Ecofriendly Agriculturel Practises

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ECOFRIENDLY AGRICULTURAL PRACTISES

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AGRICULTURE Agriculture is the cultivation of animals, plants, fungi, and other life forms for food, fibre, and other products used to sustain life. Agriculture was the key development in the rise of sedentary human civilization, whereby farming of domesticated species created food surpluses that nurtured the development of civilization. The study of agriculture is known as agricultural science. FARMING FARMING

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TYPES OF AGRICULTURE

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SHIFTING AGRICULTURE Shifting agriculture is also known as slash and burn cultivation . Shifting agriculture is practiced by tribal communities of tropical forest lands . (ii) The people make a small clearing in the forest by cutting the trees and burning them . (iv ) It causes soil erosion .

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SUBSISTENCE FARMING In subsistence agriculture, farmer and his family produce cereals for themselves only or for local market . Cereals like wheat, rice, millets are mainly raised. This is practiced in most parts of India even today.

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INTENSIVE FARMING (i) Intensive farming aims at maximum possible production on the limited farms with all efforts possible under the circumstances . (ii) Intensive farming is capable of raising more than one crop a year . (iii) It is practiced in most parts of densely populated areas.

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EXTENSIVE FARMING (i) It is the modern system of farming done on large farms . ( ii) It is also known as mechanical farming due to extensive use of machines . (iii) Extensive farm raises only one crop a year .

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PLANTATION AGRICULTURE (i) In plantation agriculture, bush or tree farming is done on huge areas . (ii) It is capital-centered and needs good managerial ability, technical knowledge, improved machineries, fertilizers, irrigation and transport facilities .

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COMMERCIAL AGRICULTURE (i) Commercial Agriculture is practiced to raise crops on a large scale with a view to export them to other countries and earn money . (ii) It is done mostly in sparsely populated areas . (iii) Purpose of commercial agriculture is to sell the produce for money.

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AGRICULTURAL PRACTISES The term Good Agricultural Practices (GAP) can refer to any collection of specific methods, which when applied to agriculture, results that are in harmony with the values of the proponents of those practices. There are numerous competing definitions of what methods constitute "Good Agricultural Practices", so whether a practice can be considered "good" will depend on the standards you are applying. The remainder of this article describes one particular definition of "Good Agricultural Practices" as defined by the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) of the United Nations.

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TYPES OF AGRICULTURAL PRACTISES

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HORICULTURE Horticulture is the art , science , technology and business of intensive plant cultivation for human use. It is practiced from the individual level in a garden up to the activities of a multinational corporation. It is very diverse in its activities, incorporating plants for food.

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CROP ROTATION Crop rotation is the practice of growing a series of dissimilar types of crops in the same area in sequential seasons. Crop rotation confers various benefits to the soil. A traditional element of crop rotation is the replenishment of nitrogen through the use of green manure in sequence with cereals and other crops.

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ECOFRIENDLY AGRICULTURAL PRACTISES

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ORGANIC FARMING Organic farming is the form of agriculture that relies on techniques such as crop rotation , green manure , compost and biological pest control . Organic farming uses fertilizers and pesticides but excludes or strictly limits the use of manufactured (synthetic) fertilizers

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NATURE FARMING Natural farming is an ecological farming  The title refers not to lack of labour, but to the avoidance of manufactured inputs and equipment ., Eco agriculture and permaculture but should be distinguished from biodynamic agriculture.

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REGENERATIVE AGRICULTURE Regenerative Agriculture reminds us of the true importance of farmers in our society. The ridiculous image of the farmer as hick and redneck is forgotten. We remember that agriculture is the foundation of all civilization, that when you improve agriculture, you elevate the whole society.

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PERMACULTURE Permaculture is a theory of ecological design which seeks to develop sustainable human settlements and agricultural systems, by attempting to model them on natural ecosystems . Permaculture draws from several other disciplines including organic farming, agroforestry .

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BIODYNOMIC AGRICULTURE Biodynamic agriculture is a method of organic farming that emphasizes the holistic development and interrelationships of the soil, plants and animals as a self-sustaining system.

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SO THESE ALL WERE ECO FRIENDLY AGRICULTURAL PRACTISES ! THANK YOU ! AKSHAT JAIN IX – D 2 MADE BY -

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