breastfeeding

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Presentation Transcript

Brest feeding : 

Brest feeding Ahmad.s

Out line: : 

Out line: How does the milk produced. What is the colostrums. What is the different between milks. Benefits of the breastfeeding for infant. Benefits of the breastfeeding for mother. Risks of artificial feeding. Nursing intervention. Weaning. Summary.

How does the milk get produced? : 

How does the milk get produced? The amount of milk produced depends on how often the baby suckles. When you feed the baby, the suckling motion causes hormones to be released into the bloodstream from the pituitary gland in the brain. The hormones released are oxytocin and prolactin. Oxytocin causes the mammary glands in the mothers' breast to contract, so milk is released and flows to the baby.

Colostrum : 

Colostrum Property Antibody-rich Many white cells Purgative Growth factors Vitamin-A rich Importance protects against infection and allergy protects against infection clears meconium; helps prevent jaundice helps intestine mature; prevents allergy, intolerance reduces severity of some infection (such as measles and diarrhoea); prevents vitamin A-related eye diseases

Summary of differences between milks : 

Summary of differences between milks

Benefits of breastfeeding for the infant : 

Benefits of breastfeeding for the infant Provides superior nutrition for optimum growth. Provides adequate water for hydration. Protects against infection and allergies. Promotes bonding and development.

Breastfeeding reduces the risk of chronic disease : 

Breastfeeding reduces the risk of chronic disease

Breastfeeding decreases the risk of allergic disorders – a prospective birth cohort study : 

Breastfeeding decreases the risk of allergic disorders – a prospective birth cohort study

Breastfeeding has psychosocial and developmental benefits : 

Breastfeeding has psychosocial and developmental benefits Breastfeeding increase psychosocial and increase developmental rate.

Benefits of breastfeeding for the mother : 

Benefits of breastfeeding for the mother Protects mother’s health helps reduces risk of uterine bleeding and helps the uterus to return to its previous size reduces risk of breast and ovarian cancer Helps delay a new pregnancy Helps a mother return to pre-pregnancy weight

Risks of artificial feeding : 

Risks of artificial feeding  Interferes with bonding  More diarrhoea and respiratory infections  Persistent diarrhoea  Malnutrition Vitamin A deficiency  More likely to die  More allergy and milk intolerance  Increased risk of some chronic diseases  Overweight  Lower scores on intelligence tests  May become pregnant sooner  Increased risk of anaemia, ovarian and breast cancer

Benefits of breastfeeding for the family : 

Benefits of breastfeeding for the family Better health, nutrition, and well-being Economic benefits breastfeeding costs less than artificial feeding breastfeeding results in lower medical care costs

Benefits of breastfeeding for the hospital : 

Benefits of breastfeeding for the hospital Warmer and calmer emotional environment No nurseries, more hospital space Fewer neonatal infections Less staff time needed Improved hospital image and prestige Fewer abandoned children Safer in emergencies

How do you know if the baby is getting enough milk? : 

How do you know if the baby is getting enough milk? the baby wets six to eight nappies a day. the baby gains 100-200g each week (around 400-800g each month). the baby drinks as often as every two to three hours (around 8-12 times a day). the baby looks normal, has a nice colour and smooth skin, reacts normally, is strong and moves normally.

Slide 15: 

If the baby is gaining weight properly and wets the right number of nappies every day there is no need to worry, even if he or she wants to be fed often. All babies are different and some have a greater need for feeding and contact. Many new mothers are worried in case they don't have enough milk. The amount of milk is not dependent on the size of your breasts, as both small and large breasts contain almost the same amount of mammary glands.

Nursing intervention : : 

Nursing intervention : For mother and infant: Teach the mother about breastfeeding and answer her question . Teach the infant to suck the breast. Breast Feed For Minimum Six Months. No medicine during breastfeeding only save medicine after described by doctor. Measure the infant weight and till his mother the normal increasing rate. Early Weaning May Create Health Hazards For Baby. Should be gradually weaning.

Slide 17: 

baby should be positioned Your baby should be positioned so that he doesn’t have to turn his head to feed from your breast. This will require you to tilt his hips toward you and support his back so that he stays fairly straight. You must hold your breast firmly in one hand while using the other hand to guide the baby to your breast. Feeding And Alcohol Is A Bad Idea. Remember that everything you put into your body winds up in your breast milk. Solve any problem related to breast.

Weaning: : 

Weaning: Gradually cutting back the number of times you breastfeed during the day till stop. Use the weaning method as needed.

summary : 

summary Breast feeding very important to the infant and his mother. Breast feeding increase growth and development rate. Breast feeding increase immunity for the baby. breast feeding improve psychosocial states.

Referenced: : 

Referenced: The nursing mother’s companion. The Breastfeeding Answer Book. Your Amazing Newborn. www.breastfeeding.com. www.Net.doctor.co.uk