HUMAN RESOURCES DEVELOPMENT

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The current study discusses human resource development is the framework for helping employees develop their personal and organizational skills, knowledge, and abilities. The main aim of the human resource department in an organization is to make sure that the organizations have the supply of skilled and trained resources to execute the different processes in the organization.

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HUMAN RESOURCES DEVELOPMENT Adverd Muzoo The current study discuss human resource development is the framework for helping employees develop their personal and organizational skills knowledge and abilities. The main aim of the human resource department in an organization is to make sure that the organizations has the supply of skilled and trained resources to execute the different processes in the organization.

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Introduction Human Resource Development HRD is a practice that combines training organization development and career development efforts to encourage improvement of individual group and organizational performance. The main aim of the human resource department in an organization is to make sure that the organizations has the supply of skilled and trained resources to execute the different processes in the organization. Human Resource Development is one of the most important departments of an organization as it takes care of the most important asset of the organization – its employees. In this paper the different methods used by the human resource management department in an organization to train the employees will be discussed. Task 2 2.1 Compare the training needs for staff at different levels in an organization. Before developing the training and development programs it is essential to identify the training needs at the different levels of the organization. Single training program cannot fulfill the training needs of the employees who have different roles and responsibilities. Hence the training needs are to be identified in advance. There are some basic training needs which arise from the organizational goals and objectives. While assessing the training needs human resource development department needs to include the skills which are relevant to the role and responsibility of a particular employee. The tasks which are related to the job assigned to an employee have to be taken care in the training program. The existing skill set of the employees also affect the content of the training program. For the new employees which are freshly graduated from the college and joined the organization as their first professional job needs basic training which should allow them to know about the processes used in the organization. Hence the training needs for these employees are to make them aware of the organization’s policies and the best practices followed at the organization. Since these employees do not have any experience of interacting with the clients they need to be trained in the soft skills which include the development of the communication skills and maintain the positive body language. In case their roles in the organization involve technical knowledge the technical training sessions should also be included in the program. On the other hand the training program for the experienced employees who are at the senior level the training needs are different. For example when a team lead is promoted to the designation of project manager his training needs include the knowledge of the project management tools and negotiations skills so that he could manage the project work and negotiate with the clients on the same time.

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2.2 Assess the advantages and disadvantages of training methods used in an organization Every organization has its own methods of training and development of the employees. The training methods being used in the organizations have their advantages and disadvantages which need to be analyzed while developing the training events. On the job training method is one of the most used and effective training method used in the organizations. Instead of developing a training program to provide theoretical knowledge to the employee he is asked to work on a live task under the monitoring of an experienced and responsible employee. It is the responsibility of the supervisor to make sure that the task is completed by the employee as per the requirement and provide required help the employee in doing so. Employee work on the actual job location and through hands on he learns about the job. The disadvantage of on the job training method is that it lacks the well-structured training environment. The employee might miss the basics of a particular task and focus only on the aspects and challenges which come before him while working. Another disadvantage of this method is that the supervisor might not have the appropriate skills to be transferred to the employee. On the job training method also does not have a well-defined performance monitoring criterion as the expectations from the new employee are not clearly defined. Rotation of the job in the form of changing roles and responsibilities is another training method used by the organizations. In this method an employee is assigned a different job after he has learned all the aspects of his existing job. The main advantage of job rotation method is that the employees are cross trained in various technologies and roles and introduce flexibility in the organization. But this method sometimes might not work if an employee does not want to change his job profile and wants to gain expertise in one area and look for the opportunities in the same area. Apprentice is also used to train the employees. During the apprentice period employee is given instructions to perform a task and he gains experience while working. In this method the employee is trained in the theory as well as practical aspects of the job. The main advantage of this method is that the employee receives one to one training. The disadvantage of this method is the long duration and predetermined period which could not be changed once the process is started. 2.3 Use a systematic approach to plan training and development for a training event

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Planning a training and development event is a systematic approach in which lays path for the learning of the employees in an organization. Plan for the organization of a training and development event is done in the following steps: • Training Need Analysis: This is the introductory step for the training and development even. In case of chosen organization the training and development event for 30 newly joined software developers in the organization would be developed. These trainees come directly from the college and do not have any prior experience of working in an Information Technology organization. Hence they need to be trained in the technical stuff such as programming languages coding best practices test case preparation unit testing and integration testing along with basic soft skills. • Readiness for training: Training is mandatory for all the newly joined employees so that a platform for their growth and contribution in the organizational goals could be prepared. • Creating learning Environment: These 30 newly joined employees will be divided into 2 groups where first group would be trained in the programming languages and coding while the second group would be trained in the software testing. • The design for the training is also developed in which the learning objectives methods of training and training plan are accommodated. • Ensuring Transfer of Training: Experienced employees from the organization such as Team leads module leads and project managers would organize the learning transfer process • Developing an evaluation plan: Trainees progress would be evaluated on the basis of the objective tests and subjective tests after the completion of each module. • Selecting Training Method: The training would involve the e-learning concept building classes hands on experience would be used in the training event. • Monitoring and evaluating the program: The material used in the training and development process is continuously reviewed so that the latest technologies and competencies are included in the training material Read More: https://goo.gl/b5vFaU

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