Labor day-SEPTEMBER levelIII

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1st. Monday in September :

1st. Monday in September BY ALICIA SIERRA August 2012


DID YOU KNOW? The first Labor Day was observed on September 5, 1882. In 1894 it became a federal holiday under President Grover Cleveland. Labor Day is traditionally viewed as the symbolic end of summer and is celebrated with parades, barbecues, picnics, fireworks, displays and athletic events. It was also traditionally considered the last day of the season for when it's fashionable for women to wear white.

Labor day:

Labor day Observed on the first Monday in September, Labor Day pays tribute to the contributions and achievements of American workers. Labor Day also symbolizes the end of summer for many Americans.


HISTORY Labor Day, originated during one of American labor history’s most dismal (future looks very bad) chapters. In the late 1800s, at the height of the Industrial Revolution in the United States, the average American worked 12-hour days and seven-day weeks in order to eke out (barely obtain) a basic living. Despite restrictions in some states, children as young as 5 or 6 toiled (work very hard) in mills, factories and mines across the country, earning a fraction of their adult counterparts’ wages. People of all ages, particularly the very poor and recent immigrants, often faced extremely unsafe working conditions, with insufficient access to fresh air, sanitary facilities and


HISTORY As manufacturing increasingly supplanted agriculture as the wellspring (an abundant source of sth ) of American employment, labor unions, which had first appeared in the late 18th century, grew more prominent and vocal (aloud - Spoken). They began organizing strikes and rallies (mass meetings) to protest poor conditions and compel (force) employers to renegotiate hours and pay. Many of these events turned violent during this period, including the infamous Haymarket Riot of 1886, in which several Chicago policemen and workers were killed.

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Others gave rise to longstanding (long time ago) traditions: On September 5, 1882, 10,000 workers took unpaid time off to march from City Hall to Union Square in New York City, holding the first Labor Day parade in U.S. history. The idea of a “workingmen’s holiday,” celebrated on the first Monday in September, caught on in other industrial centers across the country, and many states passed legislation recognizing it.

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