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Liberalization Process in Turkey: Developments and Expectations: 

Liberalization Process in Turkey: Developments and Expectations Dr. Faruk CÖMERT Vice Chairman Member of the Board Telecommunications Authority of Turkey


Agenda Introduction Telecommunications Authority Legislations and Authorizations Turkish Telecom Market Overview Investment Climate Expectations from Liberalization Conclusion


Introduction Liberalization Economic, Social and Cultural Developments depend on developed telecommunications industries Third World Telecommunication Development Conference, 18-27 Mart 2002, İstanbul The digital divide is no longer defined in terms of lack of access to telephone services, but rather in terms of lack of access to information and communication technologies. There are many dimensions to the digital divide. The digital divide exists between nations and within nations. It exists between rich and poor, young and old, urban and rural dwellers. There is a financial divide, a knowledge divide and a divide of confidence. Increase liberalization to decrease digital divide 132 Telecommunications Authority, 98 Competition Authority

Telecommunications Authority: 

Telecommunications Authority Established in August 2000 1st sector specific regulator Policy, regulation and operation fuctions are seperated. Main duties – ex-ante and ex-post regulation, authorization, supervision, arbitration Having financial and administrative independence Source of funding is the fees from operators (spectrum usage fee, authorization fee, contribution fee, administrative penalties) 456 employees, ~15% handles the economic regulatory tasks

Important Legislations : 

Important Legislations Over 30 legislations since 2001 Tariff Ordinance and Price Cap Regulation Ordinance on Access and Interconnection (May 2003) Communiqué on Designation of SMP (June 2003) Communiqué on Unbundled Access to the Local Loop (July 2004) Communiqué on Co-location and Facility Sharing (December 2003) Principles and Procedures on Accounting Separation and Cost Accounting (determined and sent to the operators) Standard Reference Interconnection Offer Numbering Ordinance (published on February, 2004) Ordinance on Rights of Way (be published this year) Ordinance on Protection of Privacy (February 2004) Ordinance on User and Consumer Rights (be published this year) Electronic Signature Regulations

Authorizations so far : 

Authorizations so far 1 January 2004 – full liberalization GMPCS Service Providers : 7 (since 15 March 2002) Satellite Telecom. Service Providers : 23 (since 15 March 2002) Satellite Platform Service Providers : 3 (since 15 March 2002) Data Transmission Providers over Terrestrial Lines : 12 (since 30 September 2003) Internet Service Providers : 110 (since 15 March 2002) Common Usage Radio Services: 4 (since 1 March 2004) Long Distance Telephony Services- 41 (since 17 May 2004)

Forthcoming Authorizations: 

Forthcoming Authorizations Cable Platform Services Broadband Fixed Wireless Access Building and Operation of Infrastructure Value Added Telecommunications Services Mobile Virtual Network Operators 118 Directory Inquiry Services

Market Overview: PSTN: 

Market Overview: PSTN Over 9 billion $ 2002 Türk Telekom 100% state owned “not legal” monopoly since Jan. 1, 2004 19m fixed subscribers, 27% penetration

Market Overview: Mobile: 

Market Overview: Mobile ‘Mobile’ liberalization: GSM since 1994, licenses since 1998 Three mobile operators 2 GSM 900 operators: Turkcell, Telsim since 1994 1 GSM 1800 operators: Avea Due to roaming dispute, İşTim-Aycell merged on Feb, 2004 31m subscribers, %43 penetration No 3G licenses

Market Overview: Internet: 

Market Overview: Internet 14% of penetration 110 Internet Service Providers Broadband Access ADSL: developing so fast

Investment Climate: 

Investment Climate A ‘promising’ market, young people Population: 70 m, 0-15: 29%, 0-25: 50% All telecommunications services are open to foreigners. Turkey has a good opportunity to attract investment in telecommunications sector. The Turkish telecommunications market is already among the top fifteen communications market in the world Turkey has already successfully attracted some of the world’s leading telecommunications equipment manufacturers either on their own or in partnership with Turkish private sector companies

Effects of Liberalization in Turkey: 

Effects of Liberalization in Turkey More service choices for consumers High quality of services Decrease in prices Increase in number of firms offering different services

Expectations from Liberalization: 

Expectations from Liberalization Increase in telecommunications market size Increase in national and international competitiveness Increase in employment Increase in telecommunications investments Decrease in digital divide Development in infrastructure based competition Increase in internet penetration Increase in R&D Expenditures More Turkish firms in international arena Privatized incumbent

Conclusion : 

Conclusion Liberalization and telecommunications reforms are important means to reduce the digital divide The overall economic framework can provide important impetus for reducing digital divide To decrease the information gap, more cooperation among industry and the government is helpful

Liberalization Process in Turkey: Developments and Expectations: 

Liberalization Process in Turkey: Developments and Expectations Dr. Faruk CÖMERT Vice Chairman Member of the Board Telecommunications Authority of Turkey

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