TWI Program : Job Safety (JS) by Operational Excellence Consulting

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Presentation Description

Based on the TWI instructional model, the Job Safety (JS) program creates a simple and logical framework by which supervisors can prevent accidents from happening—by learning how to analyze the causes of accidents and eliminating them before they happen. In addition to physical causes, JS emphasizes the role in which people’s feelings and attitudes contribute to accidents. Moreover, it stresses that the relationship of the supervisor and employees plays a pivotal role in a safe and environmentally responsible workplace. LEARNING OBJECTIVES 1. Improve Job Safety based on the 4-Step method for JS 2. Perform a Job Safety breakdown 3. Give proper Job Safety instruction 4. Learn how to spot and avoid hazards 5. Understand a Supervisor’s major safety responsibilities CONTENTS Introduction to TWI - JS Definition of a Supervisor 5 Basic Needs of Supervisors Definition of Safety Incident The Incident Chain Heinrich's Accident Pyramid Four Steps for Job Safety Job Safety Breakdown Job Safety Instruction How to Spot Hazards How to Avoid Hazards Three Rules for Making Safety Instructions Supervisor’s Major Safety Responsibilities  To download this presentation, please visit: http://www.oeconsulting.com.sg

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Presentation Transcript

TWI Program: Job Safety:

TWI Program: Job Safety

Learning Objectives - JS:

Learning Objectives - JS Improve Job Safety based on the 4-Step method for JS Perform a Job Safety breakdown Give proper Job Safety instruction Learn how to spot and avoid hazards Understand a Supervisor’s major safety responsibilities Copyrights of all the pictures used in this presentation are held by their respective owners .

Program Outline:

Program Outline Four Steps for Job Safety Job Safety Breakdown Job Safety Instruction How to Spot Hazards How to Avoid Hazards Supervisor’s Major Safety Responsibilities NOTE: T his is only a PARTIAL PREVIEW . To download the complete presentation, please visit: http:// www.oeconsulting.com.sg

Program Benefits:

Program Benefits Fewer safety violations Fewer accidents on the job More safety-conscious culture

Introduction to Job Safety:

Introduction to Job Safety 80% of all accidents result from human failures Prevention depends mainly on the right kind of job safety instruction Get workers to know the hazards of each job operation Instruct workers in safe job methods Make sure workers follow job safety instructions Proper instruction is the key to safety

Objective of Job Safety (JS):

Objective of Job Safety (JS) Engage employees in identifying and eliminating potential safety hazards Break the chain of events that lead to incidents

Safety Incident – A Definition:

Safety Incident – A Definition An Incident is … An abnormal occurrence which has the potential to lead to an injury or loss.

The Incident Chain:

Accidents Don’t Happen by Accident! The Incident Chain The Incident Chain Unsafe Acts or Conditions

Break the Incident Chain:

Break the Incident Chain You Must Break The Chain X X X Unsafe Acts or Conditions To Prevent Incidents, You Must Break the Chain!

Heinrich’s Accident Pyramid:

Heinrich’s Accident Pyramid

The 4-Step Method for JS:

The 4-Step Method for JS Spot the Causes of Danger Decide on Countermeasures Enforce Countermeasures Check Results

Job Safety Card:

Job Safety Card JOB SAFETY CARD The meaning of safety is to consider measures and take action BEFORE a safety incident. It is NOT to handle the aftermath. 1. Spot the causes of danger Check the situation. Check the record. Talk to people. Consider both things and people. Always be aware. Foresee risks of incidents and injuries. Dig down deep 2. Decide on countermeasures Fit the causes together; consider their bearings on each other. Ask people who have detailed knowledge. Think of several countermeasures. Make sure of alignment with policies, regulations and standards. Decide on back-up measures too. Are you yourself the cause? 3. Enforce countermeasures Can you handle this yourself? Do you need support from your supervisor? Whose cooperation should you get? Put into effect immediately 4. Check results Check and check again Was it carried out for certain? Were the causes eliminated? Has any new causes arisen? Safety Incidents Are Caused – Break the Chain FIVE HAZARD SPOTS Work area Material handling Machines Tools Improper clothing HOW TO AVOID SAFETY HAZARDS Remove hazard Use protective equipment Teach safe job method PEOPLE CONSIDERATIONS Capabilities Mental and physical state Use of personal protective equipment Handling of tools Human relations Doesn’t Know Cannot Do Doesn’t Care Doesn’t Do ENVIRONMENTAL CONSIDERATIONS Proper housekeeping Scrupulous Inspection and Maintenance Standard Operating Procedures A Supervisor’s Department Is Only As Safe As He Makes It

Step 1: Spot the Causes of Danger:

Step 1 : Spot the Causes of Danger Check the situation. Check the record. Talk to people. Consider both things and people. Check regulations and standards. Always be aware. Foresee risks of incidents and injuries Dig down deep

Step 2: Decide on the Countermeasures:

Step 2 : Decide on the Countermeasures Fit the causes together; consider their bearings on each other. Ask people who have detailed knowledge. Think of several countermeasures. Make sure of alignment with policies, regulations and standards. Decide on back-up measures, too. Are you yourself the cause?

Safety Breakdown Sheet - Example:

Safety Breakdown Sheet - Example

Five Hazard Spots:

Five Hazard Spots Work area Material handling Machines Tools Improper clothing

Hazard Spot – Material Handling:

Hazard Spot – Material Handling Heavy Rough Sharp Long Poisonous Hot Explosive Slippery Fragile Acid Alkali

Hazard Spot - Machines:

Hazard Spot - Machines Point of operation – cutting, punching, forming, etc. Power transmission – line shafts, other shafting, belts, gears, etc. Pinch points Projections Flying pieces

Hazard Spot - Tools:

Hazard Spot - Tools Proper tools Proper use of tools Proper condition of tools Proper place for tools

Hazard Spot – Improper Clothing:

Hazard Spot – Improper Clothing Loose, ragged Flammable Neckties Jewelry High heels Badly worn shoes

3 Rules for Making Safety Instructions:

3 Rules for Making Safety Instructions Remove hazard Use protective equipment Teach safe job method

Activity: Safety Instructions:

Activity: Safety Instructions Instructions Make a complete Job Breakdown of one of the jobs that you supervise. (Note: Use the JS Breakdown Sheet . This job demonstration must be able to complete in 15 minutes .) For each important step, consider the hazard spots and then highlight the safety key point and the safety instructions which will prevent most accidents.

Supervisor’s Major Safety Responsibilities:

Supervisor’s Major Safety Responsibilities To instruct each worker thoroughly in the safety precautions of his job To follow up safety training constantly To keep all safety devices in proper use To set a good safety example

Integrated Continuous Improvement System:

Integrated Continuous Improvement System Safety Is At the Heart of Supervisory Skills!

A Supervisor’s Department Is Only As Safe As He Makes It :

A Supervisor’s Department Is Only As Safe As He Makes It

About Operational Excellence Consulting:

About Operational Excellence Consulting

About Operational Excellence Consulting:

About Operational Excellence Consulting Operational Excellence Consulting is a management training and consulting firm that assists organizations in improving business performance and effectiveness. The firm’s mission is to create business value for organizations through innovative operational excellence management training and consulting solutions. OEC takes a unique “beyond the tools” approach to enable clients develop internal capabilities and cultural transformation to achieve sustainable world-class excellence and competitive advantage. For more information, please visit www.oeconsulting.com.sg

To download this presentation, please visit us at: www.oeconsulting.com.sg:

To download this presentation, please visit us at : www.oeconsulting.com.sg END OF PREVIEW

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