Lecture 3 - Culture

Views:
 
Category: Entertainment
     
 

Presentation Description

No description available.

Comments

Presentation Transcript

Slide1:

Lecture 3: Culture

Culture and Taken-for-Granted Orientations to Life:

Culture and Taken-for-Granted Orientations to Life What is Normal, Natural, or Usual? The Culture Within Us Culture as Lens Culture Shock Ethnocentrism

Practicing Cultural Relativism:

Practicing Cultural Relativism Understanding Cultures on Their Own Terms “ Sick Cultures ” − Robert Edgerton Confronting Contrasting Views of Reality

Slide4:

What some consider food, even delicacies, can turn the stomachs of others. These roasted grub worms were for sale in Bangkok, Thailand.

Components of Culture :

Components of Culture Symbolic Culture Material Culture

Symbolic Culture: Gestures:

Symbolic Culture: Gestures Conveying Messages without Words Gestures ’ Meanings Differ Among Cultures Can Lead to Misunderstandings Is it really true that there are no universal gestures?

Symbolic Culture: Language:

Symbolic Culture: Language Allows Cumulative Human Experience Provides Social or Shared Past Provides Social or Shared Future Allows Shared Perspective Allows Complex, Shared, Goal-Directed Behavior

Language and Perception: The Sapir-Whorf Hypothesis:

Language and Perception: The Sapir-Whorf Hypothesis Language Has Embedded Within It Ways of Looking at the World Sapir-Whorf Reverses Common Sense

Symbolic Culture: Values, Norms, and Sanctions:

Symbolic Culture: Values, Norms, and Sanctions Values − What is Desirable in Life Norms − Expectations or Rules for Behavior Sanctions − Reaction to Following or Breaking Norms Positive & Negative Sanctions Moral Holidays and Places

Folkways, Mores, and Taboos:

Folkways, Mores, and Taboos Folkways − Norms not Strictly Enforced Mores − Core Values: We Insist on Conformity Taboos

Subcultures:

Subcultures Subculture − A World Within the Dominant Culture

Countercultures:

Countercultures Countercultures − Groups With Norms and Values at Odds With the Dominant Culture

An Overview of U.S. Values:

An Overview of U.S. Values Achievement and Success Individualism Hard Work Efficiency and Practicality Science and Technology Material Comfort Freedom

An Overview of U.S. Values Continued:

An Overview of U.S. Values Continued Democracy Equality Group Superiority Education Religiosity Romantic Love

Value Clusters:

Value Clusters Success Education Hard work Material comfort Individualism

An Emerging Value Cluster:

An Emerging Value Cluster Leisure Self-fulfillment Physical Fitness Youthfulness Concern for the Environment

Value Contradictions:

Value Contradictions U.S. values group superiority? Change over time

When Values Clash:

When Values Clash Culture Wars

Values as Distorting Lenses:

Values as Distorting Lenses What society “ ought ” to be like

“Ideal” Versus “Real” Culture:

“ Ideal ” Versus “ Real ” Culture Ideal: What a group considers worth aiming for Real: What people actually do

Cultural Universals:

Cultural Universals Some Activities are Universal − Courtship, Marriage, Funerals, Games Present in all cultures, but the specific customs differ from one group to another

Technology in the Global Village:

Technology in the Global Village The New Technology Cultural Lag and Cultural Change Technology and Cultural Leveling

authorStream Live Help