plurals

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Plurals

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Almost all common nouns can be plural Most only need to add the letter” s ” to the end of the word car s mother s house s name s sister s dog s cat s

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When the common noun finishe s with the letters: s ss sh ch x z We must add “ es ” glass  glass es brush  brush es watch  watch es

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When a common noun finishes with the letter “ o ”, we distinguish that ones derive from Latin , old Greek or Italian , and the others . video  video s radio  radio s The words of Latin , old Greek or Italian origin follow the general rule: they add “ s ” to the end of singular. photo  photo s  piano piano s The other words form the plural by adding “ es ” tomato  tomato es potato  potato es

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When the common noun finishes with letter “ fe ” or “ f ” , we change the “ f ” in “ v ” and add “ es ”. All the others became plural by adding “ s ”. safe  safe s gulf  gulf s handkerchief  handkerchief s roof  roof s chief  chief s When the common noun finishes in “ y ” and is preceded by a vowel , the letter “y” remains the same and we add “ s ”, but if the “ y ” is preceded by a consonant , the “y” becomes “ i ” and we add “ es ”. calf  calv es wolf  wolv es leaf  leav es self  selv es loaf  loav es wife  wiv es thief  thiev es half  halv es watch  watch es life  liv es shelf  shelv es knife  kniv es policeman  policemen toy  toy s lady  lad ies boy  boy s baby  bab ies monkey  monkey s fly  fl ies There also a group of common nouns which are irregular: man  men gentleman  gentlemen woman  women policewoman  policewomen gentlewoman  gentlewomen child  children person  people tooth  teeth foot  feet goose  geese ox  oxen louse  lice mouse  mice