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Polygons Exploring

What is a polygon?:

What is a polygon? Polygons are many-sided figures, with sides that are line segments. Polygons are named according to the number of sides and angles they have. Can be “regular” – all sides and all angles are equal to each other

Isosceles Triangles:

Isosceles Triangles Two sides of equal length Three acute angles Sum of angles = 180°

Equilateral Triangles:

Equilateral Triangles All sides equal length Three acute angles Sum of angles = 180° Is a regular polygon

Scalene Triangles:

Scalene Triangles No sides are equal No angles are equal May have obtuse angle Sum of angles = 180 °


Rectangles Opposite sides are parallel Opposite side are equal in length Each angle equals 90° Sum of angles = 360°


Squares All sides equal All angles equal and are 90 ° each Sum of angles = 360 ° Is a regular polygon


Trapezoids Two sides are parallel Has obtuse and acute angles Sometimes has a right angle Sum of angles = 360 °

Rhombuses (rhombi):

Rhombuses (rhombi) All four sides of equal length Opposite angles are equal – 2 acute angles, 2 obtuse angles Sum of angles = 360 ° Regular polygon


Parallelograms Opposite sides parallel Opposite sides equal in length Opposite angles equal Sum of angles = 360 °


Pentagons 5 sides Sum of angles = 540 ° Regular polygon


Hexagons 6 sides Sum of angles = 720 ° Can be regular polygon


Octagons 8 sides Sum of angles = 1080 ° Can be regular polygon


Decagons 10 sides Sum of angles = 1440° Can be regular polygon

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