Dr A P J Abdul kalam

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A. P. J. Abdul Kalam :

A. P. J. Abdul Kalam By- Amit Verma amitweb007@gmail.com

Inroduction:

Avul Pakir Jainulabdeen Abdul Kalam ( born 15 October 1931) usually referred to as Dr. A. P. J. Abdul Kalam , is an Indian scientist and administrator who served as the 11th President of India from 2002 to 2007. Kalam was born and raised in Rameswaram , Tamil Nadu , studied physics at the St. Joseph's College, Tiruchirappalli , and aerospace engineering at the Madras Institute of Technology (MIT), Chennai . Inroduction amitweb007@gmail.com

Education :

A.P.J.Abdul Kalam school education at the Rameshwaram Elementary School, Kalam went on to attend Saint Joseph's College, Tiruchirappalli . Then he moved to Madras in 1955 to study aerospace engineering where he graduated in physics in 1954 . " I inherited honesty and self-discipline from my father; from my mother, I inherited faith in goodness and deep kindness as did my three brothers and sisters." — A quote from Kalam's autobiography Education amitweb007@gmail.com

Career as scientist:

Kalam joined Aeronautical Development Establishment of Defense Research and Development Organization (DRDO) as a scientist in a 1960. Kalam started his career by designing a small helicopter for the Indian Army , but remained unconvinced with the choice of his job at DRDO . Kalam was also part of the INCOSPAR committee working under Vikram Sarabhai , the renowned space scientist.In 1969, Kalam was transferred to the Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) where he was the project director of India's first indigenous Satellite Launch Vehicle ( SLV -III) which successfully deployed the Rohini satellite in near earth orbit in July 1980. Career as scientist amitweb007@gmail.com

Career as scientist:

Kalam first started work on an expandable rocket project independently at DRDO in 1965. In 1969, Kalam received the government's approval and expanded the program to include more engineers In 1963–64, he visited Nasa's Langley Research Center in Hampton Virginia , Goddard Space Flight Center in Greenbelt, Maryland and Wallops Flight Facility situated at Eastern Shore of Virginia . Career as scientist amitweb007@gmail.com

Presidency:

Kalam served as the 11th President of India , succeeding K. R. Narayanan . He won the 2002 presidential election with an electoral vote of 922,884, surpassing 107,366 votes won by Lakshmi Sahgal . He served from 25 July 2002 to 25 July 2007 . At the end of his term, on 20 June 2007, Kalam expressed his willingness to consider a second term in office provided there was certainty about his victory in the 2007 presidential election . Presidency amitweb007@gmail.com

Future India: 2020:

In his book India 2020 , Kalam strongly advocates an action plan to develop India into a knowledge superpower and a developed nation by the year 2020. He regards his work on India's nuclear weapons program as a way to assert India's place as a future superpower. Kalam continues to take an active interest in other developments in the field of science and technology. He has proposed a research program for developing bio-implants . He is a supporter of Open Source over proprietary solutions and believes that the use of free software on a large scale will bring the benefits of information technology to more people. Future India: 2020 amitweb007@gmail.com

Awards and honours:

Doctor of Laws ( Honoris Causa )- (2012) IEEE Honorary Membership – (2011) Doctor of Engineering – (2010) Ramanujan Award- (2000) Indira Gandhi Award for National Integration- (1997) Bharat Ratna –(1997) Padma Vibhushan -(1990) Padma Bhushan - (1981) Honorary Doctorate of Science- (2007) Veer Savarkar Award- (1998) Awards and honours amitweb007@gmail.com

Books:

Developments in Fluid Mechanics and Space Technology India 2020: A Vision for the New Millennium Wings of Fire (Autobiography) Ignited Minds The Luminous Mission India Inspiring Thoughts Indomitable Spirit You Are Born To Blossom: Take My Journey Beyond Turning Points Books amitweb007@gmail.com

Great thanks :

“My first stage, in which I learnt leadership from three great teachers— Dr. Vikram Sarabhai, Prof. Satish Dhawan and Dr. Brahm Prakash . This was the time of learning and acquisition of knowledge for me…” -A . P. J. Abdul Kalam Great thanks amitweb007@gmail.com