The Indian Entrepreneur : The Indian Entrepreneur Presented by
ADARSH.R Shri Ghanshyam Das “GD” Birla (April 10, 1894 – January 11, 1983) Slide 2: Birla Family
GD & Mahatma…
Awards / Honors
Beyond business Ghanshyamdas Birla was a complex public figure, businessman, merchant, philanthropist, political figure, and builder of magnificent temples. He was deeply involved in the affairs of the Indian National Congress and was its most important benefactor. He challenged the colonial domination of the Indian economy and was an industrial pioneer whose initiatives helped create a climate in which Indian enterprise could flourish. Slide 3: Mr. G.P Birla Mr. C.K Birla Mr. K.K Birla Birla Family Industrialist …. : Industrialist …. Born on April 10, 1894, G.D. Birla, was a native of Pilani
Birla’s grandfather Sheth Shivnarayan Birla, a member of the Marwari community from the westerly state of Rajasthan ...... was a traditional Marwari moneylender against pawned items
The founder of the Birla Group was Baldeo Das Birla. He moved to Calcutta to set up the family business during the late nineteenth century, and with it established close ties to the freedom movement of the time Slide 5: At the age of 13, G.D was already carving out a career as a trader and broker in Gunny and Hessian in Calcutta
As a broker, GD had to call on many British 'Burra Saheb'. The practice was that some benches the waiting room were reserved for the use of whites only. GD's spirit rebelled against the humiliation involve; he decided that would have his own Jute Mill.
In Calcutta, he joined the Bengali terrorists. He was named among those wanted in the Rodda conspiracy case to smuggle arms and went underground for three months. Slide 6: Ghanshyam Das Birla entered the business arena during the time of First World War .
Besides opium and silver, they made a killing supply of jute bags and uniforms to the army when World War I broke out. They went into textiles in a big way setting up mills across the country.
He established a cotton mill in Sabzi Mandi, and later on established Keshoram Cotton Mills. Along with cotton mills he diversified to jute business and shifted his base to Calcutta city in Bengal, the world's largest jute producing region.
He established Birla Jute Mills in Bengal, much to the consternation of established European merchants. Slide 7: In 1919, with an investment of Rs. 50 lakhs, the Birla Brothers Limited was formed and a mill was set up in Gwalior.
In 1930s, G.D. Birla set up Sugar and Paper mills.
In 1940s, he ventured into the territory of cars and established Hindustan Motors(BM Birla).
After independence, GD invested in tea and textiles through a series of acquisitions of erstwhile European companies.
He also expanded and diversified into cement, chemicals, rayon and steel tubes.
death came to him in London on June 11, 1983 at the age of 89 Slide 8: GD was consistent in his fight for the interests of the emerging Indian industrial capitalism. It was his prescription for fiscal autonomy, that ensured full protection to Indian industry.
He was in the forefront of the campaign against the government's currency policy.
In the second round table conference, he worked hard against inclusion financial safeguards in what later became the Government of India Act of 1935. Slide 9: GD is one of the pioneers of Indian industrialisation. But he was more than just an industrialist, he was a visionary, a freedom fighter and much more.
Birla's public career begins with his nomination to the Bengal Legislative Council.
G. D. Birla became a member of the Assembly in 1926 from Benares - Gorakhpur constituency on the ticket of Madan Mohan Malaviya and Lala Lajput Rai's Nationalist Party. Public Career… Slide 10: G.D. also became the chief spokesman of the Marwari community in the European-dominated Chambers of Commerce and the Bengal assembly.
In 1929, The government had brought before the assembly two Bills, the Public Safety Bill and the Trades Disputes Bill. The Swarajists opposed them while the Bombay mill owners supported them.
After a wave of protests in 1929. G.D. felt that Lajpat Rai and his party would not be able to deliver the goods and he tilted towards the congress Slide 11: In the early thirties, G. D. went to England to influence those who were involved in making Indian policy. He kept Gandhiji informed of the developments of England. G. D. enjoyed the trust of many Congress leaders. G.D had a particularly close relation Sardar Patel, Jayprakash Narayan and Bidhan Chandra Roy.
After the war…G.D along with leading Indian industrialists went to England and America to arrange for a post-war economic collaboration
Acting as a mediator with the government on behalf of industry, he was the original lobbyist who established a nexus between business and politicians. GD came in contact with Mahatma Gandhi in 1916 and their association soon became very close. The Birla’s are known for their work and support of the nation during the freedom struggle, and the family were close friends of Mahatma Gandhi. : GD came in contact with Mahatma Gandhi in 1916 and their association soon became very close. The Birla’s are known for their work and support of the nation during the freedom struggle, and the family were close friends of Mahatma Gandhi. GD & Mahatma… As early as 1924 Gandhiji wrote to GD that he regarded him as one of his mentoras.
He advised Gandhi on economic policies. Slide 13: In the thirties Gandhiji began to stay at Birla House whenever he was in Delhi. Tragically, it was at Birla House that Gandhiji was assassinated Gandhi’s room at Birla house “My first meeting with Gandhiji was in 1916 — our contact continued to the end of his life, a period of 32 years — when he died in my house in Delhi. How did I come in touch with him? The hidden hand of destiny, which works in an inscrutable manner, should alone be credited with this fortunate occurrence in my life."— G.D. Birla,In the Shadow of the Mahatma Achievements : Achievements Laid the foundations of the Birla Empire
GD was a delegate to the Second Round Table Conference in London in 1931
He founded at Pilani the Birla Education Trust and Birla Institute of Technology and Science, an autonomous body Founder of Indian Chambers of Commerce, Calcutta
Founder of Federation of Indian Chambers of Commerce and Industry (FICCI).
(Established in 1927, FICCI is the largest and oldest apex business organisation in India.)
First Indian to represent Indian employers at the International Labour Conference in Geneva. Mahadevi Birla Girls' Higher Secondary School was established in 1959 by the illustrious industrialist Late G. D. Birla in the name of his wife Late Mahadevi Birla. Slide 15: Envisioning infrastructural development in his hometown, he founded the Birla Engineering College in Pilani, BITS Pilani. one of India's best engineering schools
BITS came into being with the merger of Birla College of Arts, Birla College of Engineering and the Birla College of Science, Commerce and Engineering in 1964.
In its early years BITS had collaborated with Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) .... due to this..... BITS still retains that flavor of the American education system. http://www.bits-pilani.ac.in/ BITS Pilani (....deemed university) GOA
HYDRABAD Birla Haveli(Laxmi Narain Temple) : Birla Haveli(Laxmi Narain Temple) One of Delhi's major temples and a major tourist attraction. Built by the industrialist G. D. Birla in 1938, located in the west of Connaught Place. Awards/Honours : Awards/Honours In 1957, he was awarded India’s second highest civilian honour, the Padma Vibhushan by the Government of India. Memorial : Memorial In his honour, G.D. Birla Gold Medal award for scientific Research has been established to encourage scientists for their contribution in the various fields of scientific Research
GD Birla International Award for Rural Upliftment There is a memorial to Ghanshyam Birla in Golders Green Crematorium, Hoop Lane, London
G.D.Birla Memorial School, Ranikhet, a premier residential school has also been eshtablished in his honor by Syt.B.K. Birla and is today one of the best residential schools in the nation. Slide 19: Postal Stamp
Stamp Issue Date : 11/06/1984 The Life and Times of G D Birla"
by Medha M. Kudaisya
‘G.D. liked being backseat driver.
Nehru heeded him for a while but then moved on to socialism.
Indira took his money but never his advice.’ Slide 20: GD Birla and BK Birla ran their businesses separately, the former began to take a keen interest in Aditya Birla. In 1983, when GD Birla passed away, Aditya inherited many of his companies, including Hindalco and Grasim. Aditya was only 40 then, but still commanded the respect of the managers of his grandfather’s era NEW ERA…. Slide 21: By 1994, it had manufacturing operations in five countries—Thailand, Egypt, Malaysia, Indonesia and the Philippines.
In VSF(viscose staple fibre), the group was the world’s largest producer.
In Malaysia, his Pan Century Edible Oils was the worlds largest.
From 1969, Aditya’s first overseas venture was set up in Thailand
to October 1995, the global revenues of his companies nearly equalled that of its Indian operations. In that sense, it could be said that what GD Birla created in India, Aditya Birla equalled in South-East Asia.
Perhaps the best talent that Aditya ever incubated was Kumar Mangalam himself. Aditya groomed Kumar, just like he was groomed by GD Birla. Slide 22: US $29.2 billion corporation
Fortune 500 company
25 different nationalities.
Headquartered in Mumbai. GLOBALLY
• A metals powerhouse, among the world's most cost-efficient aluminium and copper producers. Hindalco-Novelis is the largest aluminium rolling company. It is one of the three biggest producers of primary aluminium in Asia, with the largest single location copper smelter
• No.1 in viscose staple fibre
• Fourth largest producer of insulators
• Fourth largest producer of carbon black
• Eleventh largest producer of cement Slide 23: Among the world's top 15 BPO companies and among India's top three
• Among the most energy - efficient fertiliser plants
A premier branded garments player
Second largest player in viscose filament yarn
Second largest in Chlor - alkali sector
Among the top five mobile telephony players
A leading player in Life Insurance and Asset Management
Among the top three supermarket chains in the Retail business Slide 24: Group companies
:: Grasim Industries Ltd.
:: Hindalco Industries Ltd.
:: Aditya Birla Nuvo Ltd.
:: UltraTech Cement Ltd. Indian companies
:: Aditya Birla Minacs IT Services Ltd.
:: Aditya Birla Minacs Worldwide Ltd
:: Essel Mining & Industries Ltd
:: Idea Cellular Ltd.
:: Aditya Birla Insulators
:: Aditya Birla Retail Limited
:: Aditya Birla Chemicals (India) Ltd Joint ventures
:: Birla Sun Life Insurance Company
:: Birla Sun Life Asset Management Company
:: Birla Sun Life Distribution Company Limited
:: Tanfac Industries Limited Slide 25: Thailand
:: Thai Rayon
:: Indo Thai Synthetics
:: Thai Acrylic Fibre
:: Thai Carbon Black
:: Aditya Birla Chemicals (Thailand)
:: Thai Peroxide
:: Indo Phil Group of companies
:: Pan Century Surfactants Inc.
:: PT Indo Bharat Rayon
:: PT Elegant Textile Industry
:: PT Sunrise Bumi Textiles
:: PT Indo Liberty Textiles
:: PT Indo Raya Kimia
:: Alexandria Carbon Black
:: Alexandria Fiber Company S.A.E China
:: Liaoning Birla Carbon
:: Birla Jingwei Fibres Company Ltd.
:: Aditya Birla Grasun Chemicals
:: A.V. Group
:: Aditya Birla Minerals Ltd.
:: Birla Laos Pulp & Plantations
North and South America, Europe and Asia
:: Novelis Inc.
:: Swiss Singapore Overseas
Enterprises Pte Ltd. (SSOE) International companies Product review Slide 28: Beyond business
The Aditya Birla Group is:
:: Working in 3,700 villages
:: Reaching out to seven million people annually through the Aditya Birla Centre for Community Initiatives and Rural Development, spearheaded by Mrs. Rajashree Birla
:: Focusing on: health care, education, sustainable livelihood, infrastructure and espousing social causes
:: Running 42 schools and 18 hospitals Slide 29: Thank You