Lecture 6 - Status, Roles, and Social Structure

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Lecture 6: Social Structure:

Lecture 6: Social Structure Chapter 4 Social Structure and Social Interaction

Review of Levels of Sociological Analysis:

Review of Levels of Sociological Analysis Macrosociology Broad features of society Microsociology Social interactions Small groups. Not intended to necessarily be generalizable

The Sociological Significance of Social Structure:

The Sociological Significance of Social Structure Social Structure Guides our behavior


Culture Our shared culture makes us similar to one another and makes other people seem “ different ” Social Class Based on income, education, and occupational prestige Interests shared among people of same social class

Social Status:

Social Status Status Position one occupies Provides guidelines for how to act and feel Status Sets Ascribed and Achieved Statuses Status Symbols Status Inconsistency


Master statuses are those that overshadow our other statuses. Shown here is Stephen Hawking, who is severely disabled by Lou Gehrig ’ s disease. For some, his master status is that of a person with disabilities. Because Hawking is one of the greatest physicists who has ever lived, however, his outstanding achievements have given him another master status, that of a world-class physicist in the ranking of Einstein.


Roles Behaviors, Obligations, and Privileges Attached to a Status Group People who Interact and Share Values and Interests

Social Institutions:

Social Institutions Social Institutions Standard or Usual Ways a Society Meets its Needs

Comparing Functionalist and Conflict Perspectives:

Comparing Functionalist and Conflict Perspectives Functionalists Replacing Members Socializing New Members Producing and Distributing Goods and Services Preserving Order Providing a Sense of Purpose

Comparing Functionalist and Conflict Perspectives:

Comparing Functionalist and Conflict Perspectives Conflict Theorists Small Group holds Majority of Wealth Preserve the Status Quo

What Holds Society Together?:

What Holds Society Together? Mechanical and Organic Solidarity Gemeinschaft and Gesellschaft Relevant today? Changes in Social Structure Social Structure is Not Static

Symbolic Interaction:

Symbolic Interaction Stereotypes in Everyday Life Personal Space Eye Contact Smiling Body Language Applied Body Language The Microsociological Perspective: Social Interaction in Everyday Life

Dramaturgy: The Presentation of Self in Everyday Life:

Dramaturgy: The Presentation of Self in Everyday Life Impression Management Stages Role Performance, Conflict, and Strain Sign-Vehicles Teamwork Becoming the Roles we Play

Ethnomethodology: Uncovering Background Assumptions:

Ethnomethodology: Uncovering Background Assumptions Ethnomethodology Exploring Background Assumptions

The Social Construction of Reality:

The Social Construction of Reality Thomas Theorem Social Construction of Reality

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