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Slide1: 

STATE OF AFFAIRS IN TURKISH TRANSPORT AND LOGISTICS SECTOR & FUTURE PERSPECTIVES MİNE KAYA CHAIRPERSON OF UND EXECUTIVE COMMITTE

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ABOUT UND

Slide3: 

UND WAS FOUNDED ON 14 MARCH 1974 IN ISTANBUL IS A MEMBER OF FEDERATION OF INDUSTRIAL ASSOCIATIONS (SEDEFED), IRU, SECI, TRANSFRIGOROUTE, FIATA FOUNDING MEMBER OF BSEC-URTA UND Merkez Etiler,İstanbul

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WHO CAN BE OUR MEMBER? MEMBERSHIP : 940 COMPANIES HAVING C2 LICENSE ISSUED BY THE MINISTRY OF TRANSPORT REQUIREMENTS FOR OBTAINING C-2 LICENSE : AT LEAST 10 OWN VEHICLES (300 TONNE CAPACITY) TL 100 BILLION CAPITAL (OR OPERATIONAL CAPITAL)

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UND’S REGIONAL REPRESENTATIVE OFFICES

UND TRAINING CENTER: 

UND TRAINING CENTER 19 September 2001 : UND TRAINING CENTER was opened and in 2002 it was accredited to IRU

VISA SERVICES : 

VISA SERVICES On November 2002 UND opened its Visa and Services Office in Mecidiyekoy, a central location accessible by Members and Diplomatic Missions

SERVICES TO REDUCE COSTS OF UND MEMBERS: 

SERVICES TO REDUCE COSTS OF UND MEMBERS SYSTEMATICAL VAT REIMBURSEMENT SAVING COSTS IN FUEL PURCHASES

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PUBLIC-PRIVATE PARTNERSHIPS

MODERNISATION OF GÜRBULAK BORDER GATE : 

MODERNISATION OF GÜRBULAK BORDER GATE UND, modernized the Gürbulak Border Gate - the gate of Turkey to the East contributing the development of Turkish economy

TRANSPORT AND LOGISTICS TRAINING SCHOOL: 

TRANSPORT AND LOGISTICS TRAINING SCHOOL On March 2005, the New Building of Istanbul University Transport and Logistics Training School which was constructed throuh contributions from UND Members

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REGIONAL AND INTERNATIONAL COOPERATION

BSEC-URTA UNION OF ROAD TRANSPORT ASSOCIATIONS IN THE BLACK SEA COOPERATION REGION: 

BSEC-URTA UNION OF ROAD TRANSPORT ASSOCIATIONS IN THE BLACK SEA COOPERATION REGION UND is the Leading Transport Association in the BSEC Region BSEC-URTA brings together road transport associations of BSEC countries under a single umbrella IN 2004, UND PRESIDENT WAS SELECTED THE LIFE-LONG HONOURARY PRESIDENT

NEA TURKEY: 

NEA TURKEY UND-NEA JOINT VENTURE SIGNED IN 2004 TRAINING RESEARCH CONSULTANCY

NEA TURKEY ACHIEVEMENTS AND PROJECTS: 

NEA TURKEY ACHIEVEMENTS AND PROJECTS International Conference on the Southeast European Transport Axis Netherlands Trade Mission SEKANS= Sectoral Benchmarking Study TINA Turkey

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TURKISH INTERNATIONAL ROAD TRANSPORT INDUSTRY

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Share of goods transport in Turkish transport industry is 92 % Number of licensed international road transport operators amounted to 1360 Capacity of own-vehicle fleet has exceeded 2 billion tonnes TURKISH INTERNATIONAL ROAD TRANSPORT INDUSTRY

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Turkish international road transport industry has one of the largest fleets in Europe with nearly 40.000 tractor-trucks Most of this fleet is composed of EURO 1, 2 and 3 type trucks Euro 4 and Euro 5 type trucks have started to be introduced in the market TURKISH INTERNATIONAL ROAD TRANSPORT INDUSTRY

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TURKISH INTERNATIONAL ROAD TRANSPORT INDUSTRY 53 % of Turkish exports are carried by Turkish road transport opeators In 2006, Turkish trucks carried out nearly 1 million export trips

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Net Foreign Exchange Revenue for the last decade Employment Total Investment

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DATA ON TURKISH LOGISTICS SECTOR FOREIGN EXCHANGE REVENUE CONTRIBUTION TO TURKISH ECONOMY : US$ 8 BILLIONS CONTRIBUTION TO GDP : US$ 11-12 BILLIONS UND AIMS TO MAKE TURKEY THE REGIONAL LOGISTICS CENTER AND TO RAISE THE VALUE ADDED PROVIDED BY THE SECTOR TO THE ECONOMY UP TO 45 BILLION DOLLARS BY 2012

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Today Turkey, situated at the crossroads of a 600 billion dollar worth flow of goods between East and West; in the heart of the Eurasian trade with her extensive road network, railways, seas surrounding 3 sides of the country, airports and distribution centers; is connecting Europe, the Balkans, Black Sea, Caucasus, the Middle East and the North Africa. Thanks to this strategical position, she has the potential for becoming the most significant logistics hub in this geopolitical setting and this potential has been realized day by day. TURKEY

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UND AIMS TO MAKE TURKEY THE REGIONAL LOGISTICS CENTER AND TO RAISE THE VALUE ADDED PROVIDED BY THE SECTOR TO THE ECONOMY UP TO 45 BILLION DOLLARS BY 2012

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31ST IRU WORLD CONGRESS WILL BE HELD IN ISTANBUL ON 15-17 MAY 2008 WITH THE THEME: REVIVAL OF THE ANCIENT SILK ROAD

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HARMONIZATION WITH THE EU LEGISLATION Transport sector is one of the most prepared sectors for the EU Membership Harmonization with the EU Acqui = 70 % Transport Master Plan ≈ EU White Paper on Transport

UND AND SECTORAL HARMONIZATION WITH THE EU : 

UND AND SECTORAL HARMONIZATION WITH THE EU “Assistance to Turkish Road Transport Sector: Gap Analysis” Project Turkish Turkish road transport legislation and the EU legislation were scanned and were compared to each other An Action Plan aimed at full harmonization was submitted to the Ministry of Transport “Assistance to Turkish Road Transport Sector” project was officially launched on May 2006 Project budget: EUR 5.5 million 14 different institutions and bodies involved

SECTORAL HARMONIZATION WITH THE EU: 

SECTORAL HARMONIZATION WITH THE EU Improvement in Legislation: 2003 ► New Law on Road Transport 2004 ► New Regulation on Road Transport 2004 ► Regulation on Professional Competency Training for Road Transport Operators

SECTORAL HARMONIZATION WITH THE EU : 

SECTORAL HARMONIZATION WITH THE EU EU’s 3 BASIC CRITERIA FOR ACCESSION TO THE PROFESSION : - Professional competency Good repute Financial standing were incorporated into Turkish legislation…

UND AND SECTORAL HARMONIZATION WITH THE EU: 

UND AND SECTORAL HARMONIZATION WITH THE EU In 2004, UND Training Center became the first institution to be accredited to organize Professional Competency Training Cooperation with IRU Academy

HARMONIZATION WITH THE EU: 

HARMONIZATION WITH THE EU TURKEY HAS BEEN PAYING CONSIDERABLE EFFORTS TO FULFILL HER OBLIGATIONS TOWARDS FULL MEMBERSHIP TO THE EUROPEAN UNION !

EU ENLARGEMENT (May 2004 & January 2007): 

EU ENLARGEMENT (May 2004 & January 2007) A new front for Turkish hauliers ! Advantage for 12 new EU members - low labor costs - no transport permit/visa problems - freight costs decreased by 25 % - right to carry out cabotage transport Lucrative EU market ►New business opportunities Increasing competition !

PROBLEMS OF TURKISH HAULIERS: 

PROBLEMS OF TURKISH HAULIERS 60 % of Turkish exports flows to EU of which : 90 % is carried by road In last 3 years, Turkish exports ►increased by 50 % In last 3 years, road transport operations to EU ► increased by 26% ►Increase in transport operations < increase in exports

PROBLEMS OF TURKISH HAULIERS: 

PROBLEMS OF TURKISH HAULIERS In last 4 years, Turkish exports ► increased by %138 EU increased quotas only ► by 32 % ! limiting vehicles carrying exports ↓ ↓ ↓ limiting exported goods ↓ ↓ ↓ restricting foreign trade

PROBLEMS OF TURKISH HAULIERS: 

PROBLEMS OF TURKISH HAULIERS EU-TURKEY CUSTOMS UNION since 1996 ► Free movement of goods Article 28 and 29 of the Treaty establishing EEC General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade - Article 5 ► Freedom of Transit

UND AND QUOTA PROBLEM: 

UND AND QUOTA PROBLEM Transport Permit Quotas: Increase transit time Increase transport costs Need for alternative routes and transport modes ROAD TRANSPORT IS INDISPENSABLE !

UND IS DETERMINED TO SOLVE QUOTA PROBLEM !: 

UND IS DETERMINED TO SOLVE QUOTA PROBLEM ! HALKALI-WELS RO-LA SERVICE is operational since 21 September 2006: UND-TCDD-RAIL CARGO partnership capacity of 20 trucks One trip takes 70 hours 1979 kms = the longest Ro-La route in the world Will eliminate the quota problem & congestion at Kapıkule

Slide37: 

SITUATION IN TURKISH-HUNGARIAN RELATIONS Between 2002-2005 Turkish exports to Hungary increase by 89 % BUT export transport operations by Turkish trucks increased by 62 % COMPARISON OF TRADE AND TRANSPORT GROWTH BETWEEN TURKEY AND HUNGARY 2002-2005

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SITUATION IN TURKISH-HUNGARIAN RELATIONS Between 2005-2006, Turkish exports to Hungary increased by 27.8 % BUT export operations by Turkish vehicles only increased by 10 % COMPARISON OF TRADE AND TRANSPORT GROWTH BETWEEN TURKEY AND HUNGARY 2005-2006

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SITUATION IN TURKISH-HUNGARIAN RELATIONS EXPORT TRANSPORT OPERATIONS TO HUNGARY BY TURKISH TRUCKS Export transport operations to Hungary by Turkish trucks have been consistently increasing

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SITUATION IN TURKISH-HUNGARIAN RELATIONS In 2005, 7 % decrease in transit operations through Hungary by Turkish trucks was a result of high amounts of penalties imposed on use of permits and ECMT licenses. TRANSIT OPERATIONS THROUGH HUNGARY BY TURKISH TRUCKS

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SITUATION IN TURKISH-HUNGARIAN RELATIONS TRANSPORT PERMIT QUOTAS ALLOCATED TO TURKISH TRUCKS

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SITUATION IN TURKISH-HUNGARIAN RELATIONS SOLUTION: Transport permit quotas are insufficient compared to the increase in transit, bilateral and third country transport operations. Permit quotas for Turkish trucks ( especially free of charge and 3rd country permits) should be increased …

Slide43: 

SITUATION IN TURKISH-HUNGARIAN RELATIONS Quotas allocated to Hungarian trucks are more than the required number. There are 13 thousand free of charge bilateral / transit and 6250 third country permits allocated in return for 3-4 thousand trips. Hungarian trucks will not be affected even if payable permits are not sent to Hungary. TRANSPORT PERMIT QUOTAS ALLOCATED TO HUNGARIAN TRUCKS

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INSUFFICIENCY OF PERMIT QUOTAS The last Turkish-Hungarian Joint Transport Commission meeting was held on 3 October 2006 in Budapest: There was no increase in transport permit quotas, the Hungarian side did not accept the Turkish request for an increase in the number free of charge permits. Turkish side suggested amending the current 3 to 1 bonus scheme as 1 to 1 bonus scheme granted in return for train usage similar to the bonus scheme in Austria. Hungarian side rejected any amendment in the bonus scheme. SITUATION IN TURKISH-HUNGARIAN RELATIONS

Slide45: 

SITUATION IN TURKISH-HUNGARIAN RELATIONS USE OF RO-LA TRAINS BY TURKISH TRUCKS The requested change in the Bonus Scheme ( 1 to 1 ratio) will provide for a 100 % increase in use of Ro-La trains

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48-HOUR LIMIT ON THE VALIDITY OF PAYABLE PERMITS Charges imposed by Hungary for transport operations (single trip): HUF 30.000 (approximately EUR 121) for transport operations to Hungary, HUF 60.000 (approximately EUR 242) for transit operations through Hungary The abovementioned charges are imposed on vehicles from non-EU countries regardless of whether they are empty or laden. SOLUTION: Hungary should either abolish the 48-hour limit for validity of authorization (operations to Hungary) or extend the period of validity of authorizations from 48 hours to 96 hours SITUATION IN TURKISH-HUNGARIAN RELATIONS

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SITUATION IN TURKISH-HUNGARIAN RELATIONS OTHER PROBLEMS AND REQUESTS Exemption of tractors and empty trucks from permit requirement Exemption of green trucks Limitation on the period stay in Hungary : the period stay should be equal to the validity of visa Facilitation of visa procedures : Fines imposed in Hungary are higher than average Mutual recognition of Driving Licenses

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COMPARISON OF TRADE AND TRANSPORT GROWTH BETWEEN TURKEY AND HUNGARY 2002-2005

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Trade between Hungary and Turkey has been rapidly growing ! There are good prospects for cooperation Solving problems in transport, will further grow bilateral trade…

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THANK YOU FOR YOUR ATTENTION

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