South Africa

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Largest continent to smallest continent? 1. Asia 2. Africa 3. North America 4. South America 5. Antarctica 6. Europe 7. Australia

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Map of Africa

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South Africa began on April 6, 1652, Jan van Riebeeck on behalf of the Dutch East India Company Cape of Good Hope Yon vo ribeek 17th and 18th centuries , the slowly expanding settlement was a Dutch possession. to ease Cape labour shortages slaves were imported from Indonesia, Madagascar, and India . Descendants(children) of these slaves, who often married with Dutch settlers, were later classified as Cape Coloureds and "Cape Malays“.

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Map of South Africa Great Britain seized the Cape of Good Hope in 1797 discovery of diamonds in 1867 and gold in 1886 encouraged economic growth and immigration

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Apartheid or racial segregation in South Africa began in colonial times under Dutch rule. racial groups :"black", "white", " coloured “ and "Indian" 1990 President Frederik Willem de Klerk began negotiations to end apartheid culminating in multi-racial democratic elections in 1994, won by the African National Congress under Nelson Mandela (was the seventh and last State President of apartheid-era South Africa)

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Nelson Mandela, the former South African president whose stubborn defiance survived 27 years in prison and led to the dismantling of the country's racist and brutal apartheid system, has died. Mandela was 95 years old. Thabo Mbeki Kgalema Motlanthe Jacob Zuma

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Meaning of Country's name South Africa takes its name from its geographical location on the continent of Africa Largest Cities Johannesburg, Cape Town, Durban, Soweto, Pretoria, Port Elizabeth Capital Pretoria (executive) ฝ่ายบริหาร Bloemfontein (judicial) ในทางศาล Cape Town (legislative) ในทางนิติบัญญัติ Population 49,320,000 Money Currency Rand (ZAR)

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1. Table Mountain in Cape Town is believed to be one of the oldest mountains in the world. 2. South Africa is the second largest exporter of fruit in the world. 3. South Africa is rated 3rd in the world in supplying safe, drinkable tap water. South Africa is the second largest exporter of fruit in the world. The Palace of the Lost City resort hotel is the largest theme resort hotel in the world as well as the largest building project undertaken in the southern hemisphere. Cape Town, South Africa

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South Africa has the cheapest electricity in the world. The Tugela Falls is the second highest waterfall in the world, where the water tumbles down 2,789 feet (850 meters height). First place goes to the Angel Falls in Venezuela at 3,212 feet (979 meters height). * Niagara Falls = 670 meters

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Blyde River Canyon is the third largest canyon in the world - and the largest green one. The Grand Canyon in the U.S. is the biggest, and the Fish River Canyon in Namibia the second, but both are very dry. canyon ( ravine ra vin )=a deep gorge, typically one with a river flowing through it

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South Africa is the world's largest producer of macadamia nuts. South Africa is the world's leader in mining and minerals. It has nearly 90% of the platinum metals on earth, 80% of the manganese, 73% of the chrome, 45% of the vanadium and 41% of the gold. South Africa is the first country in Africa to host the prestigious FIFA World Cup (will take place in 2010).

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Dr. Christiaan Barnard, at Groote Schuur Hospital in Cape Town, performed the first human heart transplant in the world in 1967. He was also the first to do a "piggyback" transplant in 1971, and he was the first to do a heart-lung transplant.

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Flag Of South Africa >> Yellow - a symbol of generosity and for the natural resources i.e. gold White - peace and honesty and the people of European origin Red - hardiness, bravery, strength & valour and for bloodshed Blue - vigilance, truth and loyalty, perseverance & justice and the open blue skies Green - hope, joy and love and for the land Black - Determination and the black population The 'Y' symbolizes the merging nationalities - i.e. unity The flag was designed by the South African State Herald, Mr Fred Brownell The South African national flag of the Republic of South Africa was adopted on April 26th 1994

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Tourist Attractions

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Cape Town It's an awesome city. Cultural Attractions can't detract from the fact that what makes Cape Town special is the fact that it ’s set in one of the most beautiful places on earth

Durban:

Durban High up on the east coast, Durban is South Africa's sub-tropical beach getaway. The city centre overlooks a long, golden beach that is probably the single most culturally diverse spot in Africa.

Eastern Cape:

Eastern Cape The Eastern Cape is South Africa's second largest and most diverse province. It's a great sun, sand and sea destination with a coastline that runs from temperate rocky shores in the south to sub-tropical beaches in the north.

Northern Cape:

Northern Cape The Northern Cape is South Africa's biggest and least densely populated province. Consisting mostly of Karoo semi-desert and Kalahari thirstland, it's all about wide open spaces, big skies and immense distances.

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Famous South Africans

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Festivals !!

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The Cherry Festival is the older crop Festival in South Africa and has been Celebrated annually during the third week of November.

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Cheese Festival ! Cheese Festival usually begin in April at Franschhoek,Western Cape. Thousands of Cheese enthusiasts gather on a local wine farm to enjoy a feast of cheese.

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South African Food & Wine festival usually begin in July at Grayhaven Winery in Gum spring, Virginia.

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Food of South Africa The braai or barbecue porridge of south Africa staple food of south Africa melktert (milk tart)

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