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Premium member Presentation Transcript United Nations: United Nations - Aditya DesaiHow the UN Works: How the UN Works Established on 24 October 1945 51 countries were committed to preserving peace through international cooperation UN Membership: 192 countries States agree to accept obligations of the UN Charter , an international treaty that sets out basic principles UN Charter: UN Charter According to the Charter the UN has 4 basic principles: 1. Maintain international peace and security 2. Develop friendly relations among nations 3. Cooperate in solving international problems and promote respect for human rights 4. Be the center for harmonizing the actions of nationsUN Works in UNity: UN Works in UNity The UN is not a world government It does not make laws Large or small, rich or poor, and with differing political views and social systems: All member states have a voice All member states have a voteMain Bodies: Main Bodies Economic & Social Council Intrnatnl Court of Justice General Assembly Trustiship Council Security Council Secrtariat Make UNGeneral Assembly: General Assembly The main deliberative organ of the UN Composed of all member states Each member has one vote. Decisions on important issues require two thirds majority vote Peace and Security Admissions of new members Budget matters Decisions on other issues: simple majorityFunctions and Powers : Functions and Powers Maintain international peace and security (disarmament) Make recommendations to the Security council Promote international political cooperation Develop international law Promote human rights Over see international collaboration in the economic, social, humanitarian, cultural, and educational and health fieldsSecurity Council: Security Council Primary responsibility to maintain peace and security A representative of each member must be present at all times at the UN Headquarters 15 Council Members Five permanent members: China France Russian Federation United Kingdom United StatesSecurity Council: Security Council Ten non-permanent members elected by the General Assembly for two year terms Austria Japan Turkey Bosnia and Herzegovina Lebanon Uganda Brazil Mexico Gabon Nigeria Each member has one vote Japanese Peace BellFunctions and Powers during Fight/ War : Functions and Powers during Fight/ War In the event of fighting the Council: Tries to secure a ceasefire May send peace keeping mission Impose economic sanctions Order an arms embargo Rare occasions “all means necessary” The Council makes recommendations to the General Assembly on: appointment of Secretary General admission of new Members to the UNEconomic and Social Council: Economic and Social Council Council has 54 members Elected by the General Assembly Three year terms Serves as central forum for discussing international economic and social issuesFunctions and Powers: Functions and Powers This Council is responsible for: Promoting higher standards of living Full employment Economic and social progress Identifying solutions to international economic, social and health problems Facilitating international cultural and educational cooperation Encourage universal respect for human rights and fundamental freedomsTrusteeship Council: Trusteeship Council Suspended operation 1 Nov, 1994 Palau: last remaining UN trust territory Council amended rule to meet annually Meet when required by President, General Assembly, Security Council or a majority of members Established to promote the advancement of developing countries towards self-government or independence. China, France, Russian Federation, UK and USSecretariat : Secretariat International staff working in duty stations athe world Carry out diverse day to day work of the UN Survey economic and social trends Prepare studies on human rights and sustainable development Inform the media about work of the UNFunctions and Powers: Functions and Powers Organize international conferences Interpret speeches Translate documents Staff 8,900 under a regular budget from some 170 countries Take oath not to seek or receive instructions from any governmentSlide 16: International Court of Justice Hears cases involving legal disputes among governments Clarifies questions of international law Interprets the UN Charter Composed of 15 judges , elected to office for 9 year terms by UN GA &SC Official languages are English and FrenchBibliography: Bibliography Refrences from – Google images www.un.org wikipedia.orgSlide 18: THE ENDSlide 19: Thanks For Watching the video. 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