International relations

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International relations : 

International relations

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The history of international relations is often traced back to the Peace of Westphalia of 1648. The first university entirely dedicated to the study of IR was the Graduate Institute of International Studies (now the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies), which was founded in 1927

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IR theories can be roughly divided into one of two epistemological camps: "positivist" and "post-positivist".

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Positivist theories, such as neo-realism, offer causal explanations (such as why and how power is exercised)

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Post-positivist theories focus instead on constitutive questions, for instance what is meant by 'power'; what makes it up, how it is experienced and how it is reproduced.

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Marxists view the international system as an integrated capitalist system in pursuit of capital accumulation