Michael Marks Time Banking, Part 2

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Incorporating Time Bank Service Exchange Systems within System of Care Initiatives: Benefits, Challenges, Practical Applications : 

Incorporating Time Bank Service Exchange Systems within System of Care Initiatives: Benefits, Challenges, Practical Applications Time Banking as a Tool to Enhance Individual/Family Service Outcomes   September, 2013  

Agenda: 

Agenda (Re)introducing the concept of Time B anking Case examples/vignettes showcasing the added value of Time Banking in improving case outcomes Implementation challenges at the micro level The call for innovation/experimentation Q/A

Theoretical Basis for Time Banking: Co-Production : 

Theoretical Basis for Time Banking: Co-Production Co-production (Cahn, 2004) is a framework and set of techniques used by social service organizations to enlist active client participation in service programming. Co-production interventions seek to enlist active client participation through opportunities for youth to become “resources,” “contributors,” and “change agents.” Co-production interventions hold promise in achieving individual results for youth and their families as well as positively impacting on organizations and communities.

What is Time Banking? : 

What is Time Banking? Time Banking : A unique transaction-based system and approach that leverages the talents, capabilities and energies of individuals traditionally referred to as “clients” so that they are viewed as partners and co-producers to achieve mutually agreed upon goals and outcomes.

What is Time Banking?: 

What is Time Banking?

Time Banking Exchanges (Services Provided) : 

Time Banking Exchanges (Services Provided) Youth Helping Youth in program (YY) Youth helping their family members (YF) Youth helping families other than their own in program (YF) Youth repairing harm to victims directly (YV) Youth assisting Time Bank members as part of restorative justice contract (Y-TB) Youth assisting host organization (Y-CBO1) Youth assisting another community organization (Y-CBO2)

Time Banking Exchanges (Services Received): 

Time Banking Exchanges (Services Received) Services from other members Special privileges Donated goods Admission to trips/events Access to ancillary funds

Time Bank Variations : 

Time Bank Variations “Stand-Alone” often called “Neighbor to Neighbor” “Embedded” within organizations often called “Individual-Organizational” Within Embedded, membership can be restricted or unrestricted

We learn by doing : 

We learn by doing Trial and error Do Learn Fail Do Learn Succeed Do Learn Fail Do Learn Fail Do Learn Succeed

Using Time Banking to Improve Mental Health : 

Using Time Banking to Improve Mental Health Goals of Time Bank Participation Enhance personal control Reduce anxiety Reduce social isolation Promote inclusion

Using Time Banking to Improve Mental Health : 

Using Time Banking to Improve Mental Health Research results from Community Exchange Time Bank-Lehigh Valley, PA Health Network Metropolitan Jewish Health Systems Eldercare Plan l

Using Time Banking to Address Basic Family Needs : 

Using Time Banking to Address Basic Family Needs Case Vignette: The Smith Family (see attachment)

Using Time Banking to Address Basic Family Needs : 

Using Time Banking to Address Basic Family Needs Discussion Questions: Smith Family Vignette   1.Identify how the youth and family member(s) gave and received services and with whom. 2. What short- and long-term benefits were afforded to the youth/family from the exchanges? 3. How might these relationships be sustainable after the youth and family complete the services program?  

Using Time Banking to Cultivate Positive Youth/Family Relationships : 

Using Time Banking to Cultivate Positive Youth/Family Relationships Case Vignette:The Stack Family (see attachment)

Using Time Banking to Cultivate Positive Youth/Family Relationships : 

Using Time Banking to Cultivate Positive Youth/Family Relationships Discussion Questions: The Stack Family Can you identify the exchanges that occurred in the case example. Are there any other exchange ideas that could build off this initial set of exchanges? What changes might have occurred in the relationship between Chris and his mom through this experience?

Using Time Banking as a Restorative Tool : 

Using Time Banking as a Restorative Tool Case Vignette: The Baxter Family (see attachment)

Using Time Banking as a Restorative Tool: 

Using Time Banking as a Restorative Tool Discussion Questions: The Baxter Family What benefits resulted from using Time Banking to repair the damaged window? Can you think of other circumstances where time banking can be a tool for restorative justice interventions? Challenges/limitations to using Time Banking in this way?

Using Time Banking to Promote Youth Engagement, Leadership and Build Social Capital : 

Using Time Banking to Promote Youth Engagement, Leadership and Build Social Capital See transcript #1 See transcript #2

Using Time Banking to Promote Youth Engagement and Leadership and Build Social Capital (continued): 

Using Time Banking to Promote Youth Engagement and Leadership and Build Social Capital (continued) Discussion Questions(Transcripts) What changes in staff/youth roles and relationships were evidenced from the transcript material? How would you categorize levels of youth engagement from what you heard? To what extent can these experiences and new skills be transferable to other life domains for young people?

Using Time Banking to Build Engaged and Sustainable Family Teams : 

Using Time Banking to Build Engaged and Sustainable Family Teams What are the challenges associated with fostering engaged and sustainable family teams in support of families who have children that exhibit severe emotional disturbances?

Using Time Banking to Build Engaged and Sustainable Family Teams (continued): 

Using Time Banking to Build Engaged and Sustainable Family Teams (continued) A Template for Co-production Agreements (see attachment)

Implementation Challenges for Time Bank Service Exchanges : 

Implementation Challenges for Time Bank Service Exchanges What implementation challenges do you envision in starting up Time Banks either within service programs or within communities?

Implementation Challenges for Time Bank Service Exchanges : 

Implementation Challenges for Time Bank Service Exchanges Administrative Service Mismatches Good vs. Services Participant Circumstances Transportation Child Care Safety/Crises Mental Health Challenges

Implementation Challenges for Time Bank Service Exchanges (continued): 

Implementation Challenges for Time Bank Service Exchanges (continued) Possible Solutions Flexible approaches to earning hours Use of flex fund to incentivize participation and address challenges Supervised group interventions to ensure safety Allowing for situations (e.g., family crises) where hours needed exceed hours earned

Summary and Conclusion : 

Summary and Conclusion Time Banking as a tool to help foster: Active youth and family engagement Full implementation of wraparound processes   Family and youth leadership

Questions and Answers : 

Questions and Answers

Contact Info : 

Contact Info Michael B. Marks: mmarks@air.org