History Of The Internet:A Musical Countdown : History Of The Internet:A Musical Countdown Part 2 THE 80’S : THE 80’S 1980 : 1980 ARPANET grinds to a complete halt on 27 October because of an accidentally-propagated status-message virus
First C/30-based IMP at BBN
#1 Song is Call Me » Blondie 1981 : 1981 BITNET the "Because It's Time NETwork"
Started as a cooperative network at the City University of New York, with the first connection to Yale
Provides electronic mail and listserv servers to distribute information, as well as file transfers
CSNET (Computer Science NETwork) built by a collaboration of computer scientists and Univ of Delaware, Purdue Univ, Univ of Wisconsin, RAND Corporation and BBN to provide networking services (especially email) to university scientists with no access to ARPANET.
Minitel (Teletel) is deployed across France by France Telecom
#1 Song is Bette Davis Eyes » Kim Carnes 1982 : 1982 Norway leaves network to become an Internet connection via TCP/IP over SATNET; UCL does the same
DCA and ARPA establish the Transmission Control Protocol (TCP) and Internet Protocol (IP), as the protocol suite, commonly known as TCP/IP, for ARPANET.
This leads to one of the first definitions of an "internet" as a connected set of networks, specifically those using TCP/IP, and "Internet" as connected TCP/IP internets
EUnet (European UNIX Network) is created by EUUG to provide email and USENET services. original connections between the Netherlands, Denmark, Sweden, and UK
#1 Song is Physical » Olivia Newton-John 1983 : 1983 ARPANET split into ARPANET and MILNET; the latter became integrated with the Defense Data Network created the previous year. 68 of the 113 existing nodes went to MILNET
EARN (European Academic and Research Network) established. Very similar to the way BITNET works with a gateway funded by IBM-Europe
FidoNet developed by Tom Jennings
Desktop workstations come into being, many with Berkeley UNIX (4.2 BSD) which includes IP networking software
#1 Song is Every Breath You Take » Police 1984 : 1984 Domain Name System (DNS) introduced
JUNET (Japan Unix Network) established using UUCP
JANET (Joint Academic Network) established in the UK using the Coloured Book protocols; previously SERCnet
Canada begins a one-year effort to network its universities. The NetNorth Network is connected to BITNET in Ithaca from Toronto
Kremvax message announcing USSR connectivity to USENET
#1 Song Is When Doves Cry » Prince 1985 : 1985 Whole Earth 'Lectronic Link (WELL) started
Information Sciences Institute (ISI) at USC is given responsibility for DNS root management by DCA, and SRI for DNS NIC registrations
Symbolics.com is assigned on 15 March to become the first registered domain. Other firsts: cmu.edu, purdue.edu, rice.edu, berkeley.edu, ucla.edu, rutgers.edu, bbn.com (24 Apr); mit.edu (23 May); think.com (24 may); css.gov (June); mitre.org, .uk (July)
#1 Song is Careless Whisper By: Wham! 1986 : 1986 NSFNET created (backbone speed of 56Kbps)
NSF establishes 5 super-computing centers to provide high-computing power for all
This allows an explosion of connections, especially from universities
The Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF) and Internet Research Task Force (IRTF) comes into existence under the IAB
BARRNET (Bay Area Regional Research Network) established using high speed links. Operational in 1987
#1 Song is That's What Friends Are For » Dionne & Friends 1987 : 1987 NSF signs a cooperative agreement to manage the NSFNET backbone with Merit Network, Inc.
UUNET is founded with Usenix funds to provide commercial UUCP and Usenet access. Originally an experiment by Rick Adams and Mike O'Dell
Email link established between Germany and China using CSNET protocols, with the first message from China sent on 20 September
#1 Song is Walk Like An Egyptian » Bangles 1988 : 1988 (Computer Emergency Response Team) formed by DARPA in response to the needs exhibited during the Morris worm incident
Los Nettos network created with no federal funding, instead supported by regional members (founding: Caltech, TIS, UCLA, USC, ISI).
CERFnet (California Education and Research Federation network) founded by Susan Estrada.
Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA) established in December
The first multicast tunnel is established between Stanford and BBN in the Summer of 1988
#1 Song is Faith » George Michael 1989 : 1989 (Reseaux IP Europeens) formed (by European service providers) to ensure the necessary administrative and technical coordination to allow the operation of the pan-European IP Network.
First relays between a commercial electronic mail carrier and the Internet: MCI Mail through the Corporation for the National Research Initiative (CNRI), and CompuServe through Ohio State Univ
AARNET - Australian Academic Research Network - set up by AVCC and CSIRO; introduced into service the following year
#1 Song is Look Away » Chicago THE 80’S END AND NOW LETS ZOOM THROUGH THE 90’S : THE 80’S END AND NOW LETS ZOOM THROUGH THE 90’S 1990 : 1990 ARPANET ceases to exist
Several search tools, such as ARCHIE, Gopher, and WAIS start to appear. Institutions like the National Library of Medicine, Dow Jones, and Dialog are now on line.
The World comes on-line (world.std.com), becoming the first commercial provider of Internet dial-up access
#1 Song Is Hold On » Wilson Phillips 1991 : 1991 First connection takes place between Brazil, by Fapesp, and the Internet at 9600 baud
Commercial Internet eXchange (CIX) Association, Inc. formed by General Atomics (CERFnet), Performance Systems International, Inc. (PSInet), and UUNET Technologies, Inc. (AlterNet), as NSF lifts restrictions on the commercial use of the Net (March)
World-Wide Web (WWW) released by CERN; Tim Berners-Lee developer (:pb1:). First Web server is nxoc01.cern.ch, launched in Nov 1990 and later renamed info.cern.ch.
#1 Song is (Everything I Do) I Do It For You » Bryan Adams 1992 : 1992 Internet Society (ISOC) is chartered (January)
IAB reconstituted as the Internet Architecture Board and becomes part of the Internet Society
World Bank comes on-line
The term "surfing the Internet" is coined by Jean Armour Polly .Brendan Kehoe uses the term "net-surfing" as early as 6 June 1991 in a USENET post
#1 Song is End Of The Road » Boyz II Men 1993 : 1993 InterNIC created by NSF to provide specific Internet services: (:sc1:)
directory and database services (AT&T)
registration services (Network Solutions Inc.)
information services (General Atomics/CERFnet
US White House email comes on-line at whitehouse.gov; web site launches in 1994
United Nations (UN) comes on-line
Internet Talk Radio begins broadcasting
#1 Song is I Will Always Love You » Whitney Houston 1994 : 1994 ARPANET/Internet celebrates 25th anniversary
Shopping malls arrive on the Internet
First cyberstation, RT-FM, broadcasts from Interop in Las Vegas
First Virtual, the first cyberbank, open up for business
Countries connecting to NSFNET: …Lithuania (LT), Macao (MO), Morocco (MA), New Caledonia (NC), Nicaragua (NI), Niger (NE), Panama (PA), Philippines (PH)…
#1 Song is The Sign » Ace Of Base 1995 : 1995 NSFNET reverts back to a research network. Main US backbone traffic now routed through interconnected network providers
Sun launches JAVA on May 23
Radio HK, the first commercial 24 hr., Internet-only radio station starts broadcasting
Registration of domain names is no longer free. a $50 annual fee has been imposed, which up until now was subsidized by NSF. NSF continues to pay for .edu registration
#1 Song is Gangsta's Paradise » Coolio 1996 : 1996 Malaysian Prime Minister Mahathir Mohamad, PLO Leader Yasser Arafat, and Phillipine President Fidel Ramos meet for ten minutes in an online interactive chat session on 17 January
The Internet Ad Hoc Committee announces plans to add 7 new generic Top Level Domains.firm, .store, .web,
arts, .rec, .info, .nom.
#1 Song is Macarena (Bayside Boys Mix) » Los Del Rio 1997 : 1997 Domain name business.com sold for US$150,000
Early in the morning of 17 July, human error at Network Solutions causes the DNS table for .com and .net domains to become corrupted, making millions of systems unreachable.
#1 Song is Candle In The Wind 1997 » Elton John 1998 : 1998 Internet users get to be judges in a performance by 12 world champion ice skaters on 27 March, marking the first time a television sport show's outcome is determined by its viewers.
Network Solutions registers its 2 millionth domain on 4 May
#1 Song is Too Close » Next 1999 : 1999 Internet access becomes available to the Saudi Arabian (.sa) public in January
IBM becomes the first Corporate partner to be approved for Internet2 access
MCI/Worldcom launches vBNS+, a commercialized version of vBNS targeted at smaller educational and research institutions
#1 song is Believe » Cher 2000 : 2000 The European Commission contracts with a consortium of 30 national research networks for the development of Géant, Europe's new gigabit research network meant to enhance the current capability provided by TEN-155 (6 Nov)
Australian government endorses the transfer of authority for the .au domain to auDA (18 Dec). ICANN signs over control to auDA on 26 Oct 2001.
#1 song is Breathe » Faith Hill 2001 : 2001 The first live distributed musical -- The Technophobe & The Madman -- over Internet2 networks debuts on 20 Feb
High schools in five states (Michigan, Missouri, Oregon, Virginia, and Washington) become the first to gain Internet2 access
European Council finalizes an international cybercrime treaty on 22 June and adopts it on 9 November. This is the first treaty addressing criminal offenses committed over the Internet
#1 Song is Hanging By A Moment » Lifehouse 2002 : 2002 Global Terabit Research Network (GTRN) is formed composed of two OC-48 2.4GB circuits connecting Internet2 Abiline, CANARIE CA*net3, and GÉANT (18 Feb)
Having your own Blog becomes hip
A new US law creates a kids-safe "dot-kids" domain (kids.us) to be implemented in 2003 (3 Dec)
#1 Song is How Your Remind Me » Nickelback 2003 : 2003 The SQL Slammer worm causes one of the largest and fastest spreading DDoS attacks ever. Taking roughly 10 minutes to spread worldwide, the worm took down 5 of the 13 DNS root servers along with tens of thousands of other servers, and impacted a multitude of systems ranging from (bank) ATM systems to air traffic control to emergency (911) systems (25 Jan)
#1 Song is In Da Club » 50 Cent 2004 : 2004 Network Solutions begins offering 100 year domain registration (24 Mar)
Verizon begins blocking all email traffic from European ISPs on 22 Dec in an attempt to abate spam from the region into its US network
#1 Song is Yeah! » Usher Featuring Lil Jon & Ludacris 2005 : 2005 Estonia offers Internet voting nationally for local elections
Pakistan suffers a near complete Internet outage as a submarine cable becomes defective (Jun)
#1 Song is We Belong Together » Mariah Carey 2006 : 2006 Zimbabwe looses most of its Internet access after its satellite connectivity is cut by the provider for non-payment
ICANN lifts price controls on .biz, .info, and .org domain names, after the same was done for .net in 2005, raising fears of tiered pricing where popular domains would cost more
#1 Song is Bad Day » Daniel Powter 2007 : 2007 ICANN drops .um domain name (US minor outlying islands) for lack of use (Jan)
Estonia offers the first online national parliamentary elections on 26-28 Feb
#1 Song is Irreplaceable » Beyonce 2008 : 2008 NASA successfully tests the first deep space communications network modeled on the Internet, using the Disruption-Tolerant Networking (DTN) software to transmit images to/fron a science spacecraft ~20 million miles above Earth
YouTube becomes unreacheable for a couple of hours after Pakistan Telecom starts an unauthorized announcement of YouTube's subnet prefix (24 Feb)
#1 Song is Low » Flo Rida Featuring T-Pain 2009 : 2009 Twitter is asked by the US Government to delay planned maintenance of its service on 15 June as a result of heavy use by Iranian users during unrest in that country
ICANN opens up applications for internationalized domain names (16 Nov)
#1 Song is Boom Boom Pow » The Black Eyed Peas THAT IS THE END OF THE COUNTDOWN. THANKS FOR WATCHING! : THAT IS THE END OF THE COUNTDOWN. THANKS FOR WATCHING!