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Edit Comment Close Premium member Presentation Transcript Ancient Egypt: Ancient Egypt By Amanda Block Economics: Economics How to feed the people?Slide3: Farming Barley Beer Dates Melon Wheat Bread Soup Porridge A field of WheatSlide4: Meat Beef Mutton Duck Goose No pigs This is a sculpture of an Egyptian with cows Military: Military How to protect the people?Slide6: Army Weapons Bronze-tipped spears Wood shields with ox- hide Chariots with horses for the Pharaohs A Pharaoh in a chariot pulled by a horseSlide7: Army Allies and Enemies Greeks helped with the army- they fought for the Egyptian side The Egyptians were against Libyans, Nubians and Hyksos The enemies found that Egypt was hard to invade due to the surrounding deserts A carving of Egyptian enemies who have been decapitated Government: Government How to govern the people?Slide9: Pharaoh In charge of everything in the civilization Most powerful person in Egypt Political and religious leader Lord of the Two Lands High Priest of Every Temple A sculpture of a PharaohSlide10: Religious The Pharaoh represented the g-ds and g-ddesses on Earth He performed rituals to the g-ds and g-ddesses He built temples to honor them An Egyptian frieze of g-ds and g-ddessesSlide11: Political The Pharaoh owned all land in the civilization Ruler of Upper and Lower Egypt Made all laws Collected taxes A frieze of Egyptian workersSlide12: War Pharaohs went to war when: The land they ruled was being threatened by another land They wanted to control foreign lands When the Pharaoh won, the “conquered people” had to recognize the Pharaoh as their ruler Rameses III conquering the Libyans Law and Courts: Law and Courts How to settle disputes between the people?Slide14: Pharaoh Head of the legal system in Ancient Egypt Ma’at Law Proclaiming Law Justice Delivering Justice Morality Maintaining law and order The g-ddess Ma’at, who represented the concept of Ma’atSlide15: Many Legal Codes have not survived Common Sense Reaching an agreement or resolution Right and Wrong Men and Women are equals All social classes except slaves are equal An Ancient Egyptian legal code that did surviveSlide16: Kenbet- council of elders Rulings in court cases Small claims Minor Disputes Ability to enforce law was limited- the Pharaoh was always in charge A carving of a PharaohSlide17: Punishments Serious Crimes Death Decapitation Drowning Minor Crimes Fines Beatings Facial Mutilation Exile A form of punishment- lifting sand bagsWriting: Writing How to communicate ideas and information? Slide19: Record and Communicate Information Scribes Papyrus scrolls Religion Government A portion of an Egyptian papyrus scrollsSlide20: Rosetta Stone Egyptian Hieroglyphic Important Religious Documents Demotic Common Script Greek Greek Writing Used by rulers of Egyptian time The Rosetta StoneReligion: Religion How to organize the spiritual life of people?Slide22: G-ds and G-ddesses Peace Harmony Creation Flood Protection An Egyptian g-dSlide23: After Life G-ds and g-ddesses took care of Egyptians in after life Very important Tombs Items put in They would be there for after life A picture found in a tombArt: Art How to symbolize the values and ideals of the people?Slide25: Art- Stone was carved, then painted over Carvings Paintings Daily Life Temples being built Big Battles Tombs- filled with drawings A sculpture of Rahotep and NefretSlide26: Art Government Religious Temples Tombs Filled with art to guide the dead to the after life A drawing found in an Egyptian tomb Architecture: Architecture How to project the spirit and power of the civilization in its structures and temples?Slide28: Pyramids Built for tombs of Pharaohs and Queens Different shapes and sizes Giza- the three most famous pyramids were built Great Pyramid- built for Pharaoh Khufu The three Great Pyramids of GizaSlide29: Temples The homes of the g-ds and g-ddesses Built using stone Walls covered with art- carved and painted Scenes showed Pharaohs: Fighting in battles Performing rituals to the g-ds and g-ddesses An Egyptian temple Technology: Technology What were a few of the most significant technological accomplishments and breakthroughs?Slide31: Nature Flooding Records kept Nilometer- measured the height of the Nile flood Calendars of when floods occurred or were going to occur An Egyptian NilometerSlide32: Farming Shadufs Irrigation pumps that were hand- powered. They moved water from the Nile River to the farms in the desert. An Egyptian ShadufSlide33: Engineering and Geometry Pythagorean Theorem The Egyptians used this before Pythagoras was born Temples Pyramids In line with the stars PyramidsThe EndI hope you learned a lot about Ancient Egypt!: The End I hope you learned a lot about Ancient Egypt! You do not have the permission to view this presentation. In order to view it, please contact the author of the presentation.