UNIVERSAL precautions

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Universal Precautions - Training Video of SVINNS

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Slide 1:

Standard Precautions Blood borne Pathogens Swami Vivekanand Regional Spine Centre, Bhopal

What are Standard Precautions? :

What are Standard Precautions? Methods of control to protect employees from exposure to all human blood and other potentially infectious materials Swami Vivekanand Regional Spine Centre, Bhopal

:

It is fairly safe to consider that all human blood and certain human fluids are infectious for all blood borne pathogens. The Golden Rule Perform all tasks using safe work practices Use appropriate personal protective equipment. Swami Vivekanand Regional Spine Centre, Bhopal

Most risky blood borne pathogens :

Most risky blood borne pathogens Hepatitis B virus (HBV) Hepatitis C virus (HCV) Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) Swami Vivekanand Regional Spine Centre, Bhopal

Slide 5:

Hepatitis B vaccination is recommended for all health care workers. No vaccine exists to prevent HCV or HIV infection Swami Vivekanand Regional Spine Centre, Bhopal

Most Common Route of Exposure:

Most Common Route of Exposure Sharps Lancets Broken Glass Needles Swami Vivekanand Regional Spine Centre, Bhopal

Who is at risk for sharps injury?:

Who is at risk for sharps injury? Workers performing fingerpricks Lab workers Housekeepers/janitorial staff Medical waste contractor Swami Vivekanand Regional Spine Centre, Bhopal

Practices that increase the risk of a sharps injury:

Practices that increase the risk of a sharps injury Recapping needles Transferring a body fluid between containers Opening blood tubes Failing to dispose of used sharps properly in a puncture-proof sharps container Swami Vivekanand Regional Spine Centre, Bhopal

Protection from occupational exposure to blood and sharps injuries :

Protection from occupational exposure to blood and sharps injuries Assume all blood and body fluids to be infectious Always use safe work practices, required Personal Protective Equipment, and safety devices Swami Vivekanand Regional Spine Centre, Bhopal

Protection from occupational exposure to blood and sharps injuries :

Protection from occupational exposure to blood and sharps injuries Do not eat, drink or apply cosmetics in the work area Avoid the use of needles and lancets if safe and effective alternatives are available Swami Vivekanand Regional Spine Centre, Bhopal

Standard precautions barrier protection. :

Standard precautions barrier protection. Gloves must be worn when: Handling blood, tissues, body fluids or items contaminated with blood or body fluids including specimen containers, laboratory instruments, counter tops, etc. Performing venipuncture , changing gloves and washing hands between each patient. Worker's hands are abraded or active dermatitis is present. Gloves will be replaced as soon as possible when contaminated, before touching non-contaminated items or surfaces. Always wash hands with soap and water, for at least 15 seconds, following the removal of gloves or use an alcohol based hand rub solution. Swami Vivekanand Regional Spine Centre, Bhopal

Barrier Protection:

Barrier Protection 4 . To protect the mucus membranes, masks and eye protection, face shields splashguards or safety cabinets must be used if splashing or spraying of blood or body fluid is anticipated . 5. All lab coats, gloves, and other personal protective equipment must be removed prior to leaving the work area . 6. Soiled gloves, masks and other disposable personal protective equipment will be discarded into red bag-lined receptacles or autoclave buckets after use. Swami Vivekanand Regional Spine Centre, Bhopal

Protect Yourself (continued) :

Protect Yourself (continued) Help your employer select and evaluate devices with safety features that reduce the risk of sharps injuries Use devices with safety features provided by your employer Plan for safe handling and disposal of any sharps and other infectious waste before using them Promptly dispose of used sharps in appropriate sharps disposal containers Report all occupational exposures promptly to ensure that you receive appropriate follow-up care Swami Vivekanand Regional Spine Centre, Bhopal

Protect Yourself (continued) :

Protect Yourself (continued) Tell your employer about real or potential hazards you observe Participate in training related to infection prevention Get a Hepatitis B vaccination Swami Vivekanand Regional Spine Centre, Bhopal

Safe Work Habits for HIV Testing Providers :

Safe Work Habits for HIV Testing Providers Place all contaminated waste in an appropriately labeled container and transport in a leak proof, puncture-proof outer container Disinfect all work surfaces and items before and after testing with 10% bleach solution or pollution control board approved disinfect Swami Vivekanand Regional Spine Centre, Bhopal

Slide 16:

Thank You Swami Vivekanand Regional Spine Centre, Bhopal

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