Direct Object Pronouns--Spanish

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An explanation of English direct objects and DO Pronouns that builds upon that knowledge to explain Spanish DO pronouns.

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Direct Object Pronouns:

Direct Object Pronouns The Spanish Way

What are direct objects?:

What are direct objects? Direct objects receive the action of the verb. Examples John sold the car . Mark ate the fish . Sarah studied Spanish . Ask yourself , what was sold, what was eaten, and what was studied. The answer tells us what received the action of the verb. The answer identifies the direct object.

What can be a Direct Object:

What can be a Direct Object The direct object can be a person or a thing. Person Juan took María to the restaurant. Thing He washed the shirt.

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It doesn’t matter if the direct object is a person or a thing, it can be replaced with a pronoun. Direct object pronouns help us be less repetitive in our speech. They allow us to communicate in the most direct and comprehensible manner.

Let’s look at some direct object pronouns.:

Let’s look at some direct object pronouns. John sold the car. How much did he sell it for? He sold it for $2,000. Notice how we replaced the word “car” with the word “it.” “It is an example of a direct object pronoun.

The English Direct Object Pronouns:

The English Direct Object Pronouns Me Us You You Him Her It Them In English, we use these pronouns to replace the direct object. “I bought the shirts” becomes “I bought them.” “I took John to the mall” becomes “I took him to the mall” Shirts becomes them and John becomes him. The process will be similar in Spanish.

The Direct Object Pronouns:

The Direct Object Pronouns Spanish Direct Object Pronouns Me Nos Te Vos Lo La Los Las In Spanish, like English, the words “me,” “ te ” and “ nos ” always refer to people. Ella me llevó . She took me. Te esperamos . We waited for you. “Lo,” “la,” “los,” and “ las ” can refer to both things and people. These pronouns must match in gender and number with the nouns they replace.

DO Pronouns Referring to Things:

DO Pronouns Referring to Things “Lo” and “la” have two meanings, “it” and “him/her.” Let’s look at when they mean “it.” First, an object rather than a person is the direct object. An example might be “She wrote the story.” Ella escribió el cuento . The story / El cuento is the direct object.

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“El cuento ” is a masculine, singular noun, so we will need to choose a masculine, singular pronoun to replace it. The singular pronouns that mean “it” are “lo” and “la.” The masculine form is “lo” so that is the pronoun we need to select. Ella escribió el cuento . ¿ Cuándo lo escribió ? Lo escribió la semana pasada .

Examples with nouns and pronouns:

Examples with nouns and pronouns Juan hizo el pastel ayer . Juan lo hizo ayer . María manejó el camión . María lo manejó . La chica pagó la cuenta . La chica la pagó . Notice how the pronoun matches in gender and number with the noun being replaced.

Using DO Pronouns to refer to people.:

Using DO Pronouns to refer to people. It is more difficult to identify the correct direct object pronoun when it refers to a person. You must look at who the verb acts upon rather than how the verb is conjugated. As this is sometimes confusing, let’s practice.

Fill in the blank with the correct DO Pronoun.:

Fill in the blank with the correct DO Pronoun. ¿ Por qué no tomaste el autobús a la escuela ? Porque mi padre no ____ despertó a tiempo . In this dialogue, to identify the direct object we must look at the verb, despertó (woke up) and ask who was not woken up on time? In the conversation, the speaker is saying my father didn’t wake me up on time. So we fill in the blank with the Spanish word “me.”

¿Por qué no tomaste el autobús a la escuela? Porque mi padre no _me_ despertó a tiempo. :

¿ Por qué no tomaste el autobús a la escuela ? Porque mi padre no _me_ despertó a tiempo . Más práctica . ¿Juan y Marta fueron a la fiesta? Sí . Tony ya ____ llevó . ¿Y Mateo ya salió ? No, él te espera . Tú vas a llevar ___.

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¿Juan y Marta fueron a la fiesta? Sí . Tony ya _ los _ llevó . ¿Y Mateo ya salió ? No, él te espera . Tú vas a llevar lo _.

Where are the pronouns placed?:

Where are the pronouns placed? All objective case pronouns—direct object, indirect object, and reflexive pronouns—are placed as follows: In front of a conjugated verb. Juan me llevó . After and attached to an infinitive. ¿ Puedes llevar me ? Beginning students usually only learn these two placements. Second year students and beyond should pay attention to the next slides.

Progressive forms and the Placement of DO Pronoun:

Progressive forms and the Placement of DO Pronoun The pronoun is placed after and attached to a progressive form. Estoy llevándo los . I am taking them. Notice that the progressive forms require an accent. The accent is placed on the “a” of ando and the “e” of iendo .

Affirmative Commands and the Placement of DO Pronouns:

Affirmative Commands and the Placement of DO Pronouns The DO pronoun is placed after and attached to an affirmative command. Encuéntra la ahora . Find her now. Affirmative commands may require an accent mark. If the command has two or more syllables you must place an accent mark on the second the last syllable of the command. Háblame —dime — cómprala .

Review:

Review Me = me Nos = us Te = you Vos * = you Lo = him / it La = her / it Los = them Las = them Identify who or what the verb acts upon and choose the appropriate pronoun. Make sure the pronoun matches in number and gender with the noun it replaces. * Form is used only in Spain

Review placement:

Review placement Place the pronoun in front of the conjugated verb. Place the pronoun after and attached to infinitives, progressive forms, and affirmative commands. Add accents to all progressive forms and affirmative commands with two or more syllables.

Now all that is left is . . .:

Now all that is left is . . . Practice Practice Practice And practice some more.

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