White Paper on Mobile OS and Efforts Towards Open Standards

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This paper is the outcome of a simple study on the “Ongoing Mobile OS war” and the efforts taken by the players towards open standards.

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WHI T E P APE R ON MOBI L E OS AND EFFORTS TOWARDS OPEN ST ANDARDS  BY DOTCOM I NFOWAY L ea r n mor e a t ht t p: / / www. dot c omi nf owa y . c om Copy r i ght © 2000 - 2016 Dot Com I nf owa y

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Page 2 E XE CUT I VE S UMMARY : T hi s pa per pr ov i des a n ov er v i ew of S ma r t phone pl a t f or ms s t a nda r ds a nd a di s c us s i on on dev el opment effor t s a nd t he f ut ur e of open s t a nda r ds . M Mobi l e phones a r e emer gi ng f r om mer e c ommuni c a t i v e dev i c es t o a s of t wa r e- i nt ens i v e dev i c es l i k e PCs a nd a l mos t ev er y ma nuf a c t ur er ha v e s t epped up t o f oc us on c r ea t i ng mor e i nnov a t i v e mobi l e oper a t i ng pl a t f or ms . T he c onc l us i v e s uc c es s of a pl a t f or m ent i r el y depends on i t s a da pt a bi l i - t y t o t he t hi r d- pa r t y a pps a nd ul t i ma t el y i t c ons t r uc t s t he gl oba l ma r k et . I n t he r ec ent y ea r s s i nc e t he l a unc h of t he S ma r t phone i t ha s pr ov ed i t s el f t o be a n end- t o- end mobi l e c ommuni c a t i on s ol ut i on f or t he gl oba l mobi l e us er s . Now wi t h t he i nt r oduc t i on of t he v a r i ous Mobi l e oper a t i ng s y s - t ems t he ma j or S ma r t phone c ompa ni es a r e c r ea t i ng a monopol y of s ec ur i ng t he i nf or ma t i on s y s t em. T hey dr i v e t he open- s t a nda r d us er s a nd mobi l e phone oper a t or s t o r ec ei v e c us t om c ont ent whi c h a r e not c ommon c a r r i er f unc t i ons a nd a r e del i v er ed t o us er s a s a c l os ed s et or e x c l us i v e s et of i nf or ma t i on s er v i c es . S MART PHONE OS : TYPE S OF S MART PHONE OS PL AT F ORMS T he ‘ S ma r t phone ma r k et ’ ha s v er y s pec ic r equi r ement s t ha t ma k e i t di ffer ent f r om t he ma r k et s f or PCs a nd ot her mobi l e phones . S c a l i ng down a PC- OS a nd t o ha v e c ommuni c a t i on c a pa bi l i t i es wi t hi n a s ma l l a nd ba s i c OS ends i n v a r i ous f unda ment a l c ompr omi s es . T he c ha r a c t er i s t i c s t ha t bui l d s ma r t phone ma r k et s i s uni que a nd c a l l s f or a c ompr ehens i v el y des i gned OS . a . S ma r t phones a r e s ma l l ha ndy : Mobi l e phones a r e bot h s ma l l a nd by deni t i on mobi l e . T he mobi l e phone us a ge env i r onment r equi r es t hem t o be a bl e t o ha v e enough ba t t er y c a pa c i t y t o s uppor t l ong t a l k t i me wi t hout need t o c ha nge t hem f r equent l y . T hes e e x pec t a t i ons ma k e c ons i der a bl e dema nd on power ma na gement . Al s o t he dev i c es need t o be r es pons i v e i n a l l s i t ua t i ons a nd c a nnot a ffor d t o go t hr ough a l ong boot s equenc e when i t i s t ur ned on. I n f a c t t he dev i c e s houl d nev er be power ed do down c ompl et el y s i nc e i t needs t o a c t i v a t e t i med a l a r ms or ha ndl e i nc omi ng c a l l s . At t he s a me t i me a mobi l e phone mus t pr ov i de ma ny hour s of oper a t i on on a s i ngl e c ha r ge or a s et of ba t t er i es . Meet i ng t hes e c ont r a di c t or y r equi r ement s c a n onl y be done i f t he whol e OS i s des i gned f or effic i enc y . c . Pr oduc t s di v er s i t y S ma r t phones ha v e ev ol v ed f r om t r a di t i ona l c el l ul a r phones wi t h ma i n i nput v i a t he k ey pa d t o a c a ndy ba r or t a bl et f or m f a c t or phones oper a t ed wi t h a s t y l i l a r ger s c r eens a nd s ma l l k ey boa r ds . T he c ha ngi ng i nput mec ha ni s ms a nd f or m f a c t or s s i z a bl y i nuenc e t he i nt ended pr i ma r y us e of mobi l e dev ei c es a nd henc e OS des i gn. d. Open pl a t f or m T he pl a t f or m ha s t o be open enough t o a c c ommoda t e i ndependent t hi r d pa r t y t ec hnol ogy a nd s houl d ma k e wa y s t o s of t wa r e v endor s t o dev el op t hi r d- pa r t y a ppl i c a t i ons . S o a s t o r educ e t he t i me- t o- ma r k et OS s houl d pr ov i de t he dev el oper s t he s uppor t of s t a nda r ds a l r ea dy a v a i l a bl e or whi c h c a n be ea s i l y c oded f or ma k i ng t he pl a t f or m mor e open t o a t t r a c t mor e dev el oper s . e . L i mi t ed Memor y T o t i nt o t he l i mi t ed a mount of memor y a s ma r t phone ha v e t he OS mus t be v er y c ompa c t t o pr ov i de r equi r ed r i c h s et of f unc t i ona l i t i es . T he S ma r t phone OS c a n be di ffer ent i a t ed ba s ed on t he e x i s t i ng oper a t i ng s y s t ems us ed by c omput er s a . Rea l - T i me Oper a t i ng S y s t em RT OS Rea l - T i me Oper a t i ng S y s t em whi c h r es ponds t o i nput s i mmedi a t el y a nd gener a t es r es ul t s i ns t a nt l y . T hi s t y pe of s y s t em i s us ua l l y us ed t o c ont r ol s c i ent ic dev i c es a nd s i mi l a r s ma l l i ns t r ument s wher e memor y a nd r es our c es a r e c r uc i a l a nd c ons t r i c t ed. T hi s t y pe of dev i c - es ha v e v er y l i mi t ed or z er o- end us er ut i l i t i es s o mor e effor t goes i nt o ma k i ng t he OS r ea l l y memor y effic i ent a nd f a s t l es s c odi ng s o a s t o mi ni mi z e t he e x ec ut i on t i me i n t ur n s a v i ng on power a s wel l . e . g. : 8086 e 8086 et c b. Mul t i pl e F r equent a nd c ont i nuous c onnec t i v i t y S ma r t phones a r e oc c a s i ona l l y c onnec t ed - T o t he wi r el es s phone net wor k l oc a l l y - T o ot her dev i c es - T o t hei r own a ppl i c a t i ons et c . A Ac c es s i ng a pa r t i c ul a r da t a ma na gi ng E ma i l s us i ng a n i nt er na l - c l i ent or s y nc hr oni z a t i on needs v a t i ous t y pes of c onnec t i on. Mobi l i t y di ffi- c ul t i es us ua l l y ma k e a wi r el es s c onnec t i on pr ef er a bl e- whet her mobi l e net wor k or per s ona l a r ea e . g. i nf r a r ed Bl uet oot h . Wi r el es s c onnec t i v i t y i s s omet i mes pa t c hy wi t h number of pr ot oc ol s wor l d- wi de f a de- out s whi l e r oa mi ng i n poor c ov er a ge a r ea . T hos e k i nd of c onnec t i v i t y env i r onment r equi r es t ha t oper a t i ng s y s t em s houl d be a bl e a bl e t o ma i nt a i n c onnec t i on by i nt egr a t i ng ut i l i t i es t o ma na ge dr opped c onnec t i ons gr a c ef ul l y a nd i nf or m t he us er i mmedi a t el y . L ea r n mor e a t ht t p: / / www. dot c omi nf owa y . c om Copy r i ght © 2000 - 2016 Dot Com I nf owa y

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Page 3 b. S i ngl e us er s i ngl e t a s k i ng oper a t i on s y s t em T hi s t y pe of OS i s bet t er v er s i on of Rea l t i me OS wher e one us er c a n do effec t i v el y one t hi ng a t a t i me whi c h mea ns t ha t doi ng mor e t ha n one t hi ng a t a t i me i s di ffic ul t i n t hi s t y pe of OS . F or i ns t a nc e: T he pa l m OS i n pa l m ha nd hel d c omput er i s a n e x a mpl e of s i ngl e- t a s k OS . c . S i ngl e us er mul t i t a s k i ng oper a t i ng s y s t em I t a l l ows mor e t ha n one pr ogr a m t o r un c onc ur r ent l y l i k e pr i nt i ng s c a nni ng wor d pr oc es s i ng et c . e . g. MS Wi ndows a nd Appl e ’ s Ma c OS . d. Mul t i - us er oper a t i ng s y s t em I t a l l ows t wo or mor e us er s t o r un pr ogr a ms a t t he s a me t i me . S ome OS per mi t hundr eds or ev en t hous a nds of c onc ur r ent us er s . e . g. UNI X a nd Ma i n F r a me OS T HE BATT L E F OR MARKET S HARE : E v en t hough s ome of t he ma j or mobi l e ma nuf a c t ur er s ha d pl a nned t o mi ni mi z e t he monopol i s t i c s c ena r i o i t s not get t i ng per f ec t . Ra t her t ea r i ng down t he s i t ua t i on mobi l e ma nuf a c t ur er s a nd dev el oper s a r e t r y i ng t o er ec t new ones . Andr oi d Nok i a Pa l m a nd RI M a r e unv ei l i ng t hei r own a ppl i - c a t i on s t or es ov er t he net . Whi l e t he mobi l e i ndus t r y i s ooded wi t h i dea s l i k e c ompr ehens i v e mobi l e pl a t f or m t he c ons umer s pr ef er a s i mpl e but i nnov a t i v e pl a t f or m. Ma y be a s needs gr ow end- us er s wi l l be gr a v i t a t ed t owa r ds a t r ul y open- s our c e pl a t f or m a nd t hey’ l l e x pa nd t he s ophi s t i c a t i on on t hei r own. PI CT URE S OURCE : CANAL YS S ma r t phone - OS Ma r k et S ha r e S y mbi a n 50. 3 RI M Bl a c k ber r y 20. 9 Appl e i Phone 13. 7 Wi ndows Mobi l e 9 Googl e Andr oi d 2. 8 Ot her Pa l m/ L i nux 3. 3 Ac c or di ng t o t he UK- ba s ed ma r k et r es ea r c h a nd c oms ul t i ng r m Wi r e- l es s E x per t i s e t he gl oba l s a l es of s ma r t phones wi l l i nc r ea s e f r om a r ound 165. 2 mi l l i on i n 2009 t o 422. 96 mi l l i on i n 2013 a nd ws c a l a t i ng t he t ot a l number of s ma r t phone us i ng c ommuni t y t o 1. 6 bi l l i on. T he r ms ma r k et r es ea r c h a l s o f or ec a s t ed t ha t t he gl oba l ma r k et f or s ma r t - phone a ppl i c a t i ons a nd ga mes i s wor t h 4. 66 bi l l i on i n 2009 whi c h wi l l r os e t o 16. 60 bi l l i on i n 2013. Cur r ent l y nobi l es out number t he PCs bt y 4: 1 whi c h r epr es ent s ev en bi gger c ha nc es f or mobi l e i ndus t r y . I n f ut ur e Mobi l e s er v i c e pr ov i der s wi l l r el ea s e API s whi c h wi l l be a ddr es s i ng f r a gment a t i ona l i s s ues a nd wi l l gr ow t o c r ea t e mul t i pl e c ha nnel a ppl i c a t i on s er v i c es r et a i l mobi l e c ont ent wi t h pa y ment modul e i nt egr a t i on. And a c c or di ng t o Ga r t ner a pa r t f r om t he S ma r t phone OS ba t t l e Wi ndows OS L i nux OS a nd Ma c OS X a r e t he s i gni- c a nt c ont ender s i n t he ongoi ng PC OS ba t t l e t o ga i n t he ma j or ma r k et s ha s ha r e wi t hi n t he es t i ma t ed 250 mi l l i on t o 275 mi l l i on ea c h y ea r . And s ummi ng up a n a not her 50 mi l l i on t o 70 mi l l i on s er v er s gi v es y ou t he T ot a l Av a i l a bl e Ma r k et T AM of OS s ev er y y ea r . And when we c ons i der t he pot ent i a l ma r k et s s uc h a s t he c omput er ma r k et s i n under dev el - oped a nd dev el opi ng c ount r i es c oul d ev en a c c ount f or a n a not her 200 mi l l i on PC s per y ea r by 2012. Mobi l e Oper a t i ng S y s t em f r a mewor k Pl a t f or m S c ope Appl i c a t i on Mgr F r a mewor k Appl i c a t i on UI F r a mewor k Regi s t r y Coni c t Ma na gement E v ent Del i v er y / I PC S ec ur i t y F r a mewor k T T el ephony F r a mewor k Net wor k F r a mewor k Mes s a gi ng F r a mewor k Mul t i medi a F r a mewor k DRM F r a mewor k Da t a ba s e Ot her F r a mewor k s Us er S pa c e Mi ddl ewa r e Appl i c a t i on L ea r n mor e a t ht t p: / / www. dot c omi nf owa y . c om Copy r i ght © 2000 - 2016 Dot Com I nf owa y

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Page 4 T he r a pi d gr owt h a nd s ur mount i ng r equi r ement f or a dv a nc ed mobi l e c ommuni c a t i on dev i c es ha s t r i gger ed a ma d c ompet i t i on a mong Communi c a - t i on a nd I nf or ma t i on T ec hnol ogy c or por a t i ons l i k e Appl e Bl a c k ber r y Pa l m Mi c r os of t a nd Nok i a t o c a pt i v a t e t he L i on s s ha r e of t he i ndus t r y . S ur pr i s - i ngl y S y mbi a n a L ondon- ba s ed s of t wa r e dev el opi ng c ompa ny l ea ds t he ma r k et by a bout 50 es pec i a l l y i n PDAs a nd S ma r t phones . S ome ot her i mpor t a nt mobi l e dev i c es ma nuf a c t ur er s l i k e Res ea r c h I n Mot i on RI M S ony E r i c s s on a nd Pa l m a r e a l s o pl a y i ng a v i t a l r ol e i n Mobi l e dev i c es ma r k et . On 5t h Nov ember 2007 Open- Ha nds et Al l i a nc e a bus i nes s a l l i a nc e wa s es t a bl i s hed a nd whi c h wa s l ed by Googl e wi t h 50 member s . Mos t of t he s i g- nic a nt ma j or gl oba l mobi l e ha nds et ma k er s mobi l e a ppl i c a t i on dev el oper s s ome mobi l e c a r r i er s a nd c hi p ma k er s v ol unt eer ed t he a l l i a nc e . S ur pr i s - i ngl y v i t a l pl a y er s l i k e Nok i a AT T a nd Ver i z on Wi r el es s wer e not r ea dy t o v ol unt eer t he a l l i a nc e . Andr oi d t he a gs hi p mobi l e pl a t f or m of t he OHA i s a L i nux - ba s ed pl a t f or m whi c h ha s been unv ei l ed on f ew dev i c es a nd i s get t i ng r ea dy f or a wi der - l a unc h l i k e i t s c ompet i t or s l i k e t he I phone OS Wi n- dows Mobi l e S y mbi a n OS Pa l m OS a nd RI M Bl a c k ber r y OS . Us ua l l y S ma r t phone OS wer e des i gned t o a c c ommoda t e t hi r d- pa r t y a ppl i c a t i ons a nd t ool s . Us er s r equi r e mor e f a c i l i t i es a nd t o do mor e t ha n ma k i ng a phone c a l l pl a y v i deos a nd do S MS . T he i nt r oduc t i on of Web- br ows i ng f ea t ur ed t he mi ni - br ows er s a nd mor e or l es s t he ongoi ng OS wa r wi l l be ba s ed on del i v er i ng a f ul l - f ea t ur ed onl i ne a nd mul t i medi a env i r onment . I t s obv i ous t ha t Mi c r os of t t ur ns bi l l i ons v i a i t s PC OS t ha n i t s Wi ndows Mobi l e di v i s i on. T he ma nuf a c t ur er who i s c a pa bl e of pr ov i di ng t he bet t er OS f or s ma r t phones c oul d be t he s er i es ma r k et pl a y er t ha n t he PC Oper a t i ng s y s y s t em v endor s . T he r ea s on i s a v er y obv i ous one s i nc e t he c ha nc es f or s ma r t phone ma r k et boom whi c h wi l l t r a ns f or m t hem t o a ma j or medi um onl i ne a nd offli ne s pec i a l i z ed bus i nes s s er v i c es . And i n t he ot her wa y one who del i v er s t he bes t pl a t f or m get s a l i on s s ha r e i n t he r ev enue t hr ough- out t he l i f e of t he s ma r t phone ma r k et . I f we wor k out t he number s t hen i t s i s c l ea r why t hi s s ma r t phone OS wa r i s s o i mpor t a nt . F r om t he ot her poi nt of v i ew Us er s c ons i der t he s ma r t phones a s a pur e a nd ea s i er c omput i ng pl a t f or m. Whi l e t he c omput er s needed a n OS S DKs a nd ot her t hi r d- pa r t y i ngr edi ent s t o t hr i v e i n t he ma r k et a nd s ma r t phones a r e muc h ea s i er . S MART PHONE S OS AND OPE N S T ANDARDS Rec ent l y AT T ha d a l l owed s ome VoI P a ppl i c a t i ons t o wor k on t he net wor k whi c h i s when i ns t a l l ed on i Phone . T he VoI P a pps wer e f or c ed by t he c a r - r i er s f or t he s ol e r ea s on t ha t i s due t o t he i nc r ea s e i n da t a c os t of t he net wor k y et v oi c e ov er t el ephony c a nnot be c ha r ged mor e . F ol l owi ng t ha t Ver i - z on wi r el es s ha s c a me f or wa r d t o ma r k et t hei r own mobi l e dev i c es a nd i t i s e x pec t ed t o be ba s ed on Andr oi d a nd Googl e ha s l i t gr een l i ght s ov er t he us a ge of i t s Voi c e- ov er a ppl i c a t i on on t ha t dev i c e . Bui l di ng a one-t s - a l l pl a t f or m i s a dr ea m r i ght now. I t i s di ffic ul t us i ng na t i v e c ode whi l e us i ng HT ML J a v a a nd CS S i t mi ght del i v er a na t i v e l ook a nd f eel a nd obv i ous l y wi l l c ov er a l l of t he t op pl a t f or ms . But when we t a l k a bout t he enha nc ement s l i k e a c c el er omet er GPS a nd ot her s i t wi l l wor k onl y on na t i v e a ppl i c a t i ons . And when we wa nt t o c r ea t e na t i v e a pps we wi l l ha v e t o ma k e a deep s t udy ov er t he c hoi c es of end- us er s dev i c es a nd t ool s - - e x a c t l y t he ent i r e ma r k et i ng s y s t em of t he bi gger v endor s . S UPPORT F OR T HI RD P ARTY DEVE L OPME NT S : Ga t her Repor t on S ma r t phone s a l es Wor l dwi de S ma r t phone S a l es t o E nd Us er s i n 2009 T hous a nds of Uni t s Nok i a Res ea r c h of Mot i on Appl e HT C F uj i t s u Ot her s T ot a l 40 962. 8 100. 0 32 272. 7 100. 0 2009 2009 Ma r k et 2008 2008 Ma r k et Compa ny S a l es S ha r e S a l es S ha r e 18 441. 0 7 678. 9 5 434. 7 2 471. 0 1 249. 0 5 688. 2 45. 0 18. 7 13. 3 6. 0 3. 0 13. 9 15 297. 9 5 594. 2 892. 5 1 330. 8 1 071. 5 8 085. 8 47. 4 17. 3 2. 8 4. 1 3. 3 25. 1 L ea r n mor e a t ht t p: / / www. dot c omi nf owa y . c om Copy r i ght © 2000 - 2016 Dot Com I nf owa y

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Page 5 Appl e i Phone s dev el opment c ha i n f r om t he begi nni ng Xc ode t o t he App s t or e i s nel y pol i s hed a ga i n a nd a ga i n. Appl e ha s a l r a dy s t a r t ed pos i t i on- i ng a s a mj or ma r k et pl a y er a nd ha s edge ov er ot her c ompet i t or s . Undout edl y Appl e ha s c r ea t ed a PC- gr a de Oper a t i ng s y s t em f or a s ma r t phone . S o Appl e I phone OS i s c ons i der ed by ma ny e x per t s a s gol d s t a nda r d f or a s ma r t phone OS a nd whi c h i s f or c i ng ot her s ma r t ma r k et pl a y er s t o pl a y down t he c os t s t o gr a b a dec ent ma t k et s ha r e . O Of c our s e Mi c r os of t s Wi ndows mobi l e edi t i on ha s t he bi gges t c ha nc e t o be a v i t a l pl a y er . Mi c r os of t s dec i s i on t o des i gn a mobi l e OS Wi ndows Mobi l e a i med mos t l y a t i mmedi a t e bus i nes s whi c h ma y be a pur el y good s hor t - s t r a t egy but i t mus t des i gn a n OS l i k e OS X a nd del i v er i t t o a wi der c ons umer ma r k et . Anot her s t r ong but l es s - f a mous ma r k et er i s Pa l m a nd i t wa s r epor t ed t ha t Pa l m i s wor k i ng on a c ompr ehens i v e OS f or s ma r t phones . We c a n ev e s pot s ome uns ua l v er s i ons of L i nux emer gi ng f r om v a r i ous a mr k et er s . Apa r t f r om Andr oi d OS Googl e des i gni ng a Googl e- phone on i t s own a nd t he ma i n a dv a nt a ges f oc us ed i n i t wer e s a i d t o be a OS t i ed wi t h Web- ba s ed s ea r c h a nd ot her c hi l d s er v i c es . APPL E I PHONE OS : Googl e s Andr oi d i s undoubt edl y s i mi l a r t o t he i Phone OS i n a l mos t ev er y wa y . I t ha s Ac c el er omet er Appl i c a t i on s t or e OpenGL f or gr a phi c s GPS a nd mor e ut i l i t i es s i mi l a r t o I phone . E v ent hough t he r s t Andr oi d phone c a me wi t h a k ey boa r d s i nc e t he k ey pr es s ev ent s a r e j us t l i k e a n Appl e i Phone . S u S ur pr i s i ngl y t her e a r e s ev er a l di ffer enc es l i k e when we t a l k a bout gr a phi c s a nd Us er - I nt er f a c e Appl e s I phone c oul d l ea d wi t h oa t i ng poi nt v a l ues t ha n Andr oi ds . T he s t r onges t di ffer enc es c oul d be i n t he dev el opi ng l a ngua ge s i nc e Googl e c hoos e J a v a a wel l - k nown l a ngua ge f or mos t of t he dev el oper s . S o t he pr ogr a mmer s c a n ea s i l y pr ogr a me a n a ppl i c a t i on wi t h E c l i ps e a nd s i mul a t e t he a ppl i c a t i on r unni ng on t he phone i n a n a not her J a v a pr oc es s . T he J a v a - ba s ed t ool s a r e v er y c hea p a nd s omet i mes i t c omes a t no c os t a nd i t t a k es l es s t i me t o dev el op a n a ppl oc a t i on t o up a nd r unni ng GOOGL E ANDROI D E v ent hough t he S y mbi a n got t he ma j or s ha r e of t he s ma r t phone ma r k et t hey wer e us ed mos t l y i n l ower - end phones wi t h l es s memor y a t t r i but es t ha t wi l l not offer a pur e web- br ows i ng e x per i enc e GPS ut i l i t i es OpenGL f or gr a phi c s or ot her ha ndy a ppl i c a t i ons but l uc k i l y i t i ns t a l l s a nd r uns J a v a ME Mi c r o E di t i on a ppl i c a t i ons a nd pl a y s t he puppet s i n t he ma r k et a t a dr a ma t i c a l l y l ower - pr i c e . S y mbi a n s t r uggl es s omet i mes t o wor k wi t h t he c ha l l enges i n dev el opi ng f or a s i z a bl y wi de r a nge of pl a t f or m l i k e i t . . T her e a r e s ev er a l s y mbi a n s ma r t phones t ha t c os t s s ev er a l hundr eds dol l a r s whi c h s hows v i deo a t 19f ps . T he ma i n r ea s on f or t he v i c t or y f or S y mba i n i s t he ea s i l y a ffor da bl e c os t S YMBI AN OS L ea r n mor e a t ht t p: / / www. dot c omi nf owa y . c om Copy r i ght © 2000 - 2016 Dot Com I nf owa y

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T r a di t i ona l monol i t hi c mobi l e oper a t i ng s y s t ems ha v e c onc ept ua l l y r ema i ned a l mos t unc ha nged l i k e i t s f or ef a t her t he UNI X. S ev er a l e x per i - ment a l mobi l e oper a t i ng s y s t ems f r om t he r es ea r c h c ommuni t y ha v e been ba s ed on a l t er na t i v e pa r a di gms . T he new oper a t i ona l env i r onment needed f or a new DNA of a Mobi l e Oper a t i ng S y s t em i s pos s i bl e when t a r get ed t owa r ds r obus t oper a t i ng s y s t ems t ha t a r e s t r ong i n s y s t em i nt egr i t y c onnec t i v i t y a nd enha nc ed power ma na gement . And t he da y s a a r e nea r i ng t o wi t nes s t hem. Conc l us i on Page 6 RI M Bl a c k Ber r y k nows t ha t t he peopl e c hoos e t hem bec a us e t hey r e a r e hy ped a s t he pr es t i gi ous opt i on f or bus i nes s pl a y er s . RI M s ma r k et ma i nl y bel ongs t o t he ent er pr i s e dev el opment . Us i ng t he Bl a c k Ber r y wi dget API s dev el oper s c a n c r ea t e s ea ml es s a ppl i c a t i ons . F or i ns t a nc e t he a ppl i c a t i on i nt er a c t i on bet ween a wi dget a nd t he Bl a c k Ber r y s E ma i l c l i ent a ppl i c a t i ons del i v er s a bi l i t y t o v i ew or edi t t he l es a nd doc ument s on t he memor y or ev en i t ena bl es l oc a t i on- ba s ed s er v i c es or t he medi a pl a y er a nd mor e a t a t i me . RI M Bl a c k ber r y dev el oper s c a n t a k e a dv a nt a ges of i t s uni quepus h t ec hnol og t ec hnol ogy whi c h ena bl es dy na mi c wi dget s t o r un i n t he ba c k gr ound a nd whi c h pr ov i des s ome pr o- a c t i v e a l er t s t o us er s i n a n a ppr opr i a t e ma nner . RI M BL ACKBE RRY • OS Ma r k et s ha r e Pi c t ur e s our c e: Ca na l y s • S ma r t phone s a l es r epor t pi c t ur e s our c e : www. ga r t ner . c om • PC s a l es es t i ma t ed gur es s our c e: www. ga r t ner . c om • S ma r t phones es t i ma t ed gur es s our c e: Wi r el es s E x per t i s e RE F E RE NCE S : • OS – Oper a t i ng S y s t em • PC – Per s ona l Comput er • T AM – T ot a l Av a i l a bl e Ma r k et • RI M – Res ea r c h I n Mot i on • RT OS - Rea l - T i me Oper a t i ng S y s t em • DNA – Deox y Nuc l ei c Ac i d Not r el a t i ona l t o t opi c • • VoI P – Voi c e ov er I nt er net T el ephony • PDA – Per s ona l Di gi t a l As s i t a nt • UNI X – A c omput er oper a t i ng s y s t em GL OS S ARY : L ea r n mor e a t ht t p: / / www. dot c omi nf owa y . c om Copy r i ght © 2000 - 2016 Dot Com I nf owa y

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Page 7 ABOUT DOT COM I NF OWAY OUR DOMAI NS Dot Com I nf owa y DCI i s a f ul l s er v i c e c us t om s of t wa r e a nd mobi l e a ppl i - c a t i on dev el opment c ompa ny wi t h a s pec i a l i z a t i on i n I nt er net ma r k et i ng a nd Mobi l e a pps ma r k et i ng s egment s . We a r e a n I S O 9001: 2000 c er t ied c ompa ny a nd our gl oba l c l i ent èl e e x per i enc es t he c ombi ned effec t s of our dedi c a t i on dev el opment a nd I nnov a t i on t ha t k eeps t hem a hea d i n t hei r i ndus t r y . • Cus t om s of t wa r e a nd a ppl i c a t i on dev el opment • Mobi l e a ppl i c a t i on dev el opment a nd Ma r k et i ng s er v i c es • I nt er net Ma r k et i ng s er v i c es • Web por t a l s des i gn a nd dev el opment • a nd a l l ot her I T ena bl ed s er v i c es . L ea r n mor e a t ht t p: / / www. dot c omi nf owa y . c om Copy r i ght © 2000 - 2016 Dot Com I nf owa y F or mor e i nf or ma t i on pl ea s e c ont a c t a s k dot c omi nf owa y . c om

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