Functions of HRM : Functions of HRM Conducting job analyses (determining the nature of each employee's job) Planning labor needs and recruiting job candidates
Selecting job candidates
Orienting and training new employees
Managing Wages and Salaries (how to compensate employees) Providing incentives and benefits
Appraising performance and Communicating (interviewing, counseling, disciplining) Functions of HRM (Cont.) : Functions of HRM (Cont.) Training and developing
Building employee commitment
Equal opportunity and affirmative action
Employee health and safety
Grievances and labor relations WHAT ARE THE HRM ACTIVITIES? : WHAT ARE THE HRM ACTIVITIES? Organizational, work, and job design
Recruitment and Selection
Training and Development
Occupational health and safety
Employee and labour relations Importance of HRM functions : Importance of HRM functions As managers none of us would like to make the following mistakes.
To hire the wrong person for the job
To experience high turnover
To find our people not doing their best
To waste time with countless and useless interviews
To have our company sued for our discriminatory actions. Importance of HRM functions (Cont.) : Importance of HRM functions (Cont.) To be quoted under bad example of unsafe practices
To have some of your employees think their salaries are unfair and inequitable relative to others in the organization
To allow a lack of training to undermine your department's effectiveness
To commit any unfair labor practices Personnel Management : Personnel Management Standard definition given by experts of personnel management
“ It is that phase of management which deals with the effective control and use of manpower as distinguished from other sources of power.” Personnel Functions : Personnel Functions 1. The procurement function- obtaining of a proper kind and number of personnel necessary to accomplish an organization’s goals
2. The development function- personnel development of employees, training
3. The compensating function- securing adequate and equitable remuneration to personnel
4. The Integration function- an “integration” of human resources with organization through job enlargement, job evaluation, variable compensation plans, disciplinary action programme’\s.
5. The maintenance function- maintaining the physical conditions of employees (health and safety measures) and employee service programmes PM vs HRM : PM vs HRM There are two school of opinions prevailing between the difference between both.
Some experts assert that there is no difference between human resources and personnel management. They state that the two terms can be used interchangeably, with no difference in meaning.
For those who recognize a difference between personnel management and human resources, the difference can be described as philosophical. Definition : Definition Personnel Management - Personnel Management is basically an administrative record-keeping function, at the operational level. Personnel Management attempts to maintain fair terms and conditions of employment, while at the same time, efficiently managing personnel activities for individual departments etc. It is assumed that the outcomes from providing justice and achieving efficiency in the management of personnel activities will result ultimately in achieving organizational success.
Human Resource Development - Human resource management is concerned with the development and implementation of people strategies, which are integrated with corporate strategies, and ensures that the culture, values and structure of the organization, and the quality, motivation and commitment of its members contribute fully to the achievement of its goals. Main Differences between Personnel Management and HRM : Main Differences between Personnel Management and HRM Personnel management is workforce centered, directed mainly at the organization’s employees; such as finding and training them, arranging for them to be paid, explaining management’s expectations, justifying management’s actions etc. While on the other hand, HRM is resource –centered, directed mainly at management, in terms of devolving the responsibility of HRM to line management, management development etc.
Personnel Management is basically an operational function, concerned primarily with carrying out the day-to day people management activities. While on the other hand, HRM is strategic in nature, that is, being concerned with directly assisting an organization to gain sustained competitive advantage.
HRM is more proactive than Personnel Management. Whereas personnel management is about the maintenance of personnel and administrative systems,
HRM is about the forecasting of organizational needs, the continual monitoring and adjustment of personnel systems to meet current and future requirements, and the management of change. HUMAN RESOURCE DEVELOPMENT : HUMAN RESOURCE DEVELOPMENT “ Human resource development refers to the process whereby the employees are continuously helped in a planned way to
Acquire or sharpen capabilities required to perform various tasks associated with their present/future expected roles.
Develop their general capabilities as individuals so that they are able to discover and exploit their own inner potential for their own and/or organizational development purpose.
Develop an organizational work culture where: superior-subordinate relationships, team work and collaboration among different units are strong and contribute to the professional well-being, motivation and pride.” HRD vs HRM : HRD vs HRM Slide 14: FOR MORE USEFUL EDUCATIONAL PRESENTATIONS AND TECHNOLOGICAL DOCUMENTATIONS LIKE THESE