Labor day-SEPTEMBER level III and IV

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1st. Monday in September BY ALICIA SIERRA

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QUOTE My mother said I must always be intolerant of ignorance but understanding of illiteracy. That some people, unable to go to school, were more educated and more intelligent than college professors. By Maya Angelou

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TASK / QUIZ Analize the quote with parts of speech My (p) mother (n) said (v) I(p) must (v-aux) always(adv) be(v) intolerant( adj ) of (prep) ignorance (n) but (prep) understanding ( adj ) of (prep) illiteracy (n). That (p) some ( adj ) people (n), unable ( adl ) to (prep) go (v) to school (n), were (v) more ( adj *) educated ( adj ) and (conj) more ( adj *) intelligent ( adj ) than (conj) college (n) professors (n). By Maya Angelou

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International Workers' Day   It is a celebration of the international  labour movement that occurs on May Day, May 1. A traditional Spring holiday in much of  Europe. This Day is a national holiday in more than 80 countries, and celebrated unofficially in many other countries. In some countries the public holiday is officially  Labor Day while in others the public holiday marks the traditional Spring festival known as May Day. Other countries, such as the  United States celebrate  Labour Days on another date, usually with special significance to the labour movement in that country.

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DID YOU KNOW? The first Labor Day was observed on September 5, 1882. In 1894 it became a federal holiday under President Grover Cleveland.  Labor Day is traditionally viewed as the symbolic end of summer and is celebrated with parades, barbecues, picnics, fireworks, displays and athletic events. It was also traditionally considered the last day of the season for when it's fashionable for women to wear white. 

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Labor day Observed on the first Monday in September, Labor Day pays tribute to the contributions and achievements of American workers. Labor Day also symbolizes the end of summer for many Americans.

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HISTORY Labor Day, originated during one of American labor history’s most dismal (future looks very bad) chapters. In the late 1800s, at the height of the Industrial Revolution in the United States, the average American worked 12-hour days and seven-day weeks in order to eke out (barely obtain) a basic living

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HISTORY Despite restrictions in some states, children as young as 5 or 6 toiled (work very hard) in mills, factories and mines across the country, earning a fraction of their adult counterparts’ wages. People of all ages, particularly the very poor and recent immigrants, often faced extremely unsafe working conditions, with insufficient access to fresh air, sanitary facilities and

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HISTORY They began organizing strikes and rallies (mass meetings) to protest poor conditions and compel (force) employers to renegotiate hours and pay. Many of these events turned violent during this period, including the infamous Haymarket Riot of 1886, in which several Chicago policemen and workers were killed.

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HISTORY As manufacturing increasingly supplanted agriculture as the wellspring (an abundant source of sth ) of American employment, labor unions, which had first appeared in the late 18th century, grew more prominent and vocal (aloud - Spoken).

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HISTORY They began organizing strikes and rallies (mass meetings) to protest poor conditions and compel (force) employers to renegotiate hours and pay. Many of these events turned violent during this period, including the infamous Haymarket Riot of 1886, in which several Chicago policemen and workers were killed.

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HISTORY Others gave rise to longstanding (long time ago) traditions: On September 5, 1882, 10,000 workers took unpaid time off to march from City Hall to Union Square in New York City, holding the first Labor Day parade in U.S. history. The idea of a “workingmen’s holiday,” celebrated on the first Monday in September, caught on in other industrial centers across the country, and many states passed legislation recognizing it.

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