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Biodiversity Conservation:

Biodiversity Conservation • It is best to plan over relatively large spatial areas (Groves et al. 2002); • Biodiversity protection requires identifying key habitats for strict protection as well as good management in intervening landscapes (NRTEE 2003, Margules and Pressey 2000), and; • The process of conservation planning needs to be scientifically defensible and rigorous ( Noss 2003).

Systematic Conservation Planning:

Systematic Conservation Planning

Innu Ecosystem-based management:

Innu Ecosystem-based management

WWF Ecoregion Conservation:

WWF Ecoregion Conservation The fundamental conservation goals of a biodiversity vision are ( Noss 1991a): • Representation of all native habitats • Maintenance of viable populations of all native species • Maintenance of essential ecological processes • Maintain resilience to ecological change

WWF-Canada Conservation Planning Tools:

WWF-Canada Conservation Planning Tools Goals/Targets Gaps Site selection Peer review Conservation action and adaptive management. Enduring features Assessment of Representation GIS routine. High conservation value Forests Assessment.

WWF-Canada Conservation Planning Tools:

WWF-Canada Conservation Planning Tools Consistent with conservation design principles: • coarse-filter - representation; • fine-filter - critical habitat of significant species and special elements, and; • guiding principles of maintaining viable populations of native species and sustaining ecological processes in the application of the coarse- and fine-filter techniques.

HCVF – Brief History:

HCVF – Brief History • Emphasis within FSC shifted from special status to old growth and virgin forests to concept of High Conservation Value Forest • Most outstanding or critical forests • 1998 advisory panel (2001 report) • WWF and IKEA Co-operation

Global HCVF toolkit:

Global HCVF toolkit ProForest developed a working draft in early 2002 • Convened a workshop in March 2002 (UK) with participants from Brazil, Canada, China, Indonesia, Russia, Sweden, UK, and US • Final toolkit in 3 parts available as of January 2004 at http:/

National HCVF framework:

National HCVF framework • Initial development with Westwind and Tembec in advance of global toolkit • Informed ProForest effort • Current approved framework (by FSC Canada) as appendix to national boreal standard (Fall 2004) • Consistent with ProForest toolkit with some additional focus (e.g. focal or regionally significant species)

HCV1: Concentrations of biodiversity values:

HCV1: Concentrations of biodiversity values Attributes: • HCV1.1 Species at risk • HCV1.2 Endemic species • HCV1.3 Critical habitat for seasonal concentrations of species • HCV1.4 Critical habitat • HCV1.5 Edge of range or outliers • HCV1.6 Existing or candidate designations

HCV2: Large landscape level forests:

HCV2: Large landscape level forests Boreal Thresholds: • Globally significant:> 500,000 ha. • Nationally significant: 200,000 to 500,000 ha. • Regionally significant: 50,000 to 200,000 ha.

HCV3: Rare ecosystem types:

HCV3: Rare ecosystem types Attributes: HCV3.1 Rare ecosystem types HCV3.2 Declining ecosystem types HCV3.3 Remnant intact fragments HCV3.4 Diverse or unique forest ecosystems

HCV4: Basic services of nature:

HCV4: Basic services of nature Attributes: HCV4.1 Forests critical as source of drinking water HCV4.2 Forests critical to mediating drought or controlling stream flow and water quality HCV4.3 Forests critical to erosion control HCV4.4 Forests providing barriers to destructive fire HCV4.5 Forests mediating micro-climate?

HCV5 and HCV6: Cultural values:

HCV5 and HCV6: Cultural values HCV5: fundamental to meeting basic needs of local communities HCV6: critical to local communities’ traditional cultural identity *As defined by local communities through consultation

Terrestrial Species :

Terrestrial Species



Land Snails:

Land Snails



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