COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGIES IN INDIA

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COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGIES IN INDIA : 

COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGIES IN INDIA

INTRODUCTION : 

INTRODUCTION The Indian Telecommunication Industry,is third largest in the world. Second largest in terms of wireless connections. About 525 million mobile connections as of Dec.2009. Expected to reach ‘billion plus’ mobile users by 2015. India’s Telecom Network will Overtake China’s in the next 10 years.

HISTORY : 

HISTORY INTRODUCTION OF TELEGRAPH Started in 1850,the first electric telegraph line between Kolkata(Calcutta) and Diamond Harbor. In 1854 Telegraph facilities were opened to the public. INTRODUCTION OF TELEPHONE In 1881 The Oriental Telephone Company Limited of England opened Telephone Exchanges at Kolkata(Calcutta),Mumbai,Chennai(Madras) and Ahmedabad. 28 January 1882,Red Letter Day in the history of telephone in India as Major E.Baring,member of the Governor General of India’s Council declared open the Telephone Exchange in Kolkata,Chennai and Mumbai.

MODERN GROWTH IN LANDLINE AND WIRELESS TELEPHONES : 

MODERN GROWTH IN LANDLINE AND WIRELESS TELEPHONES Until Recently,only BSNL and MTNL were allowed to provide Basic Phone Service through Copper wires in India. However,Private Operators like Vodafone,Bharti Airtel,Tata Indicom,Idea Cellular,Aircel and Loop Mobile have also entered the fray. India has opted for both GSM and CDMA technologies. The calls across INDIA are one of the cheapest in the world. INTERNET AND BROADBAND Internet Penetration is one of the lowest in the world. Current Definition of Broadband in India is 256 Kbit/s. Total broadband connections in the country have reached 8.03 million comprising 6% of the population. BSNL,Tata Teleservices,Airtel,Reliance Communication are the major ISPs in India.

HIGHLY GROWING CELLULAR BUSINESS IN INDIA : 

HIGHLY GROWING CELLULAR BUSINESS IN INDIA Telephone Subscribers (Wireless and Landline): 562.21 million (Dec 2009) Cellphones: 525.15 million (Dec 2009) Land Lines: 37.06 million (Dec 2009) Broad Band Subscription: 7.83 million (Dec 2009) Monthly Cellphone Addition: 19.20 million (Dec 2009) Teledensity: 47.89% (Dec 2009) Projected teledensity: 893 million, 64.69% of population by 2012.

BROADCASTING : 

BROADCASTING Radio Broadcast Stations:AM 153,FM 91,Shortwave 68(1998) Radios:116 million(1997) Television Terrestrial Broadcasting Stations:562 Television:110 million(2006) In India,only Doordarshan,is allowed to broadcast terrestrial television signals. However,there are no regulations against ownership of satellite dish antennas or operation of cable television systems which led to an explosion of viewership channels,led by Star TV group and Zee TV. In the late 1990s,many current affairs and news channels sprouted ,some of the notable ones are Aaj Tak,STAR News,CNN-IBN etc.

NEXT GENERATION NETWORKS : 

NEXT GENERATION NETWORKS MOBILE NUMBER PORTABILITY(MNP) Allows users to retain their numbers,while shifting to a different service provider. But has been postponed in metros and category ‘A’ service areas. INTERNATIONAL Nine Satellite earth stations-8 Intelsat and 1Inmersat. Nine Gateway exchanges operating from different Indian cities. SUBMARINE CABLES LOCOM linking Chennai to Penang,Malaysia. INDIA-UAE Cable linking Mumbai to Al Fujayrah,UAE. Fibre-Optic Link Around the Globe(FLAG) with a landing site at Mumbai(2000).