2 - Parts of Computers

Views:
 
Category: Entertainment
     
 

Presentation Description

No description available.

Comments

Presentation Transcript

PowerPoint Presentation:

Introduction to Computer Administration

PowerPoint Presentation:

Looking Inside the Computer System

Parts of the Computer System:

1B- 3 Parts of the Computer System Computer systems have four parts Hardware Software Data User

Parts of the Computer System:

1B- 4 Parts of the Computer System Hardware Mechanical devices in the computer Anything that can be touched Software Tell the computer what to do Also called a program Thousands of programs exist

Parts of the Computer System:

1B- 5 Parts of the Computer System Data Pieces of information Computer organize and present data Users People operating the computer Most important part Tell the computer what to do

Information Processing Cycle:

1B- 6 Information Processing Cycle Steps followed to process data Input Processing Output Storage

Essential Computer Hardware:

1B- 7 Essential Computer Hardware Computers use the same basic hardware Hardware categorized into four types

Essential Computer Hardware:

1B- 8 Essential Computer Hardware Processing devices Brains of the computer Carries out instructions from the program Manipulate the data Most computers have multiple processors Central Processing Unit (CPU) Secondary processors Processors made of silicon and copper

Essential Computer Hardware:

1B- 9 Essential Computer Hardware Memory devices Stores data or programs Random Access Memory (RAM) Volatile Stores current data and programs More RAM results in a faster system Read Only Memory (ROM) Permanent storage of programs Holds the computer boot directions

Essential Computer Hardware:

1B- 10 Essential Computer Hardware Input and output devices Allows the user to interact Input devices accept data Keyboard, mouse Output devices deliver data Monitor, printer, speaker Some devices are input and output Touch screens

Essential Computer Hardware:

1B- 11 Essential Computer Hardware Storage devices Hold data and programs permanently Different from RAM Magnetic storage Floppy and hard drive Uses a magnet to access data Optical storage CD and DVD drives Uses a laser to access data

Software Runs The Machine:

1B- 12 Software Runs The Machine Tells the computer what to do Reason people purchase computers Two types System software Application software

Software Runs The Machine:

1B- 13 Software Runs The Machine System software Most important software Operating system Windows XP Network operating system (OS) Windows Server 2003 Utility Symantec AntiVirus

Software Runs The Machine:

1B- 14 Software Runs The Machine Application software Accomplishes a specific task Most common type of software MS Word Covers most common uses of computers

Computer data:

1B- 15 Computer data Fact with no meaning on its own Stored using the binary number system Data can be organized into files

Computer users:

1B- 16 Computer users Role depends on ability Setup the system Install software Mange files Maintain the system “Userless” computers Run with no user input Automated systems

Reference Book::

Reference Book: Introduction to Computers , Peter Norton McGraw-Hill. www.mhhe.com/peternorton