Sielent Features of Organic Farming

Category: Education

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ORGANIC AGRICULTURE BY Dr.P.Bhattacharyya Director, NCOF, Ghaziabad Additional Commissioner (INM) DAC, Krishi Bhawan New Delhi


ORGANIC AGRICULTURE Holistic production system, harmony with nature, Avoids chemical fertiliser, pesticides etc. PURPOSE Good soil, good food, good health, good environment, good business Movement from Farmers, NGOs etc.


ORGANIC STATUS Global : 24 mha (1.6% Ag. Area) : Nearly 130 countries produce organic product, Australia (10 mha) – lead country Indian : 37000-41000 ha (SOEL survey), (0.3% of Ag. Area) : 2.50 million ha (APEDA) (Including 2.43 mha of forest area with wild herb & medicinal plants

Main ISSUES : 

Main ISSUES Standard Inspection, Certification, Accreditation Input Market (Export/Domestic)


STANDARD : Globally 61 standards available : Important Standard includes – IFOAM, CODEX, EU, Demeter, JAS, Naturland etc. : National Standard in India under NPOP (2002) (General Principle, Recommendation, Standard, list (permitted/non-permitted) : Mainly “process” Standard, cover – cultivation, Fertilisation, Pest/Disease management : recently under review; Efforts for harmony with EU regulation.

CERTIFICATION Agencies in India : 

CERTIFICATION Agencies in India 11 Nos. Ecocert (G) (Aurangabad), Skal (N) (Bangalore), IMO (S) (Bangalore), SGS (S) (Gurgaon), Naturland (G) (Gurgaon), Lacon (G) (Cochin), Indocert (S) (Cochin), APOF (Bangalore), ISCOP (Coimbatore), IRFT (Mumbai), Bioinspectra (S) (Cochin) Mandatory for export market ACREDITATION : Earlier 6 agencies: APEDA, Spice Board, Coffee Board, Coconut Board, Tea Board, Cashew nut Board : Now one body : National Accreditation Board (APEDA, other Commodity Board and Ministry of Agriculture) Limitation: i) Inspection performance not always good ii) Certification cost is high

Organic Input : 

Organic Input Availability Live stock = 2.47 million ton Crop residues = 2.00 million ton Biogas slurry = 0.12 million ton Biofertiliser = 0.20 million ton Green manure = 0.10 million ton City refuse = 0.68 million ton Others = 1.00 million ton (Rural compost, Vermicompost, = 6.57 million ton Ag. Waste) Total = 7.0 million ton Biopesticide = 1000 ton Constraint: (a) No regulatory mechanism (b) Response always not satisfactory.

Market Organic (Export) 2004 : 

Market Organic (Export) 2004 Export Product Basmati rice, cotton, Mangopulp, Cashew nut, Sesame, Piniapple pulp, Honey, Walnut, spices, coffee, Tea, Peanut canned. APEDA,

Future Export Demand : 

Future Export Demand Exported to: Europe: Netherland, UK, Germany, Belgium, Sweeden, Switzerland, France, Italy, Spain America: USA, Canada Middle East: Saudi Arabia, UAE Asia: Japan, Singapore (Source Org. Marg = 2002) [In 2002, from a total food production over 200 million ton, India produced only 14000 ton of organic food produces]

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Major products produced in India by Organic Farming

Name of few Organic Exporters : 

Name of few Organic Exporters Sunstar overseas Ltd. Haryana Navdanya Trust, New Delhi FAB India Ltd., New Delhi Kashmir Apiaries Export Jubilant Organosys Ltd., Noida IITC Organic India Ltd., Lucknow

Domestic Market : 

Domestic Market Yet to be developed No market structure is there Emphasis on (i) Creation of awareness (ii) Procuder – consumer meeting, organisation of organic bazar/hat/mela (iii) Change of mindset (iv) utilisation of spiritual group, health care group etc.

Value Addition for food processing & organic view point : 

Value Addition for food processing & organic view point Value addition for food process – most important for agribusiness Type of value Addition include: Use of additive, flavors Fortification with vitamin, amino acid Nutrient supplementation Protective packaging Raising food safety by detoxification (removal of Alfa toxin, Glucocinolate) Reduction of ant nutritional factors (trypsin inhibitiors, tannins etc.) Use of antioxidant Use of chemical preservative, salt Imparting desirable taste (salting of cashew nut) Improvement in hygienic quality

Guideline of Organic Standard for food process : 

Guideline of Organic Standard for food process Handling/processing of organic products should be optimized to maintain quality Pollution sources should be identified Flavoring extracts preferably be organic Product shall be protected with non-organic product Organic & non-organic product shall not be stored & transported together. Special condition of storage permitted (controlled atmosphere, cooling, freezing, Drying) Humidity regulation ethylene gas for ripening permitted Biodegradable packaging materials shall be used (Packaging through product like benzooxazolyl, methoxymethyl flourine etc. prohibited)

India Organic – An overview : 

India Organic – An overview Advantage in climate – 100-10000 mm rain, hilly, desert - diversive Blessed with vast natural resources. Area Under certified = 2.5 million ha. Total certified product = 115,238 metric ton Project certified = 332 No. of processing units = 158 Accredited I & C agencies = 11 Total Quantity exported = 6,472 MT (2004) No. of products exported = 35

Government Initiative(As facilitator) : 

Government Initiative(As facilitator) NPOP programme (2000), National Standard, Accreditation, Certification, Organic export through Ministry of Commerce, APEDA. Development of Organic Farming Technology package by ICAR Launching of National Project on Promotion of Organic Farming (w.e.f. October, 2004) (Rs.57.0 crore) (10th five year plan) Capacity Building through Service providers Setting up of vermiculture hatchery, Biofertiliser plant, Fruit/Vegetable compost plant (25% Back ended bankable project) Human Resource Development through training, field demonstration. Setting up of model organic farm Quality testing and input production technology Market development, publicity etc. Budget for 2005-06 on Organic Farming under NPOF = Rs.27 crore

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