CABINET MISSION PLAN

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CABINET MISSION PLAN 1946 : 

CABINET MISSION PLAN 1946 Presented to:- SIR IJAZ ATHER

GROUP MEMBERS : 

GROUP MEMBERS DANISH ALI AHSAN RABIB HUSSNAIN RAFIQUE

OUTLINES : 

OUTLINES CABINET MISSION PLAN Plan of May 16 Plan of June 16 Reactions and acceptance Formation of a government Coalition and breakdown

CABINET MISSION PLAN : 

CABINET MISSION PLAN The British Cabinet Mission of 1946 to India aimed to discuss and plan for the transfer of power from the British Raj to Indian leadership, providing India with independence under Dominion status in the Commonwealth of Nations.

The Mission purpose was: : 

The Mission purpose was: Hold preparatory discussions with elected representatives of British India and the Indian states in order to secure agreement as to the method of framing the constitution. Setting up of a constitution body. Setting up an Executive Council with the support of the main Indian parties.

CONTINUE…. : 

CONTINUE…. * The Mission held talks with the representatives of the Indian National Congress and the All India Muslim League, the two largest political parties in the Constituent Assembly of India. * The two parties had planned on coming to terms of power-sharing between Hindus and Muslims to prevent a communal fall-out as well as to determine British India would be better-off unified or divided.

Plan of MAY 16 : 

Plan of MAY 16 A united Dominion of India would be given independence. Muslim-majority provinces would be grouped - Baluchistan, SindH, Punjab and North-West Frontier Province would form one group, and Bengal and Assam would form another. Hindu-majority provinces in central and southern India would form another group. The Central government would be empowered to run foreign affairs, defenses and communications, while the rest of powers and responsibility would belong to the provinces, coordinated by groups

Video : 

Video

Plan of June 16 : 

Plan of June 16 *The plan of May 16, 1946 had envisaged a united India in line with Congress and Muslim League aspirations. But that was where the consensus between the two parties ended since Congress abhorred the idea of having groupings of Muslim majority provinces and that of Hindu majority provinces with the intention of 'balancing' each other at the Central Legislature. * The Muslim League could not accept any changes to this plan since the same 'balance' or 'parity' that Congress was loath to accept formed the basis of Muslim demands of 'political safeguards' built in to post-British Indian laws so as to prevent absolute rule of Hindus over Muslims.

Continue…. : 

Continue…. * The Cabinet Mission arrived in India on March 23, 1946 and in Delhi on April 2, 1946. The announcement of the Plan on May 16, 1946 was preceded by the Simla Conference of 1946 in the first week of May.

Video : 

Video

Reactions and acceptance : 

Reactions and acceptance *The approval of the plans would determine the composition of the new government. The Congress Working Committee had initially approved the plan. * However, on 10 July, Jawaharlal Nehru, who later became the first prime minister of India, held a press conference in Bombay declaring that the Congress had agreed only to participate in the Constituent Assembly and "regards itself free to change or modify the Cabinet Mission Plan as it thought best.

Continue….. : 

Continue….. * The Congress ruled out the June 16 plan, seeing it as the division of India into small states More over, the Congress was a Centralist party. Intellectuals like Kanji Dawarkadas criticized the Cabinet Plan. Congress was against decentralization and it had been under pressure from Indian capitalists who wanted a strong Center. The plan's strongest opponent was the principal Indian leader Mohandas Gandhi, due to the reason that the territories had been grouped together on the basis of religion.

Formation of a government : 

Formation of a government The Viceroy began organizing the transfer of power to a Congress-League coalition. But League president Muhammad Ali Jinnah denounced the hesitant and conditional approval of the Congress and rescinded League approval of both plans. Thus Congress leaders entered the newly styled Viceroy's Executive Council.

Coalition and breakdown : 

Coalition and breakdown Jinnah and the League condemned the new government, and vowed to agitate for Pakistan by any means possible. Disorder arose in Punjab and Bengal, including the cities of Delhi, Bombay and Calcutta. On the League-organized Direct Action Day, over 5,000 people were killed across India, and Hindu, Sikh and Muslim mobs began clashing routinely.

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