ppt on population growth (ppt by asif mandal)

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analysis of population growth

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Slide 1:

ANALYSIS of POPULATION GROWTH

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INTRODUCTION Population growth An increase in the number of people that reside in a country, state, or city. To determine whether there has been population growth, the following formula is used : Gr=N/t

World Population Events:

World Population Events Time unit Births Deaths Growth ------------------------------------------------- Year 131,571,719 55,001,289 76,570,430 Month 10,964,310 4,583,441 6,380,869 Day 360,470 150,688 209,782 Hour 15,020 6,279 8,741 Minute 250 105 146 Second 4.2 1.7 2.4 -------------------------------------------------

Top 5 countries by population (2018):

Top 5 countries by population (2018) 1 China 1,384,688,986 2 India 1,296,834,042 3 United States 329,256,465 4 Indonesia 262,787,403 5 Brazil 208,846,892

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Population: Historical trends

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Population Growth, 1750-2200:

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EFFECTS OF POPULATION GROWTH POPULATION REDUCES THE RATE OF CAPITAL FORMATION. MORE POPULATION REQUIRE MORE RATE OF INVESTMENT. IT REDUCES PER CAPITA AVAILABILITY OF CAPITAL. ADVERSE EFFECT ON PER CAPITA INCOME. IT CREATES THE PROBLEM OF UNEMPLOYMENT. RAPID POPULATION GROWTH CREATES FOOD PROBLEM. ADVERSE EFFECT ON ENVIRONMENT. RAPID POPULATION DECLINES SOCIAL INFRASTRUCTURE. GROWING POPULATION LOWERS STANDARD OF LIVING. IMPACT ON MATERNITY WELFARE.

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CASE STUDY ON THE EFFECTS 1) REDUCTION IN RATE OF CAPITAL FORMATION : In underdeveloped countries, the composition of population is determined to increase capital formation. Due to higher birth rate and low life expectation in these countries, the percentage of dependents is very high. These population are of non-productive age groups which simply consumes and does not produce anything. 2) REQUIREMENT OF MORE INVESTMENT: In economically backward countries, investment requirements are beyond it’s investing capacity. A rapid growing population increase the requirements of demographic investment which at same time reduce the capacity of the people to save it.

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3) REDUCTION IN PER CAPITA AVAILIBILITY OF CAPITAL: The large size of population also reduce per capita availability of capital in less developed countries. This is true respect of underdeveloped countries where capital is scare and its supply is inelastic. 4) ADVERSE EFFECT ON PER CAPITAL INCOME: Rapid growth of population directly effect per capita income in an economy. Up to ‘income optimizing level’, the growth of population increases per capita income but beyond that it necessarily lowers the same 5) PROBLEM OF UNEMPLOYMENT: Large size of population results in large army of labour force. But due to shortage of capital resources it become difficult to provide gainful employment to entire working population. Unemployment in urban areas are the normal features of an underdeveloped country like India.

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6) POPULATION GROWTH LEAD TO FOOD PROBLEM: Increased population means more mouths to feed which, in turn creates pressure upon available stock of food. This is the reason, the underdeveloped countries with rapid growing population are generally faced with a problem of food storage. Despite all their efforts for raising agricultural production, they are not able to feed their growing population. 7) ADVERSE EFFECT ON ENVIRONMENT : Population explosion leads to environment degradation. Higher birth rate brings more pollution, more toxic wastes and damage to biosphere. Briefly speaking, population explosion hinders the economic development. It should be controlled effectively.

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8) RAPID POPULATION DECLINES SOCIAL INFRASTRUCTURE: A welfare state line India is pledged to meet social needs of the people adequately and for this the government has to spend a lot on providing basic facilities like education, housing and medical aid. But rapid increase in population make burden all the more heavy. 9) EFFECT ON STANDARD OF LIVING : Rapid growth of population accounts far low standard of living. Growth in population leads to increase demand for land. The cost rise which raise the cost of living of the masses. This brings the standard of living low 10) IMPACT ON MATERNITY WELFARE: Population growth is the result of high birth rate. This reduces health and welfare of women. Frequent pregnancy without having a gap in hazardous to the health of mother and child. Thus this leads to high death rate. Hence to improve the social status we have to reduce birth rate.

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POPULATION AGE STRUCTURE

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WAYS TO CONTROL POPULATION GROWTH EMPOWERING WOMEN ADOPTION BETTER MEDICAL FACILITIES EDUCATION AWARENESS PROVIDING INCENTIVES DELAYED MARRIAGES ERADICATE POVERTY OVERALL DEVELOPMENT CONTROLLED MIGRATION

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THANK YOU THE END

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CREDITS DIRECTED BY ASIF MANDAL WRITTEN BY GOOGLE PRODUCED BY SAMSUNG GAXALY S9+ SPONSORED BY ONE PLUS 6 EXECUTIVE PRODUCER APPLE LEAD CAST POPULATION GROWTH SUPPORTING CAST ANIMATIONS PHOTOGRAPHY CHROME PRODUCTION DESIGNER STAN LEE EDITOR DELL LATITUDE E6410 ASSOCIATE PRODUCER MACBOOK AIR COSTUME DESIGNER MICROSOFT THEMES CASTING DIRECTOR XIAOMI PRODUCTION MANAGER MUKESH AMBHANI CHOREOGRAPHER ASIF MANDAL SUPERVISOR STEVE JOBS & BILL GATES SET DECORATOR MARK ZUCKERBERG PRODUCTION COMPANY AM MEDIA PRODUCTIONS EMAIL: asif9404051606@gmail.com PPT BY - ASIF MANDAL

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ASIF MANDAL PRODUCTION

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