Tourism ppt

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The Best Presentation on the Basics of Tourism

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TOURISM Made by: Abdullah Zia and Group og 8-B5

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Why? People have more disposable income. Companies give more paid holidays than they used to. Travel has become cheaper (particularly air travel) Holiday providers now use the internet to sell their products to people directly which also makes them cheaper. There has been a Global increase in tourism in the last 60 years….

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Why Improvements in transport (e.g. more airports) have made it quicker and easier to travel to places. Countries in more unusual destinations such as the middle east and Africa have got better at marketing themselves as tourist attractions. This means more people are aware of them. Many countries have invested in infrastructure for tourism to make them more attractive to visitors. Some areas are also becoming more popular than they used to be….

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Cities, mountains and coasts are all popular tourist areas cities Culture e.g. museums, art galleries … Entertainment (bars, restaurants, theatres) shopping Popular destinations include: London New york Paris Rome Coastal areas B eaches Swimming Snorkelling Fishing Water skiing Popular destinations include: Spain The Caribbean Thailand

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Mountain areas scenery walking climbing skiing Snow boarding Popular destinations include: Alps Dolomites Rockies

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Tourism creates jobs for local people. It also increases the income of other businesses that supply the tourism industry. Tourism is important to the economy of both rich and poor countries e.g. tourism in France generated 35 million euros In 2006 and 2 million jobs. Poorer countries tend to be more dependant on income from tourism than richer ones. Tourism is important to the economies of many countries

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There were 32 million overseas visitors to Britain in 2008. The UK is popular with tourists because of its: Countryside Historic landmarks Churches and cathedrals Castles London is particularly popular for its museums, theatres and shopping. London is the destination for half of all visitors to the uk. In 2007 tourism contributed £114 billion to the economy and employed 1.4 million people. Tourism makes a big contribution to the UK economy

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Positive Negative Economic Impacts Brings Money into local economy. Creates jobs for local people. Increases the income of industries that supply tourism e.g. Farming A lot of the profit made from tourism is kept by the large travel companies rather than going to the local economy. Social Impacts Lots of jobs means young people are more likely to stay in the area. Improved roads, infrastructure and communications benefit local people. The tourism jobs available to locals are often badly paid and are seasonal. Traffic congestion caused by tourists can inconvenience local people. Environmental impacts Income from tourism can be reinvested in protecting the environment. Transporting lots of people long distances releases greenhouse gasses that cause global warming.

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Ecotourism is tourism that doesn’t harm the environment and benefits the local people. Eco Tourism Ecotourism involves: Conservation - protecting and managing the environment. Stewardship -taking responsibility for conserving the environment . Ideally conservation and stewardship should involve local people and local organisations so that local people benefit from tourists. Ecotourism is usually a small scale activity, with only small numbers of visitors going to an area at a time. This helps keep the environmental impact of tourism low.

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Environmental benefits Economic benefits Benefits for local people Local people are encouraged to conserve the environment rather than use it for damaging activities. Waste that tourists create is disposed of carefully. Ecotourism creates jobs for local people (e.g. as guides or in tourist lodges) which helps the local economy grow. People have better and more stable incomes in ecotourism than in other jobs e.g. farming Many ecotourism schemes fund community projects e.g. schools, water tanks and health centres. Ecotourism Benefits the environment, economy and local people

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Sustainable development means improving the quality of life for people but doing it in a way that doesn’t stop people in the future getting what they need. Ecotourism helps areas to develop by increasing the quality of life for local people- the profits from ecotourism can be used to build schools or healthcare facilities. The development is sustainable because its done without damaging the environment- without ecotourism people may have to make a living to improve their lives by doing something that harms the environment e.g. cutting down trees. Ecotourism helps the sustainable development of areas

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