than thirty unexplained illnesses. Heather was born with several birth defects, including missing her right leg below the knee, several fingers and big toe on her left foot.

Veterans and Homelessness:

Veterans and Homelessness Many veterans were homeless coming back from the war. Statistics concerning the veterans homeless: 47% Vietnam Era , 17 % post-Vietnam 15 % pre- Vietnam. The number of homeless Vietnam-era veterans, is greater than the number of soldiers who died during the war The act 1944 known as the GI Bill provide money, housing and education to the veterans.

Drugs and Alcohol:

Drugs and Alcohol Drugs (marijuana, heroin) and alcohol had negative effects on the lives of the many veterans. Veterans used them to ease stress, to forget what they saw on the battlefield and to cope with the frustration and anguish of not being accepted into society. Drugs and alcohol also hurt their marriage or relationships with others .

Veterans and Stereotypes:

Veterans and Stereotypes V eterans also suffered from negative stereotypes of Vietnam such as psychologically devastated, bitter, homeless and drug addict. Some men were refused employment because they had served in Vietnam and employers considered this evidence of drug addiction.   The people at home had learned and discovered about the war through the media. The media built up a stereotype of the soldier's life. When the soldier returned home, he was confused and annoyed to have seen that his family and friends did not understand what he had experienced and how he had changed .

Post Traumatic Stress Disorder:

Post Traumatic Stress Disorder After returning home , in the process of establishing a personal identity and constructing new values, most veterans had to deal with rejections and criticisms by a non-accepting society.  Many individuals struggled in trying to achieve self-unity which led to PTSD .  Vietnam veterans who experience PTSD have a feeling of helplessness, worthlessness, dejection, anger, depression, insomnia, and a tendency to react to tense situations by using survival tactics.

American women affects:

American women affects Americans worried about the economy falling into another depression. Female labor force at 19 million in 1945 dropped to 17 million by 1947 From 1946-1950 so a drop in marriage below 20 percent. Divorces initially high among retuning veterans. Baby boom of American population grew by 20 million in the 1940’s. Emphasis on traditional sex roles also affected female education. In WWII opened up new opportunities for women to have college degrees. Although this changed on the return of male veterans. Women that graduated fell from 40 percent to 25 percent. In 1946 a booming of suburban homes were built. This was the American dream was to own a house.

American women affects:

American women affects

PowerPoint Presentation:

POST VIETNAM WAR IN VIETNAM

Economy and Destruction:

Economy and Destruction The economy of Vietnam was heavily devastated after the war. Furthermore the rigid economic policies and society, and natural disasters only made it worse The economy in the South between 1954 and 1975 became increasingly dependent on foreign aid.  Interruptions in electric power, the destruction of petroleum storage facilities, and labor shortages led to a slowdown in industrial and agricultural activity.

Reeducation camp:

Reeducation camp Many former military officers and government workers from the former government of South Vietnam were forced to go to reeducation camps from several days to even up to 10 years. Thousands were tortured or abused, 165,000 people died in those camps.

Agent Orange:

Agent Orange Health Effect The Vietnam Red Cross reported as many as 3 million Vietnamese people have been affected by Agent Orange, including at least 150,000 children born with birth defects.

Agent Orange:

Agent Orange Ecological Effects For ten years the US Air Force flew nearly 20,000 herbicide spray missions in order to destroy the forest cover as well as agricultural lands in key areas of southern Viet Nam As a result of the herbicides hundreds of trees species were defoliated and died. The destruction was so great that the terms “ecological warfare” and later ‘ecocide’ were coined to describe it.

Children of the Vietnam War:

Children of the Vietnam War They grew up as the leftovers of the war, straddling two worlds but belonging to neither. Most never knew their fathers. Many were abandoned by their mothers at the gates of orphanages. Schoolmates taunted and pummeled them and mocked the features that gave them the face of the enemy. They lived in the streets and parks of South Vietnam's cities, sustained by a single dream: to get to America and find their fathers.

Vietnam Speculations Toward Americans:

Vietnam Speculations T oward Americans The Vietnam War was the most destructive war in the history of Vietnam. It created a deep division in the heart of Vietnamese people  Despite all the destructions and difficulties there were after the war, Vietnamese people were greatly proud of themselves for defeating off Americans – the number one superpower country in the world, and finally totally gained their independence that they had always been fighting for.

Vietnam War Statistics:

Vietnam War Statistics 9,087,00 military personnel served on active duty from 08/05/1964 to 05/07/1975. 58,148 were killed in Vietnam. 15,000 were severely disabled . 23,214 were 100% disabled . Of those killed, 61% were younger than 21 . Of those killed, 17,539 were married .

Vietnam Veteran Interview:

Vietnam Veteran Interview Daniel Jay Rudroff

Bibliography:

Bibliography ABOUT US."  Children Of Vietnam Veterans Health Alliance . N.p ., n.d. Web. 29 Nov. 2013. "Agent Orange."  Wikipedia . Wikimedia Foundation, n.d. Web. 25 Nov. 2013. Ayers, Edward L., Lewis L. Gould, David M. Oshinsky , and Jean R. Soderlund. American Passages A History of the United States . 3rd ed. New York: Houghhton Mifflin, 2007. N. pag . Print. DiBacco , Thomas V., Lorna C. Mason, and Christian G. Appy . "The Vietnam War (1945-1975)."  History of the United States. Civil War to the Present . Vol. 2. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1992. N. pag . Print. Do, Anh , Tran Phan , and Eugene Garcia. "Camp Z30-D: The Survivors."  Dart Center For Journalism & Trauma . Columbia Journalism School, n.d. Web. 29 Nov. 2013. "Economic History of Vietnam."  Wikipedia . Wikimedia Foundation, 28 Nov. 2013. Web. 30 Nov. 2013. Hammond, Susan. "Environmental Impacts of Agent Orange in Vietnam."  War Legacies Project . N.p ., n.d. Web. 29 Nov. 2013 . Hanson, Marshal, and Scott Beaton. "Vietnam War Facts."  Uswings.com . U.S Wings, n.d. Web. 29 Nov. 2013 .

Bibliography:

Bibliography Hochgesang , Josh, Tracye Lawyer, and Toby Stevenson. "The Psychological Effects of the Vietnam War."  Stanford.edu . N.p ., 26 July 1999. Web. 25 Nov. 2013 . Lamb, David. "Children of the Vietnam War."  Smithsonian Magazine . Smithsonian Magazine, June 2009. Web. 27 Nov. 2013 . La-Le-Lu. "Eve of Destruction."  60s Rock USA, Vol.1 . Sing Like Me! Karaoke, 2013. MP3 . Rudroff , Daniel. "Post Vietnam War Effect." Personal interview. 29 Nov. 2013 . Spector, Ronald H. "Vietnam War."  Encyclopedia Britannica Online . Encyclopedia Britannica, n.d. Web. 29 Nov. 2013."Statistics."  Veterans Inc.  Veteran Inc., n.d. Web. 28 Nov. 2013. Thanh Bình . " Ảnh “ độc ” Về Con Lai Việt – Mỹ Tại VN Sau 1975."  Kiến Thức . Kienthuc.net.vn , 3 June 2013. Web. 27 Nov. 2013 "What Was the Vietnam War?"  Wisegeek.org . WiseGEEK , n.d. Web. 01 Dec. 2013 . " Veterans' Diseases Associated with Agent Orange."  United States Department Of Veterans Affairs . N.p ., n.d. Web. 28 Nov. 2013. "Vietnam War."  Wikipedia . Wikimedia Foundation, 25 Nov. 2013. Web. 30 Nov. 2013. "Vietnam War."  History.com . A&E Television Networks, n.d. Web. 27 Nov. 2013

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