world war 2

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world war 2

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World War II:

World War II

Europe in the 1930’s:

Europe in the 1930’s Adolph Hitler Rise because of WWI Criticized rather than submitted a plan for progress Forced his way into the chancellorship Hitler threatened invasion in Austria and eventually merged with Germany Czechoslovakia German-speaking area turned over Meeting in Munich Peace declared Non-aggression pact with Stalin

Causes of World War II:

Causes of World War II Ideologies, doctrines, and philosophies Anti-communism Expansionism (imperialism/colonialism) Fascism Militarism Nationalism Racism Interrelations and economics Problems with the Treaty of Versailles Issues after the dissolution of Austria-Hungary Competition for resources and markets Problems with the League of Nations European Civil War Specific events Franco-Prussian War World War I The Great Depression Nazi dictatorship Munich Agreement Invasion of the Soviet Union 4.Specific events Franco-Prussian War World War I The Great Depression Nazi dictatorship Munich Agreement Invasion of the Soviet Union

The Rise of Dictators:

The Rise of Dictators Allies had expected Germany to pay for damages during World War I Didn’t have enough money to do this Adolph Hitler, leader of Germany during the 20’s, said Germany had been treated unfairly. Believed only Germans with blond hair and blue eyes were “true Germans” Blamed Jews for many of the problems

National Socialists, or Nazis:

National Socialists, or Nazis Political party with Hitler in charge Grew in power and started an army Soldiers, called storm troopers Attacked Jewish people and others opposed to Hitler Put prisoners into terrible prisons called concentration camps

Nazis in Control:

Nazis in Control 1933 took control of German government Hitler ruled as a dictator, an all-powerful ruler. Rebuilt Germany’s economy by preparing for another war. Built tanks, guns and other war supplies Wanted to Rule the World

Other Dictators:

Other Dictators Joseph Stalin ruled the Soviet Union Dictatorship – country ruled by one all-powerful person Francisco Franco ruled Spain Benito Mussolini ruled Italy. Hirohito ruled Japan

The War Begins:

The War Begins Japan, Italy, and Germany began taking over other countries. Sept. 1, 1939 Germany invaded Poland British and French leaders had had enough! Declared war on Germany on Sept. 3, 1939. British and French not able to stop Germany from taking over other

U.S. Enters the War:

U.S. Enters the War Many thought we should stay out President Franklin Roosevelt promised to keep up out of the war. Prepared for attack just in case. 1 st peacetime draft Men ages 21-39 had to register Started making war supplies

U.S. Enters the War(Contd.):

U.S. Enters the War(Contd.) December 7, 1941, Japanese planes attacked Pearl Harbor in the Hawaiian Islands. Dropped bombs on American ships at the Pearl Harbor naval base. In less than two hours, Japan had destroyed most of the U.S. Pacific fleet. More than 2,000 sailors and 68 civilians were killed.

Declaration of War:

Declaration of War Day after the attack at Pearl Harbor President Roosevelt asked Congress to declare war on Japan Congress declared war that same day. Italy and Germany, Japan’s allies, declared war on the U.S. three days later.

Major sides of WWII:

Major sides of WWII Axis Powers Germany Japan Italy Allies United States Britain France

Maximum Axis Control:

Maximum Axis Control

Japan’s Invasion:

Japan’s Invasion China Blockade Pearl Harbor Southeast Asia

Allied Counterattacks in the Pacific:

Allied Counterattacks in the Pacific Midway Southeast Asia Island hopping Japanese main islands

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