CAUSATIVE VERBS

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CAUSATIVE VERBSBy: AJIT SINGH ENGLISH TRAINER : 

CAUSATIVE VERBSBy: AJIT SINGH ENGLISH TRAINER

Causative verbs are used to indicate that one person causes a second person to do something for the first person. The causative are : have, get, make : 

Causative verbs are used to indicate that one person causes a second person to do something for the first person. The causative are : have, get, make • Have/ Get the pattern Have active S + have + complement + verb in simple form (any tenses) usually person ( V1 ) examples 1. Marry has John wash the car (present tense) 2. Marry had John wash the car (past tense) 3. Marry is having John wash the car ( present continuous) 4. Marry has had John wash the car (present perfect) 5. Marry had had John wash the car (past perfect) 6. Marry will have John wash the car (future tenses)

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The pattern Get Active S + get + complement + verb in infinitive (any tense) (usually person) (to + v1) Examples Marry gets John to wash the car (simple present) Marry got John to wash the car (past tense) Marry is getting John to wash the car (present continuous) The pattern Have and Get Passive S + Have/ Get + complement + verb in past participle (any tense) (usually thing) V3 Examples James has/gets his shirts cleaned at the drycleaners Pat is having/is getting her car repaired this week Anna had/got her paper typed by a friend.

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Make→→ can be followed only by a clause in the active voice. It is stronger than have or get. It means force. The pattern Make/force S + make + complement + verb in simple form any tense v1 S + force + complement + verb in Infinitive any tense to + v1 Examples The teacher always makes the children stay in their class The teacher always forces the children to stay in their class The manager made the salesmen attend the conference The manager forced the salesmen to attend the conference The president is making his cabinet members sign this document The president is forcing his cabinet members to sign this document

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Let →→ is not actually causative, it means allow or permit. The pattern Let/ permit/allow S + let + complement + verb in simple form (any tense) v1 S + permit + complement + verb in infinitive allow (any tense) to + v1 Examples John let his daughter swim with her best friend John permitted/ allowed his daughter to swim with her best friend Dr Jones is letting the students hand in the papers 4. Dr. Jones is permitting/allowing the students to hand in the papers

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Exercises The teacher made Juan _______ (leave) the room. Toshiko had her car _______ (repair) by a machine. Ellen got Marvin _____ (type) her paper We got our house _______ (paint) last week Mark got his transcripts ______ (send) to the university 6. The teacher let Al _____ (leave) the classroom

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