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for BARC training

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Module I: Agrarian Reform Law and BARC :

Module I: Agrarian Reform Law and BARC Session 1: Concepts and Principles of Agrarian Reform Objectives: 1. Describe the concepts and principles of Agrarian Reform; and 2. Discuss the evolution of Agrarian Reform Laws

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Earth is the HOME of mankind Only God is the absolute owner of all property. The ownership of property granted to a person (man/woman) is in the nature of stewardship. Land is limited in supply. We can not make any more land population increases

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TIME/ ERA TYPE OF LAND OWNERSHIP EFFECTS TO THE FARMERS Pre-Colonial Before 16 th Century Communal ownership Subsistence economy Spanish 1521-1896 Hacienda system Share tenancy system Introduction of feudalism Pueblo agriculture American 1898-1935 Torren system Treaty of Paris Introduction of capitalism Increased agricultural laborers Shorter landlordism Commonwealth 1935-1942 Resettlement Japanese 1942-1946 Destruction of property Unjust agrarian situation Concentration of land in the hands of the powerful few Characteristics of Landownership in the Philippine History

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Why Agrarian Reform? 30% of our land resource owned by 70% of the total population 70% of our land resource owned by 30% of Filipinos

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Total Land Area: 30M hectares Total Population: 92 M

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Definitions of Terms : “ Reform ” is a set of measures to correct defects in an existing condition. “ Agrarian ” refers to the agrarian structure comprising the tenure structure; production structure; and structure of support services “ Agrarian Reform ” an integrated set of measures designed to eliminate obstacles to economic and social development arising out of defects in the agrarian structure.

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What is the foundation of Agrarian Reform?

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Social justice “equalization of economic, political and social opportunities giving those who have less in life more in law

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Soc I al tewardship wnership ncome ommodity grarian reform and JUSTICE USTICE PLIFT TABILITY ENURIAL NCREASE AGRI PROD ONTRIBUTION MANCIPATE

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Manuel L. Quezon (1935 – 1944) Commonwealth Act 141 (1936) Disposition of public agricultural lands to qualified occupants AWARD CEILING: 24 has/FB MODE OF TRANSFER: Homestead patent Commonwealth Act 539 (May 26, 1940) Acquisition of lands for resale in small lots Coverage: Private lands Beneficiaries: Qualified tenants or occupants

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Manuel Roxas (1946 – 1948) Established RA No. 34 Concept: Confiscate lands and return to owners ( Huk Movement) Coverage: 8,000 has. (Ayala- Zobel Family in Batangas ) Beneficiaries : Sold to landless farmers

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Elpidio Quirino (1948 – 1953) Established EO No. 355 Land Settlement Development Corporation (LEDESCO) Establishment of home for the landless Peasants

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Ramon Magsaysay (1953 – 1957) RA 1160 (1954): Free distribution of Agr’l lands under the National Resettlement and Rehabilitation Administration (NARRA) Coverage: Agric’l Public Domain Beneficiaries: Qualified Landless tenant and farmworkers in highly settled areas Award Ceiling: 24 has/FB Mode of Transfer: Certificate of Allocation; Homestead Patent RA 1199 (1954) Agricultural Tenancy Act Concept: Leasehold and Share Tenancy Coverage: Private Agric’l lands Beneficiaries: Qualified tenant- farmers RA 1266 (1955) Concept: Expropriation of Hacienda del Rosario for distribution to qualified occupants Coverage: Hacienda del Rosario Beneficiaries: Qualified occupants Award Ceiling:1 ha./FB

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Ramon Magsaysay (1953 – 1957) RA 1400 (1955) Concept: Distribution of as many family-size farms to as many landless citizens as possible Coverage: Public & Private Agri’l Lands where agrarian conflicts exist Beneficiaries: Qualified landless tenants and farm workers Award Ceiling: 6 has/FB Mode of Transfer: Order of Award Regular Title Deed of Absolute Sale/CTS

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Carlos P. Garcia (1957 – 1961) No legislation. Continued the programs of Pres. Magsaysay

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RA 3844: Agric’l Land Reform Code (1963) Concept: Abolition of share tenancy Acquisition & distribution of landed estates Coverage: All existing tenancy systems in agriculture Beneficiaries: Tenant-farmers and other qualified farmers Award Ceiling: 6 has/FB Mode of Transfer: Certificate of Agric’l Leasehold Order of Award Diosdado Macapagal (1961 – 1965)

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RA 6389 (1971) Conversion of lands under share-tenancy to leasehold Existing tenancy system in agriculture Tenant-farmers and other qualified farmers 6 has/FB Certificate of Agric’l Leasehold Order of Award PD 27 (1972) Redistribution of Agricultural Lands Private Agricultural Lands devoted to Rice and Corn and with tenant/s Tenant-tillers 3 has/FB irrigated tenant-tiller > 5 has/FB non-irrigated/tenant-tiller 7 has. Issuance of EP Certificate of Land Transfer (CLT) Ferdinand E. Marcos (1965 – 1986)

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Corazon C. Aquino (1986 – 1992) RA 6657: CARP (1988): AR program to promote Social Justice & industrialization Redistribution of lands plus support services Public & private agri’l lands, regardless of tenancy arrangement & agric’l activity All tenants, farm workers, landless and seasonal farm workers 3 has/FB for all land types/farmer beneficiaries Issuance of CLOA ALC

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No legislation Programs

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Gloria Macapagal -Arroyo (2000 -2010) RA 9700: CARP Extension with Reforms (Jul. 1, 2009) An Act Strengthening CARP, extending the acquisition & distribution of all agri’l lands, instituting necessary reforms

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“BUHAY SA BUKID AY MASAYA KUNG MAY SIPAG AT PAG-AARUGA”

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