CONDITIONAL TYPE 1 AND 2

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Conditional Grammar, Part 1: “Real Conditionals”:

Conditional Grammar, Part 1: “Real Conditionals” Let’s study the rules for this week’s grammar.

Let’s start with some examples::

Let’s start with some examples: 1. It’s 6:00 a.m. on Monday morning, and Margaret is getting ready for work. She has to hurry because … If she is late for work, Margaret’s boss will be angry. What tense is the first verb in? What tense is the second verb in?

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2. It’s 3:00, and John is at work. He doesn’t feel well. He has a terrible headache. John will go home early if he doesn’t feel better soon. What tense is the first verb in? What tense is the second verb in?

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3. It’s Saturday morning, and Marissa has a busy day ahead of her. She has to do a lot of chores and run some errands. But . . . If she has time before dinner, she is going to see a movie with her friend. What tense is the first verb in? What tense is the second verb in?

If I finish my homework early, I’ll watch TV for awhile.:

If I finish my homework early, I’ll watch TV for awhile. In this type of sentence . . . Put the verb in _________ tense after IF Put the other verb in the _________ tense Which clause gives the condition? Which clause gives the result of the condition? present future -IF I finish my homework early I will watch TV for awhile

About Real Conditionals::

About Real Conditionals: Real Conditional sentences have two clauses or phrases: 1) If clause: gives the condition and has a verb in simple present tense 2) Main clause: gives the result and has a verb in future . The two ways to make the future are: -will -be going to

It doesn’t matter what order the clauses are in: a. Karen will look for a new job if she doesn’t get a raise soon. b. If she doesn’t get a raise soon, Karen will look for a new job. Important Note: if you begin with IF, use a comma between the two clauses. :

It doesn’t matter what order the clauses are in: a. Karen will look for a new job if she doesn’t get a raise soon. b. If she doesn’t get a raise soon , Karen will look for a new job. Important Note: if you begin with IF, use a comma between the two clauses.

Be careful with negative forms::

Be careful with negative forms: Remember, for the present tense negative use: But for present tense BE, simply use: For the future negative, use: doesn't or don't am not, is not, are not won't

More examples: (with negatives):

More examples: (with negatives) 1. If my family doesn’t come to visit me this year, I’ll be very sad. 2. Linda and her family won’t get a dog if their new apartment complex prohibits it.

Your turn to practice: Complete each sentence with an appropriate idea. Be sure to use correct grammar.:

Your turn to practice: Complete each sentence with an appropriate idea. Be sure to use correct grammar. IF I have time tomorrow, I … I will buy a new television IF … IF you don’t practice English often, … IF I feel sick tomorrow, … The teacher will help you IF … I will lend you $10 IF … IF the weather is nice tomorrow, … I’ll be upset IF…

What would you do if you won the lottery?:

What would you do if you won the lottery? This presentation will give explanation and practice for: Unreal Conditionals Conditional Grammar, Part 2

SO… What would YOU do if you won the lottery!?:

SO… What would YOU do if you won the lottery!? Maxine would buy a new house for herself and her parents if she won the lottery. If Paul won the lottery, he ’d take a trip around the world. John and his wife would buy a piano if they became rich.

We use unreal conditionals in English to talk about: A situation that is not real, but that we imagine . . .:

We use unreal conditionals in English to talk about: A situation that is not real, but that we imagine . . . If I had a million dollars . . . I would … If I lived in Italy . . . I would . . . If I got a job as a chef . . . I would . . . Are these real situations? Do I really have a million dollars? Do I really live in Italy? Do I really work as a chef? NO! these are imaginary situations

How do we make this type of conditional grammar? Look at these examples::

How do we make this type of conditional grammar? Look at these examples: 1. If my friend asked me for money, I would lend it to her. 2. Tomas would be happier if he got a less stressful job. 3. Speaking in English would be easier if you practiced more frequently. After the IF, use ______________________ tense . In the other clause, use __________________. simple past would + verb

Form & Meaning::

Form & Meaning: When you imagine a future happening like this, you use a past tense form after IF; However, the meaning is NOT past. Ex. If I moved to a big city, I’d sell my car. The meaning here is NOT past tense . . . I didn’t move away and I didn’t sell my car. I’m imagining a future possibility .

Notice that you can start these sentences with the If-clause or with the Would-clause::

Notice that you can start these sentences with the If-clause or with the Would-clause : If Lisa moved abroad , she would learn another language. Lisa would learn another language if she moved abroad.

More Practice . . .:

More Practice . . . If you ____________ (get) more exercise, I’m sure you ________________ (feel) healthier and happier. Celia ______________ (do) better in school if she _____________ (sleep) more each night. got would feel would do slept

Important Note!:

Important Note! Formal grammar requires that when making these kinds of conditional sentences, we use WERE for the past tense of be for all subjects (including I, he, she). Ex. -If I were you, I would buy that house. -She would buy a mansion if she were wealthy.

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You will probably hear many native speakers of English use WAS in these cases, and this is often accepted in spoken, less formal situations. And now . . . more practice!

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What would YOU do if . . . you became rich? you found a wallet on the street? your house caught on fire? your best friend moved far away? your child had a temper tantrum in a public place? there were an earthquake in California? a stray animal came to your house? Share Your Responses with the class . . .

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Go to our class website to practice this grammar: www.ecc6.blogspot.com If you practice the grammar a lot this week, you will understand it better!