world population day

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World population day is celebrated on 11 July. This year world population day was also celebrated. I uploaded this ppt to help the scholars to know more about world population day and increase their creativity.

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World population day World population day is an inter- -national level awareness campaign being celebrated all over the world to call people on stage to know the reason of this exploding population year by year as well as solve the big mistake of whole human fraternity. This great awareness event is to bring a population revolution globally as well as breaking sleep of all the deeply slept people to pay their full attention and help in combating this population issue.

World Population Day History:

World Population Day is a great event being celebrated all through the world annually on 11 th of July . It is celebrated to increase the awareness of the people towards the worldwide population issues. It was first started in the year 1989 by the Governing Council of the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP). It was exalted by the interest of the public when the global population became near about five billion at 11 th  of July in the year 1987 . World Population Day History

Why World Population Day is celebrated :

Why World Population Day is celebrated The aim of the Governing Council of the United Nations Development Programme is paying great attention towards the reproductive health problems of the community people as it is the leading cause of the ill health as well as the death of the pregnant women worldwide. It has been distinguished that around 800 women are dying daily in the procedure of giving birth to a baby. The campaign of the World Population Day every year increases the knowledge and skills of the people worldwide towards their reproductive health and family planning.

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  Some of the objectives of celebrating the world population day are mentioned below: It is celebrated to protect and empower youths of both gender like girls and boys. To offer them detail knowledge about the sexuality and delay marriages till they become able to understand their responsibilities. Educate youths to avoid unwanted pregnancies by using reasonable and youth friendly measures. Educate people to remove the gender stereotypes from society. Educate them about the pregnancy related illnesses to raise the public awareness about dangers of early childbirth. Educate them about STD (sexually transmitted diseases) to get prevented from various infections. Demand for some effective laws and policies implementation in order to protect girl child rights. Make sure about the access of equal primary education to both girls and boys. Make sure the easy access of reproductive health services everywhere as part the basic primary health for each couple.

How World Population Day is celebrated :

How World Population Day is celebrated World population day is celebrated on international level by organizing variety of activities and events to draw attention of mass people to work together on the issues of growing population. Some of the activities include seminar discussions, educational competitions, educational information sessions, essay writing competition, public contests on various topics, poster distribution, songs, sports activity, speeches, themes and messages distribution, workshops, lectures, debates, round table discussions, news distribution through press conferences, TV channels and news channels, relay of population related programmes on radio and television and so many. Various health organizations and population divisions works together to solve population issues by organizing conferences, meetings, project analysis and etc.

World Population Day 2015:

World Population Day 2015 World Population Day 2015 would be celebrated all over the world by the people on 11 th  of July at Saturday. The theme of 2015 is “Vulnerable Populations in Emergencies.

Population Growth:

Population Growth In biology,  population growth  is the increase in the number of individuals in a population. The population growth rate is the rate at which the number of individuals in a population increases in a given time period as a fraction of the initial population. Global human population growth amounts to around 75 million annually, or 1.1% per year. The global population has grown from 1 billion in 1800 to 7 billion in 2012. It is expected to keep growing, where estimates have put the total population at 8.4 billion by mid-2030, and 9.6 billion by mid-2050

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The growth rate of population is a function of migration, birth rate and death rate in a country. The change in population caused by net migration as a proportion of total population of the country is almost insignificant and, therefore, can be easily ignored. That leaves us with birth rate and death rate. The difference between the birth rate and the death rate measures the growth rate of population. The high population growth rates are due to high birth rate and fast declining death rates due to better sanitation and health facilities. However, the capacities to absorb increasing manpower are much weaker. Furthermore, the process of economic development tends to be more capital intensive under modern technological conditions, and hence, has less potential of employment generation in the short run. Since the total size of the population is already large, there is urgency for speedy achievement of demographic transition from high birth rate to low birth rate resulting in lower population growth.

effects of the rapid population growth in India:

effects of the rapid population growth in India Providing employment to growing population: This is so because in developing economies majority of the population is illiterate. The burden of school age population has already shown signs of becoming unbearable. The proportion of children in schools is increasing fast and, vast numbers are still not covered. The absolute number or illiterate persons increases every year. This is only an indication of the wastage of human resources for want of appropriate development opportunities. 

Problem of utilisation of manpower:

Problem of utilisation of manpower  Better educated manpower aspires for occupations of greater prestige , which are opened up by the new development efforts. Because of its capital intensive nature, the ability , of the new economy for employment generation becomes restricted. Simultaneously , it renders many of the old occupations out of day and redundant. As a result, under-employment and unemployment, including unemployment of educated persons, increases. There is thus wastage of even developed human capital. 

Over-strained infrastructure:

Over-strained infrastructure Facilities such as housing, transportation, health care, and education become inadequate. The worst symptoms of congestion in every aspect of living conditions are manifested in the urban areas. In countries such as India, a situation of "over urbanisation" prevails which puts unbearable strain on urban amenities. Overcrowded houses , slums and unsanitary localities traffic congestion and crowded hospitals have become common features in the developing countries. 

Pressure on land and other renewable natural resources:

Pressure on land and other renewable natural resources Common properties such as forest and water are over-exploited . This results in deforestation and desertification with permanent damage to the renewable resources. 

Increased cost of production :

Increased cost of production   Human ingenuity and technological advancement makes it possible to increase production of goods and services. But, it must be kept in mind that, the cost of production of the basic necessities of life, such as food, increases when the population is growing fast and worse lands are brought into cultivation with costly irrigation etc. 

Inequitable distribution of income:

Inequitable distribution of income Both at the international and national levels income disparities increase. The increase in gross national product (GNP) is greatly reduced in per capita terms on account of the rapidly growing population . In the face of a rapidly growing population, the major concern of a developing country tends to be focused more on economic growth as such. Considerations of unequal distribution of income are pushed to background . So inequalities within the country tend to widen further.

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Made by- Akshit Garg Class- 9 th A Roll no- 3

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