Constitution

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Slide 1:

The United States Constitution

Questions that are asked about the United States Constitution.:

Questions that are asked about the United States Constitution. When was the Constitution written? Who created it? Why was it written? What events led to its creation? Where was it written? What historical documents was it modeled after? What problems in society did the Constitution solve? What are its limitations? Do americans feel it is as relevant today as it was when the Constitution was first created?

Constitution Facts:

Constitution Facts The United States Constitution was created on September 17, 1787. It was ratified June 21, 1788

Constitution Facts:

Constitution Facts The authors of the Constitution were the Delegates of the Philadelphia Convention (also known as the Constitutional Convention, or Federal Convention) There were 55 Delegates who drafted the United States Constitution. State # of Delegates that attended Connecticut 3 Delaware 5 Georgia 4 Maryland 5 Massachusetts 4 New Hampshire 2 New Jersey 5 New York 3 North Carolina 5 Pennsylvania 8 South Carolina 4 Virginia 7 Rhode Island 0 Not all Delegates that attended the Convention signed the Constitution

Why was it written?:

Why was it written ? It was written to show the three branches of government: Legislative, Executive, and Judicial It tells the power of each branch. To tell the framework of the United States Government.

What events led to its creation?:

What events led to its creation ? The failure of the Articles of Confederation. It created a weak national government, there was no president or Judicial branch. Congress was the only branch of government. Federal government could not enforce laws on states. The American Revolution left the United States very weak. Farmers revolted because many of their land was being taken away.

Where was it written?:

Where was it written ?

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* Proposals for a New Government : -Delegates agreed to get rid of the Articles and create a whole new gov’t. -2 plans presented by delegates A. The Virginia Plan: -Presented by James Madison and delegates from Virginia. -Proposed a federal system of gov’t. -3 Branches: 1. Legislative: ( Congress ) Make the laws . 2. Executive: ( President ) Enforce laws . 3. Judicial: ( Courts ) Interpret the laws . -Bicameral Legislature: 1. Lower House: Rep. elected by people. 2. Upper House: Selected by lower house. -# of reps. would be based on state population. -Favored larger states. FEDERAL : A form of gov’t in which states keep certain powers but give final authority to a central gov’t. James Madison : “Father of the Constitution”

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B. The New Jersey Plan : -Presented by William Paterson of New Jersey. -3 Branches: Legislative would only have one house and every state would have same # of reps. -Favored by the smaller states. C. The Great Compromise : Roger Sherman of Connecticut proposed a plan that merged the Virginia and New Jersey plans. -3 Branches: 1. Legislative: Congress was to be bicameral. A. House of Representatives : # of reps. Based on states population. Elected by the people. B. Senate : 2 reps. per state. 2. Executive: President chosen by the Electoral College 3. Judicial D. Three-Fifths Compromise : -Southern states wanted slaves to count towards state pop., northern states did not.

What problems in the society did the Constitution solve? :

What problems in the society did the Constitution solve ? The Constitution solved the problem of only one branch of government and provided the USA with: the Legislative branch, Executive branch, and Judicial branch. Checks and Balances was created. There was a separation of power between branches of government. The Electoral College was created to represent the states in presidential elections.

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Supreme Court

What major historical documents was the US constitution modeled after?:

What major historical documents was the US constitution modeled after? Commentaries on the Laws of England by William Blackstone. This book gave rights and wrongs of people in a society. Was about the common law of England. The Spirit of the Laws by Baron de Montesquieu. This book talked about separation of powers and constitutionalism. Social Contract by Jean Jacques Rousseau. This talked about the more efficient way to set up political community. Government should be of the people. Two Treatises of Government by John Locke. It covers the idea that every man is created equal under God.

What are its limitations?:

What are its limitations ? The United States Constitution limits the power of the government. Each branch has their own powers. No government is all-powerful, and that it may only do things that the people have given it power to do. The government must obey the law. This is the principle called constitutionalism.

Do americans feel it is as relevant today as it was when it was written? :

Do americans feel it is as relevant today as it was when it was written? The US constitution is completely as relevant today as it was when it was written because the same principles are proposed today. Laws are still unconstitutional and americans still have to rule by the constitution. The division of powers is still working today. It still makes this country run with a stable democracy.

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