Potwar Plateau and Salt Range

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Table of contents Pg. # Topic Description 1 Geography Project Title page 3 Group members List of Group members of project 4 Introduction of topic Just a simple introduction 5 Karakoram range Info rmation on Karakorum range 6 Himalayas range Info rmation on Himalayas range 7 Hindukush Range Info rmation on Hindu Kush range 8 Objectives List of objectives 9 Economic Benefits Factors that give economic benefit 10 Economic benefits Benefit to economy through mining 11 Economic benefits Benefit to economy through mining 12 Economic benefits Graph showing economic benefit 13 Economic benefits Benefit to economy through tourism 14 Economic benefits Benefit to economy through Trade 15 Picture gallery All images used in presentation 16 Resources A list of stuff used for the project


GROUP MEMBERS HAMZA AHAD KHIZER UR REHMAN SAUD KHAN ( J ust copied W ikipedia article ) [Group leader] ABDUL RAFAY(Did nothing) FROM PREP III-S


INTRODUCTION OF TOPIC To the North, North east and North west of Pakistan lies The Northern Mountains which consists of 3 mountain ranges known as following :- The Himalayas The Hindu Kush The Karakoram

The Karakoram Range:

The Karakoram Range Meaning of the name Karakoram is ‘Black Gravel’ and it has an average altitude of 6000 meters and extending for more than 400 km from Hunza to shyok river. In the Karakoram range, the highest peak is K2 (8,611 m or 28,244 feet). including K2, the second highest peak of the world (8,611 m/28,251 ft) .Contains rugged landscape and cold climate because of its high altitude. Agriculture is practiced and have the famous Karakorum highway to China. Location of Range:

The Himalaya Range:

The Himalaya Range The Himalayas are situated at the South of Karakoram and Runs East to West. It has an altitude of 4000m.It contains Siwalihs,Lower Himalayas and Central Himalayas. The Siwalihs have a low altitude of 600 to 1200 m and is located near Attock.The lower Himalayas have a medium altitude and are located in the Pir Panjal range. It is also the home to many famous tourist attractions like Muree, Nathia Gali and Ghora gali. The central Himalayas lie in kashmir and are snow capped and contain glaciers. Location of Range:

The Hindu kush range:

The Hindu kush range The Hindu Kush is an 800 km (500 mi) long mountain range that stretches between central Afghanistan and northern Pastan . The highest point in the Hindu Kush is Tirich Mir (7,708 m or 25,289 ft ) iThe mountains of the Hindu Kush system diminish in height as they stretch westward: Toward the middle, near Kabul, they extend from 4,500 to 6,000 meters (14,700 feet to 19,100 feet); in the west, they attain heights of 3,500 to 4,000 meters (11,500 feet to 13,000 feet). The average altitude of the Hindu Kush is 4,500 meters (14,700 feet). The Hindu Kush system stretches about 966 kilometres (600 mi) laterally, and its median north-south measurement is about 240 kilometres (150 mi). Location of Range:

Our Objective:

Our Objective To create awareness of large economic benefit that can e gained through Northern mountains To receive full marks in Geography project and make our parents proud

Economic benefits available through northern mountains:

Economic benefits available through northern mountains If the government of Pakistan paid attention to the Northern mountains of Punjab they will have found that a huge economic benefit can be made from them via different means . For instance: Mining Tourism Trading etc.

Economic benefits of northern mountains through Mining:

Economic benefits of northern mountains through Mining Pakistan has gained a prominent position in the international market for supplying a wide variety of gemstones and mineral specimens. The northern area of Pakistan is enriched with the variety of mineral treasures that include peridot , emerald, aquamarine, tourmaline, topaz, ruby, sapphire, garnet, red spinel, pargasite , actinolite , diopside , epidote , vesuvianite , axinite , rodingite , sphene , fluorite, apatite, zircon, rutile, azurite, moonstone, amethyst, rose quartz and agate. The following is a list of the most common precious gemstones that can be mined if mining is properly organized in Northern Mountains Aquamarine It is found in Chitral , Kaghan , the Shigar valley of Baltistan and the Neelam Valley of Azad Kashmir. Aquamarine is transparent and ranges in colour from sky blue to sea green. A proper sized gem aquamarine costs 40$ Emerald Emeralds are geologically rare, but fine specimens are located in Swat, Pakistan. Pakistani emeralds are medium to deep green in color and on average cost 50$

Economic benefits of northern mountains through mining:

Economic benefits of northern mountains through mining Garnet Garnets are used extensively in jewelry . mily of minerals with similar structures. Not all are of gem quality. In Pakistan, the blood red pyrope as well as the purple almadine and the green- colored grossularite occur in the Kalat , Quetta, Dir and Swat areas . Costs around 23$ Tourmaline Tourmaline comes in a variety of colors including golden yellow, lime green and golden brown. It is found in pencil-shaped crystals. In Pakistan it occurs in Chitral , Swat, Dir , Gilgit and Azad Jammu Kashmir . It costs around 350$.

Economic benefits of northern mountains through mining:

Economic benefits of northern mountains through mining Organizing a mining expedition costs a lot around us dollar $100,000.But in the long term the benefit is really high because the more we mine the more shafts are discovered and more stones are found. Following is a graph that shows benefit of mining just the 4 gemstones mentioned before for 1 year constantly in Northern mountains . So it can be seen that just one year worth of mining can benefit Pakistan with $300,000 In the graph 100 is equal to $100,000 First month Twelfth month Eight month Fourth month


Tourism Northern mountains also contain plenty of tourist attractions which build up the countries economy. Kaghan valley have many famous tourist attracions like Lazar , Naran , Ansoo , J heel and J heel saif ul Maluk .. Currently Pakistan earns Rs.4,740,000 on average in the winters due to the large number of tourist that come to enjoy the holydays in Pakistan’s cold mountains and tour them.


Trading In the karakoram mountains the famous Karakoram Highway connects Pakistan to China and it is also a trade route.Pakistan has an advantage for trading with china as this border links them both.. They are also linked with Afghanistan via the wathan strip. So Pakistan easily trades with these countries and sell goods like timber , mangoes , cotton etc. for high profit. On average Pakistan recieves Rs.5,31,000 profit by trading

Picture Gallery:

Picture Gallery


Resources Internet Our books information Our teacher’s knowledge Wikipedia G o o g l e images http :// k2gemstones.com/aboutpakistanigemstones.html

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