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PRESENTATION ON Charismatic Leadership:

PRESENTATION ON Charismatic Leadership PRES

Charismatic Power:

Charismatic Power Self-confidence Vision Ability to articulate the vision Strong convictions about the vision Behavior that is out of the ordinary Change agent Environmental sensitivity

Charismatic Leaders:

Charismatic Leaders I know I have but the body of a weak and feeble woman; but I have the heart of a king, and of a king of England, too. "Never give in--never, never, never, never, in nothing great or small, large or petty, never give in except to convictions of honour and good sense. Never yield to force; never yield to the apparently overwhelming might of the enemy.''

Max Weber:

Max Weber Adapted theological concept of charisma to leadership in general Extraordinariness bestowed by followers, rather than God Five requirements: Extraordinary gifts A crisis A radical solution to the crisis Followers who believe in a link, through leader, to transcendent powers Validation through repeated success

Conger and Kanungo:

Conger and Kanungo Charisma is attributed to leaders by followers Depends on both leader attributes and the situation Leader behaviors Vision of change (within limits) Self-sacrificing, risk-taking Confidence Environmental sensitivity

Charismatic Leadership:

Charismatic Leadership Perspectives on Charismatic Leadership Sociological Approach Psychoanalytical Approach Political Approach Behavioral Approach Attribution Approach Communication Approach

Sociological Approach:

Sociological Approach Max Weber Charisma in Greek means “gift” Five key components A leader with extraordinary vision, almost magical, talents An unstable or crisis situation A radical vision for providing a solution to the crisis A group of followers attracted to the extraordinary leader because they believe they are linked through the leader to powers that exceed usual limits. A validation, through repeated success, of the extraordinary leader’s talents and power.

Psychoanalytic Approach:

Psychoanalytic Approach Zaleznik Managers different from leaders Leaders bring about change, take risks and arouse emotions Freud Intense follower identification is explained by: Regression Transference Projection

Political Approach:

Political Approach Not always in agreement on who is charismatic Schweitzer says there are different types: Giants Luminaries Failures Aspirants

Political Approach:

Political Approach Willner looks at charisma on the basis of the leader-follower relationship: Attribute divine or semi-divine qualities to their leaders Believe that their leaders have supernatural abilities Offer absolute devotion and obedience Are loyal

Behavioral Approach:

Behavioral Approach Use a set of behaviors to define it Compare those that are charismatic with those who are not House and Bass’ Propositions: Leader Behaviors Leader-Follower relations Elements of the charismatic situation

Attribution Approach:

Attribution Approach Conger and Kanungo look at charisma from the perceptions of the followers: Possess a vision that is unique, yet attainable Act in an unconventional manner Demonstrate personal commitment and risk taking Demonstrate confidence and expertise Demonstrate personal power

Communication Approach:

Communication Approach Authors say communication is the most important element Charismatic Leaders excel in all three functions of communication Relationship builders As Visionaries As Influence Agents

Dark Side of Charisma:

Dark Side of Charisma Ethical Charismatic Leader Uses power to serve others Aligns vision with followers’ needs and aspirations Considers and learns from criticism. Encourages followers to question leader’s view Coaches, develops and supports followers Relies on internal moral standards Unethical Charismatic Leader Uses power only for personal gain Promotes personal vision Censures critical or opposing views Demands own decisions accepted without question Insensitive to follower’s needs Relies on convenient external moral standards

Significant Abuses Contributing to Leadership Failure:

Significant Abuses Contributing to Leadership Failure Failure of vision Misarticulation of goals Poor management practices



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