The Hope Part 1

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Slide 1:

The Hope

The Hope:

The Hope Secular Definition: Hope is it a wishy-washy maybe or a kind of unsure optimism ? The modern idea of hope is “to wish for, to expect, but without certainty of the fulfillment; to desire very much, but with no real assurance of getting your desire.” “I hope I get a hole-in-one this afternoon!”

The Hope:

The Hope Religious Definition: In Scripture, according to the Hebrew and Greek words translated by the word “hope” and according to the biblical usage, hope is an indication of certainty . “Hope” in Scripture means “a strong and confident expectation.” “ Therefore, gird your minds for action, keep sober in spirit, fix your hope completely on the grace to be brought to you at the revelation of Jesus Christ ” 1 Peter 1:13

The Hope:

The Hope Old Testament Hope: Abraham Son; Decendents Moses Freedom; Land Israel Nation Exile Restoration(Davidic Kingdom ) Roman Occupation Messiah The Old Testament always pointed to the Coming Messiah and the Hope He would bring to the world.

The Hope:

The Hope So, what is the New Testament Hope?

The Hope:

The Hope N. T. Hope: Christ’s Second C oming

The Hope:

The Hope N.T. Hope : 2. Final Judgment

The Hope:

The Hope N.T. Hope: 3. Resurrection of the body

The Hope:

The Hope N.T. Hope : 4. Eternal life in the reign of God

The Hope:

The Hope New Testament Hope: Christ’s Second C oming Final Judgment (Receiving our inheritance) Resurrection of the body Eternal life in the reign of God Plus: Hope is not a just a collection of expectations for the future; it is a theological foundation for balanced living now.

The Hope:

The Hope Christian Hope produces results: ( 1) It changes how we see ourselves. Hope, if Biblical, changes us into pilgrim persons, people who see this life as a temporary sojourn. (2) It changes what we value . Hope, if biblical, makes us heavenly minded rather than earthly minded. (3) It affects what we do with our . Hope , if Biblical , changes how use our talents, our time, and our treasures Do not lay up for yourselves treasures upon earth, where moth and rust destroy, and where thieves break in and steal. "But lay up for yourselves treasures in heaven, where neither moth nor rust destroys, and where thieves do not break in or steal; for where your treasure is, there will your heart be also . Matthew 6:19-21

The Hope:

The Hope Eschatology: Study of the beliefs or teaching about the last (Gk. Eschatos ) days. “No one knows about that day, not even the angles in heaven…” Mark 13: 32a

The Hope:

The Hope Mark 13: 1-2 “The Olivet Discourse” (Also Matt. 24 and Luke 13 – ends differently in each but all emphisize being prepared) The scene: Trip with disciples to Caesarea Philippi Triumphal entry into Jerusalem Cleansed the Temple Mount of Olives overlooking the city and the Temple Jesus knew that his beloved disciples would soon be confused and hopeless and he wanted to give them HOPE in the future. When they asked about the Temple, Jesus took the opportunity to speak of the future

The Hope:

The Hope Mark 13: 1-2 “The Olivet Discourse” Jesus prophesized that the Temple would again fall which it did in AD70 when the Romans completely destroyed the Temple and the city of Jerusalem The disciples asked Jesus when the Temple would be destroyed and he gave them a glimpse of the events leading up to the temple destruction and also a SIGNS of the events surrounding his second coming and judgment Jesus did not put the events in chronological order

The Hope:

The Hope Mark 13: 3-4 “The Olivet Discourse” Jesus prediction brings up two questions in the minds of His disciples: Tell us when these things will be? What will be the signs?

The Hope:

The Hope Mark 13: 5-8 “The Olivet Discourse” Jesus describes general world conditions during the time between His ascension and the time immediately proceeding His second coming: Should not be interpreted as signs Many believers will be misled by false teachers Wars and rumors of wars are not a sign of the end Beginning of birth pangs Nations will rise against nations and kingdoms against kingdoms Earthquakes in various places Famines

The Hope:

The Hope Mark 13: 9-13 “The Olivet Discourse” Jesus describes what His disciples must expect Watch out yourselves -- Christians will be persecuted The Gospel must be preached to all nations They will be brought to trial and faith challenged (Don’t be anxious - the HS will give you the words to say to defend your faith) Brother will betray brother Father will betray child Children will rebel against their parents and have them put to death All men will hate you because of Me Their/Our HOPE: He who stands firm to the end will be saved (vs. 13b)

The Hope:

The Hope Mark 13: 14a The sign of His coming and the end of the age: Abomination that causes desolation A reference to Daniel 9:27 and 11:31 part of a prophecy that the book claims was given to the prophet Daniel by Gabriel during the Babylonian captivity about Jerusalem 's future. An "Anointed One" would come, be "cut off", and then another people would come and destroy Jerusalem and set up the abomination in the Temple. 168BC when Antiochus Epiphanes (Syrian) set up a shrine to Zeus and sacrificed a pig 38AD when Emperor Caligula planned to put his own statue or a statue to Jupiter in the Temple but died before he could do it 70AD when Roman General Titus placed an idol on the site of the burned out Temple after the destruction of Jerusalem A ttack on Jerusalem or Future Antichrist’s reign

Slide 20:

Destruction of Jerusalem in 70 A.D.

The Hope:

The Hope Mark 13: 14b-23 The Great Tribulation Jesus speaks either or both of the horror of the fall of Jerusalem to Rome the period before the end times Jesus warns what should be done – get out of there! For in these days there will be such a time of tribulation that has not been from the beginning of creation until now, and never will be If the Lord had not cut short those days, no one would survive For the sake of the elect, he has shortened them False christs and false prophets will appear to deceive the elect – do not believe it! Be on your guard

The Hope:

The Hope Mark 13: 24-27 On the heals of the Great Tribulation, Jesus Christ returns: Final events before Christ’s 2 nd Coming At the end of the tribulation there will be more signs just before Jesus returns Sun will be darkened Moon will not give its light Stars will be falling from heaven Heavenly bodies will be shaken Second Coming Will see the son of man coming in clouds with great power and glory Rapture: will send out angels to gather his elect from the ends of the earth to the ends of heaven

The Hope:

The Hope Mark 13: 28-31 Jesus speaks more regarding the timing of these events: Parable of the Fig Tree When the fig begins to blossom you know summer is near Likewise, when you see these signs the Kingdom will be right at the door (Warning for the final generation) This generation will not pass away until all these things have happened Note: Generation - Greek word that also means race or common type so it could mean Jewish race; Christianity or the human race would still be in existence

The Hope:

The Hope Mark 13: 32-37 Parable of the Servant in Charge No one knows the day or hour, not even the angels nor the Son, just the Father Jesus tells us how we should live until he returns “Servants in charge” parable: Jesus left us: His house (The Church and His World) His authority (The Holy Spirit) His work (Making disciples) Final emphasis: What I say to you I say to all: Watch!

The Hope:

The Hope 1 and 2 Thessalonians Written around 52A.D. by Paul from Corinth Paul only spent 3 weeks there founding the church (Acts 17:2) First letter in the New Testament written by Paul (Written before the Gospels) Responding to the report on the church’s issues identified in Timothy’s visit Major subject is the Second Coming of Jesus Christ, the Hope of the Church 20 references to the second coming and mentioned at the end of all 5 chapters in 1 Thessalonians (1:10; 2:19; 3:13; 4:17; 5:23)

The Hope:

The Hope The Scene: Timothy had visited the young church and identified some concerns that Paul addressed in his letter. There was a misunderstanding about Christ’s Second Coming – some thought Christ would return immediately and were confused when their loved ones died, fearing they would not have any part in the glory of Christ’s return Others were so consumed by the truth of Christ’s return that they were neglecting their daily tasks 1 Thessalonians 4: 13-5: 11

The Hope:

The Hope Paul assures them that the Christians who died will be brought to God with Jesus Paul told them of Jesus words (not recorded) that the living will not proceed the dead at the 2 nd Coming 2 nd Coming described: Lord will come down from heaven with; Loud command Voice of the archangel The trumpet call of God The dead in Christ will rise first The living will meet the Lord in the air ( Rapture: “Caught up”; “Taken away”) Both will be with the Lord forever Therefore, encourage each other with these words 1 Thessalonians 4: 13-18

The Hope:

The Hope The Day of the Lord and Final Judgment Will come like a thief in the night Destruction will come on them (unbelievers) suddenly, like labor pains, and they will not escape The Day of the Lord should not surprise believers like a thief does because we should always be alert and self-controlled Put on faith and love as a breastplate and the hope of salvation as a helmet God did not appoint believers to suffer wrath but to receive salvation through Jesus Christ Jesus died for us so that whether we are awake (alive) or asleep (dead) we may live together with him 1 Thessalonians 5: 1-11

The Hope:

The Hope Paul emphasizes 5 points: Sudden and unexpected Believers need not fear it because they are appointed to salvation not wrath This inspires believers to live their life in the light of Christ’s coming Believers are to live in assurance of their salvation Believers are to encourage and build-up one another 1 Thessalonians 5: 1-11

The Hope:

The Hope 1 Corinthians 15: 50-58 Flesh and blood (earthly body) cannot inherit the Kingdom of God (Inherit not automatic but must accept Christ as Lord) Nor does the perishable (living body) inherit the imperishable (eternal life) Mystery: (Rapture) At Christ’s 2 nd Coming the living will be changed in a flash in the twinkling of an eye At the sound of a trumpet the dead will be raised imperishable (resurrection body) Note: Trumpets were used by Jews as a signal to the start of great festival or other extraordinary events Then the living will receive their resurrection bodies and eternal life When this happens Christ will have his final victory over sin and death (Hos. 13:14) Therefore: Stand firm, let nothing move you Give yourself fully to the work of the Lord Your work for Christ will not be labor in vain (will have eternal results)

The Hope:

The Hope Paul’s Description of our resurrection body in 1 Corinthians 15 We will be recognized in our resurrection bodies They will be better than we can imagine They are made to live forever We will still have our personalities and individualities (perfected through Christ’s work) They will be perfect, without sickness or disease They will not be limited by the laws of nature

The Hope:

The Hope Romans 8: 18 – 27 The Future Glory Without a heavenly hope, Paul considered the Christian life foolish and tragic. Yet in light of eternity it is the wisest and best choice anyone can make. Key versus: The creation waits in eager expectation (hope) for the sons of God to be revealed (vs. 19) …in hope that the creation itself will be liberated from its bondage to decay… (vs. 20) …we wait eagerly (hope) for our adoption as sons, the redemption of our bodies. For in this hope we were saved. But hope that is seen is no hope at all. Who hopes for what he already has? But if we hope for what we do not yet have, we wait for it patiently. (vs. 23b-25)

The Hope:

The Hope Romans 8: 28 – 39 More than Conquerors Key versus: An we know that in all things God works for the good of those who love him, who have been called according to his purpose. (vs. 28) If God is for us, who can be against us? (vs. 31b) Christ Jesus, who died – more than that, who was raised to life – is at the right hand of God and is also interceding for us. (vs. 34) No, in all these things we are more than conquers, through him who loved us. For I am convinced that neither death nor life, neither angles or demons, neither the present nor the future, nor any powers, neither height nor depth, nor anything else in all creation, will be able to separate us from the love of God that is in Christ Jesus our Lord. (vs. 37-39)

The Hope:

The Hope Matthew 25:31-46: The Last Judgment At Christ’s (Son of Man) Second Coming (In His glory) He will separate obedient followers (Sheep) from pretenders and unbelievers (Goats) The Hope = “Come, you who are blessed by my Father; take your inheritance, the kingdom prepared for you since the creation of the world.” How blessed? = the evidence of our belief is that we treat everyone (especially the needy/ least of these brothers of mine) we come in contact with as if they were Jesus These acts (food, drink, invite a stranger in, clothes) The Hopeless = “Depart from me, you who are cursed, into the eternal fire prepared for the devil and his angels.” Why cursed? = the proof of their unbelief is their lack of love for their fellow man The unrighteous will go away to eternal punishment and the righteous will have eternal life

The Hope:

The Hope

The Hope:

The Hope C. H. Spurgeon speaks of the confidence great men and women of God had in God’s love in ages past: “ They did not speak of Christ’s love as though it were a myth to be respected, a tradition to be reverenced; they viewed it as a blessed reality, and they cast their whole confidence (HOPE) upon it, being persuaded that it would bear them up as upon eagles’ wings, and carry them all their days; resting assured that it would be to them a foundation of rock, against which the waves might beat, and the winds blow, but their soul’s habitation would stand securely if founded upon it.”

doctrine of eschatology:

doctrine of eschatology The following 12 Theses were adopted by the 118th General Assembly (1978) “as a position statement on the doctrine of eschatology.” The desire to know more of the unknown, including the future, is an authentic human characteristic. (2) The biblical tradition affirms the importance of this human concern by revealing that the course of time flows between God's sovereign Acts of Creation, Redemption, and the Consummation of His purpose . (3) The reality of God's Kingdom was proclaimed by the prophets, manifested in the life, death and resurrection of our Lord, is present with us now, and will be fully manifested at our Lord's return.

doctrine of eschatology:

doctrine of eschatology (4) Following the Westminster Standards, we insist that God holds the time of the Consummation unknown in order to preserve in us a sense of immediacy and urgent watchfulness , and we refuse to tame that hope into a set of speculative predictions . (5) God's sovereignty is the first and most important affirmation in our understanding of God's final purpose, such purpose assured by the work of Jesus Christ; and God is on His way toward the fulfillment of His purpose wherein he will be all in all . (6) The Cosmos will at last be redeemed in all its fullness from its bondage to sin, decay and death; not as the end result of any historical process which may now be observed, but purely and only because God has determined that it will be so .

doctrine of eschatology:

doctrine of eschatology (7) The reward God gives to those who trust His power to complete the work of redemption is hope ; not the optimistic conviction that by our own account we bring in the Kingdom, but the assurance that we can learn to prefigure and show it forth in some measure in our lives . (8) The hope for the Consummation includes the challenging possibility for resistance to the evil of the world and for the faithfulness of the Church to the end . (9) In light of the fact that God's purpose, revealed and accomplished in Christ Jesus, will be brought to full fruition, our response is to work to make visible the reality of God's love, and to declare the Good News that in Jesus Christ the future is secure.

doctrine of eschatology:

doctrine of eschatology (10) Confidence in the future vindication of God's way with evil and the redemption of the world enables us as a Community of Faith, Hope and Love to commit ourselves collectively to the struggle against corruption and decay, ready always to make common cause with people of good will everywhere who seek to preserve the earth and to both maintain and enhance life . (11) There is considerable latitude for variations in eschatological position within the Reformed Tradition, but strong principles from other branches of Reformed theology provide boundaries which must be preserved. There is but one overarching covenant of grace, one covenant people, one salvation, one return of Christ, one general resurrection and one Last Judgment . (12) Our hope should never change its focus from the Savior ever with us and the worldwide ministry of reconciliation to which he has commissioned us.

The Hope:

The Hope

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