Lecture 4- Socialization and Groups

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Lecture 4: :

Lecture 4: Chapter 3 Socialization Chapter 5 Social Groups and Formal Organizations

Does Society Make us Human? Nature vs Nurture:

Does Society Make us Human? Nature vs Nurture Twins Separated at Birth Feral Children Isolated Children Institutionalized Children

Nature vs Nurture: Deprived Animals:

Nature vs Nurture: Deprived Animals Harlows ’ Experiments with Rhesus Monkeys Confirms Data from Isolated Humans Socialization

Socialization into the Self and Mind:

Socialization into the Self and Mind How do we learn “who” we are?

Cooley and the Looking-Glass Self:

Cooley and the Looking-Glass Self We Imagine How We Appear to Those Around Us We Interpret Others ’ Reactions We Develop a Self-Concept

Mead and Role Taking:

Mead and Role Taking Taking the Role of the Other Imitation, Play, Team Games Significant Others vs. Generalized Other “ I ” and “ Me ”

Piaget and the Development of Reasoning:

Piaget and the Development of Reasoning Sensorimotor Stage Preoperational Stage Concrete Operational Stage Formal Operational Stage

Global Aspects of the Self and Reasoning:

Global Aspects of the Self and Reasoning Self May Develop Earlier than Mead Suggests Stages not as Distinct as Piaget Concluded Some people seem to get stuck in the concreteness of the third stage Never reach fourth stage of abstract thinking

How do we learn how we should Act and feel? :

How do we learn how we should Act and feel?

Freud and the Development of Personality:

Freud and the Development of Personality Freud and the Development of Personality Id, Ego, Superego http://www.simplypsychology.org/psyche.html

Kohlberg and the Development of Morality:

Kohlberg and the Development of Morality Kohlberg ’ s Theory Criticisms of Kohlberg Research with Babies Cultural Relativity of Morality

Socialization into Emotions:

Socialization into Emotions Global Emotions Anger, Distrust, Fear, Happiness, Sadness, and Surprise Expressing Emotions http://twinklet8.blogspot.com/2015/03/classifying-different-emotions.html

What We Feel:

What We Feel We need more cross-cultural research to help us understand how our society affects what we feel There is likely some aspect of “social control” in the way we deal with emotions. The expectations of our social groups help determine how we react.

Socialization into Gender:

Socialization into Gender Gender: Attitudes and Behaviors Expected of Us Because We are Male/Female Learning the Gender Map Gender Messages in the Family Gender Messages from Peers Gender Messages in the Mass Media

Agents of Socialization:

Agents of Socialization The Family The Neighborhood Religion Day Care

More Agents of Socialization:

More Agents of Socialization The School Manifest Functions Latent Functions Hidden Curriculum Corridor Curriculum Peer Groups The Workplace

Resocialization:

Resocialization Total Institutions Degradation Ceremony

Socialization through the Life Course:

Socialization through the Life Course Childhood (from birth to about age 12) Adolescence (ages 13-17) Transitional Adulthood (ages 18-29) The Middle Years (ages 30-65) The Older Years (about age 63 on)

Are We Prisoners of Socialization?:

Are We Prisoners of Socialization? We are NOT Robots We are Individuals

Groups within Society:

Groups within Society Group/ Category/ Aggregate Primary Groups Secondary Groups

More Groups within Society:

More Groups within Society In-groups We feel loyalty Shape our perception of right and wrong “ Us ” Out-groups We feel antagonism “ Them ”

Yet more Groups in Society:

Yet more Groups in Society Reference Groups Social Networks

Bureaucracies:

Bureaucracies The Characteristics of Bureaucracies “ Ideal ” Versus “ Real ” Bureaucracy Goal Displacement and the Perpetuation of Bureaucracies

Slide24:

McDonald ’ s in Tel Aviv, Israel.

Dysfunctions of Bureaucracies:

Dysfunctions of Bureaucracies Red Tape Lack of Communication Between Units Bureaucratic Alienation Resisting Alienation The Alienated Bureaucrat Bureaucratic Incompetence Peter Principle

Working for the Corporation:

Working for the Corporation Self-Fulfilling Stereotypes in the “ Hidden ” Corporate Culture Diversity in the Workplace

Technology and the Control of Workers: Toward a Maximum-Security Society:

Technology and the Control of Workers: Toward a Maximum-Security Society Technology allows bosses to monitor millions of workers

Group Dynamics:

Group Dynamics Effects of Group Size on Stability and Intimacy; Dyads and triads Effects of Group Size on Attitudes and Behavior

Group Dynamics Continued:

Group Dynamics Continued Leadership Types of Leaders: Instrumental & Expressive Leadership Styles Authoritarian Democratic Laissez-faire

Group Dynamics Continued:

Group Dynamics Continued The Power of Peer Pressure: The Asch Experiment

Group Dynamics Continued:

Group Dynamics Continued The Power of Authority: The Milgram Experiment

Global Consequences of Group Dynamics: Groupthink:

Global Consequences of Group Dynamics: Groupthink Groupthink Collective Tunnel Vision

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