NELSON MANDELA

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" If there are dreams about a beautiful South Africa, there are also roads that lead to their goal. Two of these roads could be named Goodness and Forgiveness. ” – NELSON MANDELA

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Nelson Mandela: South Africa’s Savior

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A SHORT VIDEO CLIP

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Nelson Mandela, in full Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela, byname Madiba    (born July 18, 1918, Umtata, Cape of Good Hope, S.Af .), black nationalist and first black president of South Africa (1994–99). His negotiations in the early 1990s with South African Pres. F.W. de Klerk helped end the country’s apartheid system of racial segregation and ushered in a peaceful transition to majority rule. Mandela and de Klerk were jointly awarded the Nobel Prize for Peace in 1993 for their efforts. I N T R O D U C T I O N “It always seems impossible until it’s done.”-NELSON MANDELA

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E A R L Y L I F E Rolihlahla "Nelson" Mandela  was born on the 18th July 1918 in Qunu , South Africa. As the youngest son of a respected African chief, Rolihlahla was offered the opportunity to go to school. Here he was named "Nelson" by one of his teachers. Mandela eventually studied at both the University of Fort Hare and the University of Witwatersrand and qualified in law, setting up a law practice in Johannesburg with his friend Walter Sisulu . It was the injustices he dealt with on a daily basis that began to influence him. “If you want to make peace with your enemy, you have to work with your enemy. Then he becomes your partner.” - NELSON MANDELA

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In 1943 Mandela joined the African National Congress (ANC) which appealed to the South African government for African rights and political changes. Mandela was part of a young group which brought a new sense of youthful optimism and pro-activism to the AFRICAN NATIONAL CONGRESS.. In 1948 the government implemented apartheid. This was a legal system causing separation of people based on their racial classification, with subsequent oppression for non-whites. The government used police and armed forces to enforce apartheid and implemented increasingly stringent laws to outlaw any opposition. In response to this the ANC began a policy of passive resistance; encouraging boycotts, "stay at home" strikes, non violent civil disobedience and non co-operation with the everyday apartheid rules and regulations. NELSON MANDELA AND THE AFRICAN NATIONAL CONGRESS

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As a highly educated lawyer with natural leadership abilities, Mandela was an influential figure within the ANC. During these years, Mandela was banned, arrested and detained numerous times and was tried for Treason in 1956 but later acquitted. As the government increasingly sought to suppress all anti apartheid movements the ANC was declared an illegal organisation in 1960. As a last resort, after the failure of peaceful resistance to challenge governnment oppression, Mandela founded Umkhonto we Sizwe (MK), Spear of the Nation. this was a new underground section of the ANC, which was preparing an armed struggle to use limited sabotage against the government with the aim of achieving policy change. After being arrested, using Mandela's vast legal knowledge, throughout the trial the accused stated their position as oppressed political activists, who were willing to use any means to help achieve an egalitarian South Africa. On the 12th June 1964 Nelson Mandela and 8 others were sentenced to life imprisonment. Activism, Arrest And Imprisonment " I have cherished the ideal of a democratic and free society in which all persons live together in harmony and with equal opportunities. It is an ideal which I hope to live for and to achieve. But if needs be, it is an ideal for which I am prepared to die.”- NELSON MANDELA

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The Influential Prisoner “Education is the most powerful weapon which you can use to change the world.”- NELSON MANDELA

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Nobel Peace Prize and Presidency Mandela was released on 11th February 1990 and voted President of the ANC,whose ban had been lifted. In 1993 he was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize with South African President FW de Klerk in recognition of their joint efforts to bring about a peaceful transition in South Africa. Nelson Mandela donated all his prize money to a variety of children's charities, as he recognized that they were the most vulnerable and most in need of assistance. South Africa's first democratic elections took place in April 1994 and Nelson Mandela was inaugurated as President of South Africa on May 10th 1994. “I learned that courage was not the absence of fear, but the triumph over it. The brave man is not he who does not feel afraid, but he who conquers that fear.”- NELSON MANDELA

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PRESIDENCY AND RETIREMENT In April 1994 the Mandela-led ANC won South Africa’s first elections by universal suffrage, and on May 10 Mandela was sworn in as president of the country’s first multiethnic government. He established in 1995 the Truth and Reconciliation Commission (TRC), which investigated human rights violations under apartheid, and he introduced housing, education, and economic development initiatives designed to improve the living standards of the country’s black population. In 1996 he oversaw the enactment of a new democratic constitution. Mandela resigned his post with the ANC in December 1997, transferring leadership of the party to his designated successor, Thabo Mbeki. Mandela and Madikizela -Mandela had divorced in 1996, and in 1998 Mandela married  Graca Machel , the widow of  Samora Machel , the former Mozambican president and leader of  Frelimo . “In my country we go to prison first and then become President. “ -Nelson Mandela

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Achievements This is a comprehensive  list of awards, honors and other recognitions bestowed on Nelson Mandela . Mandela has received more than two hundred and fifty awards over four decades, most notably the Nobel Peace Prize in 1993. Nelson Mandela was once regarded as a terrorist but he is now regarded as uncontroversial. From 1994 to 1999, Mandela was President of South Africa. Before his presidency, Mandela was an anti-apartheid activist and leader of the African National Congress.  Following his release from prison on 11 February 1990, his switch to a policy of reconciliation and negotiation helped lead the transition to multi-racial democracy in South Africa. Since the end of apartheid, he has been widely praised, even by former opponents. He is currently a celebrated elder statesman who continues to voice his opinion on topical issues. In South Africa he is often known as Madiba , an aristocratic title adopted by the elderly members of the royal clan that he belongs to. “We must use time wisely and forever realize that the time is always ripe to do right.” -Nelson Mandela

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“No one is born hating another person because of the color of his skin, or his background, or his religion. People must learn to hate, and if they can learn to hate, they can be taught to love, for love comes more naturally to the human heart than its opposite.”

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CREDITS BY: ABHAY CHELLANI & SABREEN KAUR TAGORE INTERNATIONAL SCHOOL, EAST OF KAILASH

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